Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 25, 2001
Math draws international scholars to UIC
University of Illinois at Chicago begins scholar exchange visits with Kazakhstan Institute for Informatics and Control Problems.

Los Angeles chemist wins national award for liquid crystal research
William Gelbart of Los Angeles will be honored April 3 for contributions in linking fundamental physics of liquid crystals and other fluids with their behavior.

Soy may enhance cancer-fighting effects of tamoxifen
A diet of soy may enhance the effects of tamoxifen, which is used to prevent breast cancer in high-risk women.

Symposium discusses risks, benefits of plant biotechnology
A daylong symposium on plant biotechnology will be held at the 221st national meeting of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society, to discuss questions like: Why have farmers adopted biotech crops so readily?

Plastics role in auto industry discussed; plastic car displayed at ACS meeting
The current and future role of plastics in the automotive industry is the topic of a speech by Bruce Cundiff, Director of Automotive for the American Plastics Council, scheduled for delivery Monday, April 2, at the 221st national meeting of the American Chemical Society, in San Diego.

LSU veterinarians deliver cloned calves by caesarian section
A team of LSU veterinarians recently delivered two cloned calves by caesarean section at the university's School of Veterinary Medicine.

Soy may reduce risk of Alzheimer's disease in postmenopausal women
Soy may help postmenopausal women protect themselves against Alzheimer's Disease, according to research presented at the 221st national meeting of the American Chemical Society.

In unusual 'jury' study, UNC law professors find little overt racism but say race still counts
Race remains important when it comes to jury decisions in criminal trials, but not exclusively as many people suspect, according to an unusual new University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill study.

Disease metastasis: encouraging predictive technology
Even cancer treatments that appear to eliminate all clinical symptoms of disease may leave behind a small number of malignant cells.

Lombardi Cancer Center researchers pinpoint abnormalities on cancer-fighting gene
Researchers at Lombardi Cancer Center at Georgetown University Medical Center have identified several key mutations on the cancer-fighting gene known as p53--allowing them to study this gene more closely than was previously possible and giving new insights into how cancer treatment may be customized down the road.

Natural substances in fruits and vegetables may be potential treatment for prostate cancer
Quercetin (kwer-se-ten), a natural substance found in apples, onions, tea and red wine, may be a potentially novel approach for preventing and treating prostate cancer, according to a laboratory research study conducted at Mayo Clinic in Rochester.

Racial stereotypes hurt academic performance -- in whites
Negative racial stereotypes can have negative effects on the people who hold them, or even who think about those stereotypes.

Doctors reinvent the house call
Traditionally, Americans living in rural and impoverished inner-city areas have low levels of primary care and high levels of isolation from consistent specialized high-quality medical care.

Berkeley chemical engineer wins national award for catalysis research
Chemical engineer Alexis Bell of Oakland, Calif., will be honored April for fundamental contributions to developing more efficient catalysts, such as those that extract pollutants from vehicle emissions.

Indianapolis chemist wins national women's award
Christina Bodurow Erwin of Indianapolis will be honored April 3 for providing motivation for women to choose scientific careers and the tools to develop them.

The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation funds UW digital tribal outreach project
The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation is providing a $393,435 grant to the Tribal Connections project co-sponsored by the University of Washington and the National Library of Medicine.

Green chemistry: The ethics of sustaining the Earth
Terry Collins, professor of chemistry at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, PA, will discuss the role chemistry can play in achieving creative, intellectual and practical solutions in sustaining the Earth's natural resources and how to develop ethical strategic chemical goals to support sustainability.

Cincinnati chemist wins national award for medical contributions
Leland Clark, Jr. of Cincinnati has been honored for contributions toward development of artificial blood, liquid ventilation, burn treatments and other medical products.

Researchers reveal contaminated factory sites unknown to regulators
Investigators have discovered the sites of 640 former lead smelting factories - most apparently unknown to regulatory authorities - with potentially hazardous levels of lead in the soil where the plants once stood.

OSU researchers identify predictors of divorce
Ohio State University researchers studying the dynamics of marriage have discovered surprising factors predicting which marriages will last and which will fail.

Wilmington chemist wins national award for drug development
Chemist Paul Anderson of Lansdale, Pa., will be honored April 3 for directing development of such drugs as Zocor for high cholesterol, Trusopt for glaucoma, and Crixivan and Sustiva for HIV.

New egg-free flu vaccine called promising for those with egg allergy
Austrian researchers have developed a unique flu vaccine that is made without egg proteins, which can trigger rare but potentially fatal allergic reactions in some people.

Novel compound inhibits HIV replication in cell cultures, suggesting possible new type of AIDS drug
A compound that inhibits HIV in human immune system cells may eventually provide a new therapeutic approach against AIDS by blocking HIV infection at an early stage.

Nano-dispersion of clays makes better, cleaner plastics
Small amounts of well-dispersed natural clay can lead to environmentally friendly and inexpensive plastic composites with improved specialized properties, according to a Penn State researcher.

First ever virtual expo plus over 250 exhibits at 221st national meeting in San Diego
The American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society, will feature a Virtual Expo at its 221st national meeting, April 1-5, in San Diego.

General Motors to fund $3-million materials lab at Brown
Brown University engineers will conduct research in lightweight materials funded with $3 million from General Motors.

Chemistry in the Amazon: Tropical birds, Amazonian tribespeople derive medicinal benefits from insects, plants
Eloy Rodriguez, professor of environmental studies at Cornell University discusses how tropical birds and Amazonian tribespeople derive medicinal benefits from insects and plants, and the interconnection between the conservation of biodiversity and the preservation of human and animal health.

MIT chemist wins national award for lifetime's research
Chemist Klaus Biemann of Alton Bay, N.H., will be honored April 3 for his role in advancing the mass spectrometer, a tool that analyzes pollution, criminal evidence, pharmaceuticals, Martian soil and other compounds.

Study results show hope for use of dendritic cells to fight pediatric cancer
Results from the first-ever study testing the use of dendritic cells in children may offer new hope for a cancer vaccine.

Professionalism and career development - from college through retirement
Speakers will address a variety of topics to help chemists at all career stages attain their professional goals.

Individual's genes may dictate better heart failure treatment
Individuals genetically prone to fare poorly from heart failure appear to greatly benefit from beta-blocker medication, according to one of the first studies examining how genes impact drug effectiveness.

Clamshells, wheat and burgers - the next fast-food craze?
USDA researchers have used wheat to make

Common genetic differences affect vulnerability to childhood leukemia, new study shows
By focusing on molecular differences that define distinct types of childhood leukemia, scientists have discovered that vulnerability to one type of the cancer or another depends on something as simple as which form of a single enzyme a child inherits.

Schenectady chemist wins national award for new materials
Chemist Daniel Brunelle of Burnt Hills, N.J., will be honored April 3 for diverse contributions in developing tailormade, efficient polymers such as thermoplastics to replace steel frames in motor vehicles.

Inherited variants of three genes affect breast cancer treatment response and outcome
In findings that support potential tailored therapy for patients with cancer and possibly other diseases, Duke University Medical Center researchers and colleagues report finding that inherited variants in three genes are associated with response to high-dose chemotherapy and overall survival in advanced breast cancer.

Pasadena chemist wins national invention award
Chemist John Baldeschwieler of Pasadena, Calif., will be honored April 3 for developing ways to

Chicago chemist wins foremost national chemistry award
Chemist Fred Basolo of Glenview, Ill., will be honored April 3 by the world's largest scientific society for a career of remarkable contributions to the advancement of chemical knowledge.

Texas chemist wins national award for materials research
Chemist F. Albert Cotton of Bryan, Texas, will be honored April 3 by the world's largest scientific society for achievements in making new materials and understanding their structures and properties.

Application deadline extended for new AstraZeneca neurology, psychiatry awards
AstraZeneca PLC has extended the application deadline to Aug. 31, 2001 for proposal submissions for its international, peer-reviewed Young Minds in CNS Awards Program, which recognizes and promotes promising work from young physicians and investigators working in the central nervous system (CNS) therapeutic area.

Designer solvents promise revolutionary pollution solution
New designer liquids that can replace hazardous and polluting organic solvents are poised to revolutionize industrial chemistry and dramatically reduce pollution at its source, according to researchers who presented some of the latest green chemistry research at the national meeting of the American Chemical Society in San Diego.

Allentown chemist wins national award for catalysis research
Chemist John Armor of Orefield, Pa., will be honored April 3 for achievements in catalysis, the technology that makes possible processes like drug manufacturing and pollution control.

News briefing schedule
Schedules of briefings for news media attending the 221st national meeting of the American Chemical Society April 1-5, in San Diego, California.

Newspaper science editor wins top chemistry reporting award
David Perlman, the award-winning science editor of the San Francisco Chronicle, will be honored April 3 by the world's largest scientific society for his noteworthy contributions to increased public understanding of chemistry.

Sandia to release enhanced shock wave physics software
The latest version of the widely used shock wave physics computer code, CTH, developed by Sandia National Laboratories, will soon be available to customers nationwide.

Controlling greenhouse gas carbon dioxide through carbon sequestration two-day symposium, April 2-3
Storing carbon dioxide in such places as the ocean, or even converting it to rocks, is the topic of a symposium in San Diego at the national meeting of the American Chemical Society.

Women in chemistry: A scientific journey into the 21st century
Dr. Susan S. Taylor, professor of chemistry and biochemistry at the University of California and 20001 Garvin-Olin Medal recipient, will address women's increasing role in science in the 21st century.

Notre Dame chemical engineer wins national award for supercritical work
Chemical engineer Joan Brennecke of Granger, Ind., will be honored April 3 for insights into supercritical fluids, an environmentally friendly medium for such processes as decaffeinating coffee and polymerizing the building blocks of plastics.

From dolphins to the Giant Panda - chemistry at SeaWorld and the San Diego Zoo
Experts from SeaWorld and the San Diego Zoo discuss how chemistry affects the lives of zoo and marine animals, including animal nutrition, marine habitat and pharmacology, and the language of the Giant Panda.

Berkeley chemist wins national award for sugar research
Chemist Carolyn Bertozzi of Berkeley, Calif., will be honored April 3 for her efforts to use sugars attached to living cell surfaces to understand and treat disease.

Animal studies indicate new approach for treating end-stage skin and kidney cancers
Advanced skin and end-stage kidney cancer patients may have a better chance of survival with drugs developed from a new synthetic enzyme that significantly improves the effectiveness of existing interleukin-2 (IL-2) cancer therapy, based on research presented today at the American Association for Cancer Research 92nd Annual Meeting.

New Jersey chemist wins national award for drug research
Chemist Magid Abou-Gharbia of Princeton Junction, N.J., will be honored April 3 for his superior guidance in developing new strategies to treat disease.

UCSF former dean of dentistry honored at National Dental Education Association
John Greene, DDS, Dean Emeritus of the University of California, San Francisco School of Dentistry and former Deputy Surgeon General of the United States, was honored with the Distinguished Service Award by the American Dental Education Association (ADEA).

Duke receives USA patent on heat-triggered drug carriers
Duke University has received a United States patent for a special formulation of drug-carrying microscopic fatty liposome spheres invented by Duke engineering professor David Needham.

First familial study of anorexia nervosa in men shows nine-fold increase of risk among women in immediate family
Women contract anorexia nervosa more than nine times as frequently when a man in the family has the eating disorder, a UCLA study shows.
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