Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 18, 2001
Fourth dimension
Using mathematical equations, a Cornell University scientist and his colleagues have found evidence of a fourth spatial dimension in plants.

Raloxifene Use for The Heart (RUTH) trial update by Emory researcher at ACC meeting
Emory researcher Nanette Wenger, M.D., presented an update from the Raloxifene Use for The Heart (RUTH) trial in Orlando at the 2001 American College of Cardiology meeting.

Survivors may have 32 endangered species living in their mouths
Crocodiles, poisonous snakes and the scorching sun are not the only things the Survivors have to fear.

UC Berkeley chemists detail secrets of ionization, reasons behind water's central role in chemistry of life
Much of the chemistry of life starts with a simple reaction in water - the plucking of a proton or hydrogen ion from weak acids like nucleic acids and some amino acids.

Ten of world's leading ocean champions named Pew Marine Conservation Fellows
$1.5 million has been awarded to ten leading ocean champions from around the world who have been selected to receive the 2001 Pew Marine Conservation Fellowships--the world's only prize dedicated to preservation of the sea.

The first schizophrenia gene is discovered
German scientists have identified a mutation in a new ion channel gene as the cause of a type of familial schizophrenia.

Announcing the Nitrogen 2001 Conference
The Ecological Society of America is hosting the Second International Nitrogren Conference (N2001) from October 14- 18, 2001 in Potomac, Maryland, just outside of Washington, DC.

Wide variability in use of proven medicine: Those who would benefit most less likely to receive latest therapies
After analyzing one of the most comprehensive and representative registries of heart patients in the world, Duke University researchers found that of five therapies proven effective by clinical trials, the usage ranged from 57 percent for ACE inhibitors to 93 percent for aspirin.

New program shown to help heart attack patients get the best care
Ten Detroit-area hospitals are taking better care than ever of their heart attack patients, thanks to a simple tool kit that helps physicians, nurses and patients remember to take advantage of all the proven therapies that national guidelines recommend.

American Academy honors William T. Golden, prime architect of U.S. science policy
The American Academy of Arts and Sciences has conferred its highest honor on William T.

More consumers using online grocery stores, study shows
One of the first academic studies of online grocery shopping shows a dramatic increase in an 18-month period in the number of experienced online grocery shoppers and a huge change in the number of shoppers who are willing to buy all of their groceries online, including such items as produce and meat.

Overproduction of brain chemical during early stages of Alzheimer's contributes to memory loss in patients
Overproduction of the brain chemical galanin during the early stages of Alzheimer's may have an negative effect on the brain and contribute to the cognitive decline of patients, according to a study published in the March 20 issue of Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences.

Midlife crisis is less common than many believe
About 25 percent of middle-aged Americans think they've had a midlife crisis, yet only about 15 percent of them really have, says Cornell sociologist Elaine Wethington.

Breast cancer drug improves arteries in men with heart disease
In the first study of its kind, a drug used to treat breast cancer improved blood flow in men with coronary artery disease, researchers report today in Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Arm blood flow could predict heart attack risk
A lowered ability of blood vessels in the arm to respond to stress is associated with increased heart size -- an important risk factor for heart disease, according to a Johns Hopkins study.

Enzyme therapy provides hope of first effective treatment for Pompe disease
An enzyme therapy developed by Duke University researchers has been shown to improve heart and muscular functions -- and therefore prolong and enhance quality of life -- in infants born with Pompe disease, a rare, inherited muscular disorder that usually claims the lives of affected children before they reach their first birthday.

Bad habits, non-cholesterol risk factors in youth linked to fatty plaques
A new study links

Virtual tutor developed at CU-Boulder helping hearing impaired children to learn speech
A three dimensional, computerized human face that converses with hearing-impaired children using state-of-the-art speech recognition and speech generation technologies developed at the University of Colorado at Boulder is showing students how to understand and produce spoken language.

Hormone replacement best for blood pressure if taken within five years of menopause
Hormone replacement therapy may be most effective in lowering the risk of hypertensive heart disease if begun in the first five years after menopause, according to a new study.

Treatment in mice proves effective against Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Mice carrying the same gene deficiencies as humans with Duchenne muscular dystrophy experienced dramatic improvements in both their physical condition and life span following an experimental treatment by researchers at the University of Illinois.

Experimental drug decreases age-related blood vessel stiffening
An experimental drug may reverse the stiffening of the cardiovascular system that occurs with aging, according to results of a clinical trial conducted at nine sites throughout the United States and led by Johns Hopkins physicians.

Temperature of Earth's highest polar clouds measured for the first time
Scientists have for the first time obtained measurements of upper atmosphere temperatures, iron densities, and mesospheric clouds over the North and South Poles.

Vitamins C and E combination fights side effects of radiation treatment for cancers in pelvic area
A study involving 20 individuals suffering from chronic radiation proctitis showed that a daily regimen of vitamins E and C substantially reduced or eliminated the symptoms of the illness.

Listen to Earth's 'songs,' tweeks and whistles live on the Web from NASA Marshall Center
If humans had radio antennas instead of ears, we would hear a remarkable symphony of strange noises coming from our own planet.

Carpets in schools don't compromise indoor air quality
Contrary to concerns that carpeting could be contributing to indoor air quality (IAQ) problems in schools, a Cornell University IAQ expert says these concerns are misguided and that carpet can actually improve air quality, safety and learning in children.

Brain's efforts to save itself during Alzheimer's may backfire
The neurotransmitter galanin, which appears to play a role in Alzheimer's disease, is normally neuro-protective.

Patients under age 40 may be at risk for premature coronary artery disease, Emory study shows
Patients under the age of 40 may be at risk for premature coronary artery disease (CAD), according to the results of a 15-year study conducted at Emory University.

More light makes redfish grown faster
Biologists have discovered that longer days make redfish grow faster.

Stratospheric balloon constellations for Earth science
Global Aerospace Corporation announced that NASA's Institute for Advanced Concepts (NIAC) decided to fund the second year of a contract to develop a revolutionary concept for networks of stratospheric balloons. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to