Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 04, 2001
Historian to advise Nuremberg on what to do with Nazi terrain
Dr. Gerhard L. Weinberg, William Rand Kenan Jr. professor of history emeritus at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, will help a famous German city deal with a problem that dates back to the Nazi era.

Physicists hope to strike scientific gold in the Black Hills of South Dakota
A committee of leading physicists, appointed by the Institute of Nuclear Theory at the University of Washington, is advocating the renovation of the 125-year-old Homestake Gold Mine in the Black Hills of South Dakota as a unique underground science laboratory.

A paradox helps explain how aspirin works
Even though aspirin's pain-killing capacity was well known to Hippocrates in the fifth century B.C., exactly what it does remains somewhat of a mystery.

Parents benefit by accompanying children on ambulance trips between hospitals
In a change in practice at a pediatric hospital system, parents are now routinely asked if they wish to accompany their children on an ambulance trip between two hospitals.

No more earthquakes than usual, but 2001 so far is deadly
With more than 35,000 estimated deaths from earthquakes in the first two months of 2001, it may seem like the earth is more restless than usual.

Heart gene discovery strengthens skeletal disease link
Researchers at Baylor College of Medicine have discovered a fourth gene associated with heart muscle disease that also has a link to skeletal and muscle disorders.

Hospital researchers identify gene important in certain cancers
Researchers at the Women's and Children's Hospital, Adelaide in South Australia have identified the FOR gene located on chromosome 16.

Study shows many patients don't know how their doctor gets paid,yet are concerned about incentives to cut care
A study by researchers at Harvard Medical School suggests that many people are unaware of how their physicians are paid and how different incentive-based physician payment methods may affect their care.

Bright ideas from college students become solution to keep tools handy and help astronauts
Ideas from an industrial design class at Auburn University has been developed into hardware that will help crews on the International Space Station.

Fox Chase Cancer Center physician leads new international treatment study for ovarian cancer
An international clinical study to evaluate new treatments for women with ovarian cancer is now open in the U.S.

Elimination of household allergens and pollutants could reduce asthma nearly 40 percent
More than half a million children in the United States under the age of 6 who have asthma would not have the disease if risk factors were removed from the home, according to a new Children's Hospital Medical Center of Cincinnati study published in Pediatrics.

Engineers and farmers combine to make biodegradable plastic car parts out of elephant grass
Researchers at the University of Warwick's Warwick Manufacturing Group are collaborating with a group of Elephant Grass (Miscanthus) farmers to use Elephant Grass to produce biodegradable plastic car parts.

Diabetics at greatest risk of complications after re-opening arteries
Re-blocking of the artery - a common complication after angioplasty - is a more serious problem for people with diabetes than for non-diabetics, and could explain why they face an increased risk of death following the procedure, researchers report in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Second generation of radiation devices being tested to treat restenosis
Cardiologists at Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center in Chicago have begun treating patients with a new catheterization procedure that might eliminate restenosis in arteries previously clogged from scarring or arteriosclerosis.

Ancient Earth had magnetic field 3X stronger than once thought
A new technique for measuring the Earth's magnetic field back to the days of the dinosaurs and beyond has revealed that the magnetic field was as much as three times stronger in ancient Earth than previous techniques suggested.

UCSD materials expert elected to the National Academy of Engineering
Sia Nemat-Nasser, Professor of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the UCSD Jacobs School of Engineering, is one of 74 of the nation's top academic and industry engineers elected to the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) in 2001.

Global online workshop on risks of exotic forest pests will be "live" in mid-April
Taking advantage of the international capabilities of the Internet to address a global issue, a workshop and symposium entitled

Bilingual immigrants recall childhood memories better in mother tongue
Bilingual immigrants recall childhood events better and in more detail in their mother tongue than in their adopted language.

Spotting heart defect before birth improves babies' survival
In a study of infants with a serious heart defect, babies diagnosed before birth - using a standard prenatal ultrasound - were more likely to survive the initial surgery to correct the defect, while only two-thirds of the babies diagnosed after birth survived.

Having a regular doctor protects children from a variety of ills
Even though the health-care system often pressures people to see different doctors, a study has found that children who see the same doctor repeatedly stay healthier than other children.

Duke researchers reverse damage of heart failure with gene therapy
After previously demonstrating that they could use gene therapy to prevent heart damage in rabbits with congestive heart failure, Duke University Medical Center researchers have now gone one step further to use gene therapy to actually reverse the damage already done to the rabbits' heart tissue.
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