Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 27, 2001
Exploring the Universe: Smithsonian exhibit gets NSF funds
The National Science Foundation (NSF) has pledged $1.35 million over three years for the Smithsonian Institution's new permanent exhibit,

Cutting-edge research on nicotine and mind alertness, topical migraine treatment, nursing home under treatment, and more to be presented at conference
Cutting-edge research on nicotine and mind alertness, topical migraine treatment, nursing home under treatment, aids therapies, and international drugs registry to be presented at pharmacology conference.

Baylor College of Medicine garners research grants to sequence rat genome
Baylor College of Medicine announced two significant research grants that will support the Human Genome Sequencing Center's effort to determine the DNA sequence of laboratory rats.

Jury still out on psychological intervention, immunity
While stress management and other existing therapies may be helpful to an individual's emotional state, it is premature to suppose that those therapies can also substantially alter a person's immune response, according to a new wide-ranging survey conducted by Carnegie Mellon Psychologist Sheldon Cohen and Washington University Psychologist Gregory Miller.

New iniative creates access to HIV care and treatment in four African countries
PharmAccess International(PAI),a not-for-profit Dutch- American organization announces a new initiative to create access to anti-HIV drugs for patients in four African countries,Côte d'Ivoire, Kenya, Senegal and Uganda with funding, anti-retroviral agents, diagnostic and monitoring tests as well as technical support for training of healthcare professionals and education for patients provided for by F.

Brookhaven scientists determine key Lyme disease protein structure
A research team working at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory has determined the three- dimensional structure of a key protein, called OspC, on the bacterium that causes Lyme disease.

Study affirms differences between sexes - at least when it comes to knees
Knee injuries are a common hazard for athletes who play sports where knees are subjected to twisting and jerking.

Hormone-blocking agent preserves fertility in women undergoing chemotherapy
The toxicity of cancer chemotherapy agents often leaves women of childbearing age permanently infertile.

Keep an eye on dad
An electronic photo frame that lets you know at a glance how an elderly relative is coping is under development in Atlanta, Georgia.

Penn researchers identify new cost-effective antibiotic treatment which shortens patient stays
University of Pennsylvania Health System researchers and colleagues have concluded that the antibiotic linezolid has the potential to shorten patient stays, while providing hospitals cost-saving benefits when used to treat infections resistant to most other antibiotics that can extend a patient's length of stay.

ER stress in inflammatory bowel disease
Products of the IRE1 genes, which are conserved from yeast to mammals, respond to the accumulation of unfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum and mediate the so-called ER stress response, by which chaperone proteins are induced and targeted to the ER.

Depression turns generation gap into a chasm
An Adelaide University study has revealed that a large number of adolescents in Australia perceive themselves to be depressed, but their parents seem unaware of their problems and may not seek help for them.

UCSF study finds persons exposed to HIV infection seek early preventive treatment and adhere to medication schedules
A UCSF study has found that individuals potentially exposed to the HIV virus through sexual contact or injection drug use will, given the opportunity, seek preventive treatment within 72 hours of the exposure and will take their medications as prescribed despite side effects.

Study: specialization affects recommendation of kidney failure treatment
Pediatric kidney specialists are 60 percent more likely than their peers who treat adults to recommend peritoneal dialysis over hemodialysis, report Johns Hopkins Children's Center researchers in this week's Journal of the American Medical Association.

Epstein-Barr virus linked to invasive breast cancer and lymphoma
Scientists in the University of Michigan Medical School have found a molecular link between aggressive breast and lymphatic cancers and the Epstein-Barr virus, which causes infectious mononucleosis.

Can Superman get off the ventilator and breathe normally?
Physicians and biomedical engineers at University Hospitals of Cleveland and Case Western Reserve University have developed and successfully implanted in a human being a new breathing system that allows spinal cord injured patients to breathe on their own, without a ventilator.

Kenneth Bridbord receives AAAS Award For International Science Cooperation
Kenneth Bridbord, M.D., M.P.H., of the Fogarty International Center (FIC), is the recipient of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Award for International Scientific Cooperation.

"Heat vent" in Pacific cloud cover could diminish greenhouse warming
The tropical Pacific Ocean may be able to open a

Fatty fish cuts risk of death from heart attack in elderly
Older individuals are less likely to die from a heart attack if they eat at least one serving of fatty fish per week, according to a study presented today at the American Heart Association's 41st Annual Conference on Cardiovascular Disease Epidemiology and Prevention.

Genomic analysis of pathogenic and benign gastritis bacteria
Infection with the mucosal resident bacterium Helicobacter pylori can lead to a series of diseases of the gut, culminating in some cases in gastric adenocarcinomas.

Chronic stress may influence effectiveness of vaccines
A new Carnegie Mellon University study shows that chronic stress can have an impact on the overall effectiveness of immunizations designed to protect against infectious diseases such as flu, hepatitis and pneumonia according to a critical review of published studies.

Study uncovers new contributor to brain damage, suggesting novel drug target
Researchers have identified a protein that plays an important role in neonatal brain injury.

Jefferson scientists detail key molecular pathway and potential drug targets against cancer, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases
Researchers have described how two similar proteins compete for control of a cell's ability to die at a preset time.

Livermore team wins excellence award for transferring miniature glucose sensor for diabetes patients to private sector
The Federal Laboratory Consortium for Technology Transfer has honored a Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory team with an Excellence in Technology Transfer Award for its work in transferring an implantable device to monitor glucose levels in diabetics to a private sector company.

Once thought permanent, Alzheimer's plaques are cleared from the brains of living mice
Mass. General researchers cleared 70 percent of Alzheimer's disease plaques in mice 3 to 8 days after applying anti- plaque antibodies directly to the mouse brains.

Scientists find evidence for wet, slushy Ganymede, Jupiter's largest moon
Planetary scientists studying Jupiter's icy moon Ganymede have combined stereo images from the Galileo mission with Voyager images from the 1970s and found provocative features on the moon.

Study shows injection drug users at needle exchange program share few syringes, and those who do, share with friends
Most injection drug users who use community needle exchange programs--which aim to reduce the risk of illness spread through tainted needles--do not share their needles, according to public health researchers at the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California and the New York Academy of Medicine.

Flabby minds
Bin that hamburger now. Scientists in Canada say that a high- fat diet not only clogs your arteries and piles on the pounds, it can also impair memory.

Watching clonal deletion in action
Pugliese and coworkers show that thymic DCs express and present several major pancreatic proteins that are known autoantigens in Type I diabetes.

Holey fibers, bragg taps, and the future of the Internet at upcoming optics meeting
A giant conference devoted to fiber optics will discuss some of the latest scientific breakthroughs in fiber optics communications.
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