Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 15, 2001
New information for managing invasive species and marine reserves at the start of the 'International Biodiversity Observation Year'
At the 2001 Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, biologists leading the International Biodiversity Observation Year (IBOY) will present information that can directly inform policy to support management of invasive species and marine reserves.

AAAS atlas shows human impact on environment
The AAAS announced today the publication of an atlas that graphically illustrates the link between population and the environment.

New AAAS project links judges to experts in science and engineering
Judges who would like to understand the scientific concepts in a complicated case now will have a place to turn to for expertise.

Wanted: 'Civic scientists' to inform the public, press and policy makers
Scientific illiteracy is a big problem in this country, and scientists have to do something about it, said two Stanford faculty members who were part of a Feb.

Second form of heart failure common among elderly
A study of almost 5,000 older adults living in four U.S. communities showed that more than half of those with heart failure had a little-understood form of the disorder that doctors know little about treating, report researchers in this week's American Journal of Cardiology.

From Human Genome to Nanotechnology: Hundreds to Present Scientific Research at 2001 AAAS Meeting
Leaders in human genome efforts, Francis Collins of the National Center for Human Genome Research (NIH) and J.

Moving towards a cure for diabetes
One approach to cure diabetes is to transplant into patients stem cells that have been specifically engineered to produce endocrine hormones.

Volcanic ash detector boosts air safety
An Australian collaboration is working to commercialise the world's first detector to warn pilots of volcanic ash clouds in their flight paths.

Graded exercise benefits patients with chronic fatigue syndrome
Many patients with chronic fatigue syndrome have inaccurate illness beliefs that may perpetuate their condition.

Researchers seek women with premature ovarian failure for testosterone replacement study
Researchers at the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development are recruiting women who have premature ovarian failure--formerly known as premature menopause--to determine if providing them with testosterone will help prevent osteoporosis.

Galaxies and black holes
Galaxies and black holes are so intimately connected that it is almost impossible to find one without the other, according to University of Michigan astronomer Douglas Richstone.

Award winners announced for 2001 Merck/AAAS undergraduate science research program
The Merck Company Foundation and the American Association for the Advancement of Science today announced the names of the 15 universities and colleges that have won awards under the newly expanded program to provide research experiences in chemistry and biology for undergraduate students.

LSU professor to speak at AAAS conference on evolution of green plants
An LSU researcher is one of five scientists who will present a symposium on the origins of plant life Feb.

Human gut potential breeding ground for antibiotic resistance
Bacteria in your gut could be exchanging genetic material, including antibiotic resistance genes, with bacteria that are simply passing through on your food, say researchers from the University of Illinois.

Children with runny noses are at less risk of developing asthma
Repeated viral infections early in life may reduce the risk of developing asthma up to school age by stimulating the child's immune system, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

Radiography should not be recommended for low back pain
Patients with low back pain who have radiography treatment report a longer duration of pain, more severe pain, reduced functioning, and an overall poorer health status than those who do not have radiography, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

Lubricating nanoscale machines: Unusual behavior of highly confined fluids challenges conventional expectations
The unique and often unexpected properties of fluids confined to very small spaces will force designers of future nanometer scale devices to reexamine conventional expectations regarding lubrication and fluid flow.

Elephant-sized collaboration can't yet budge the Standard Model
Question: How many physicists does it take to calculate one number?

Debate over genetically modified food gets an educational home on the web
Will genetically modified food benefit society, or will it ultimately pose threats to human health, the environment and the world economy?

Deep Green spawns Deep Gene and Deep Time to continue work toward a complete tree of life for the green plants
As Deep Green ends, similar projects are sprouting up. Now

Card tricks and mathematics: Applying the magician's trade to numerical dilemmas
Instead of reaching for a pencil, Stanford mathematician Persi Diaconis reaches for a pack of cards.

Future of health care for the aging to be addressed at "Faith in the Future" conference
As the population of America continues to age, resources to care for the sick and infirm will be hit hard, says Dr.

Nobex Corporation provides update on Phase II oral insulin studies for diabetes; Information highlights role of liver in managing diabetes
Nobex Corporation today presented progress made in several Phase II clinical trials of oral insulin at the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) meeting symposium entitled,

How did matter come to dominate the universe?
Two new accelerators have begun to yield results that could reveal exactly how the symmetry between matter and antimatter is broken.

Counting words to make words count: Statistics optimize communication
Even if students of a second language master strange sayings and arbitrary grammar rules, their faultless grammar can keep them from blending linguistically with native speakers because people simply don`t follow all the rules.

Study shows new link between salt sensitivity and risk of death
A sensitivity to salt increases the risk of death as much as high blood pressure, according to a study supported by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.

Former Soviet biological warfare plants still pose threat
Despite efforts by Washington, Russia's biological weapons program continues to be a cause for anxiety says Katherine Vogel, a postdoctoral associate at the Peace Studies Program at Cornell University.

Biosecurity net closes on marine invasions
Australian scientists and quarantine authorities are preparing to cast a virtual net around their island continent in a blockade against invasive marine species lurking in a thousand ports across the globe.

Passport, please: A global strategy to curb invasive species
Plants have no respect for boundaries. Nor, for that matter, do zebra mussels, crazy ants or Nile perch.
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