Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 01, 2001
Analysis of flight performance in wandering albatrosses yields insights into foraging patterns of different ages and sexes
A new study of flight performance in wandering albatrosses reveals significant differences between males and females and between adults and fledglings, and suggests that these differences influence where birds of different ages and sexes forage for food in the open sea.

Epimmune scientists report positive pre-clinical data on vaccine designed to combat HIV's ability to mutate
Epimmune Inc. announced positive pre-clinical data on its HIV vaccine that is designed to directly address the problem of viral mutation.

Manufacturers, researchers urged to monitor polymer synthesis as it occurs
Polymer chemists will speed discovery, improve quality control, and reduce waste and byproduct production if they observe what they are doing as they do it.

Most children with acute sinusitis recover without antibiotics
Antibiotics do not help most children with acute sinusitis, according to a study to be published in the April issue of Pediatrics.

Thanks to Internet2's first educational, international videoconferences, Penn students gain 'high-tech pen pals'
Like so many other things in our society, the time-honored tradition of the faraway pen pal is about to be radically transformed by the Internet age.

New fish species discovered in Murray-Darling Basin
Australia's largest river, the Murray, is battling pollution, salinity, decreased water flows and introduced feral pests, but even so, a new species of fish has emerged from its most degraded end.

Managed care may not reduce access to healthcare
Despite increasing penetrance of managed care in Maryland, the incidence of ruptured appendicitis has remained relatively stable, suggesting access to care has not been curtailed by the shift to a

New light shed on vitamin A's role in the body's natural defenses
Experiments with human cells conducted by Penn State researchers have shed new light on vitamin A's role in the immune response, suggesting that the vitamin's active form may enhance the effectiveness of interferon, one of the body's natural defense chemicals and an immune system regulator.

Biotechnology Study Center Honors J. Craig Venter, Leonard Bell, and Steven Shak
On Wednesday, April 4, the Biotechnology Study Center of NYU School of Medicine will honor three leaders in the biotechnology industry who have made outstanding contributions to the understanding of basic biology: J.

Naturally occurring protein could slow Alzheimer's disease
Using a protein implicated in Alzheimer's disease - amyloid precursor protein - University of Pittsburgh researchers found a cholesterol-lowering protein that might be able to slow the progression of Alzheimer's disease.

Nominations sought for Paul Marks Prizes
Nominations are now being sought for the first Paul Marks Prizes for Cancer Research.

Dr. Robert Spindel is recipient of the Walter Munk Award For Distinguished Research in Oceanography Related to Sound and the Sea
The Walter Munk Award for Distinguished Research in Oceanography Related to Sound and the Sea will be presented to Dr.

Largest Sunspot In Recent Years
Dramatic images of the largest sunspot to appear in a decade are available from the National Science Foundation's (NSF) National Solar Observatory.

Secret agent worms tackle top-secret plot to steal our soil
Move over James Bond and Austin Powers. Here come the Secret Agent Worms.

ER bedside tests speed diagnosis, improve risk-assessment of individuals with chest pain
Individuals with chest pain who have blood tests in the emergency room for multiple biochemical markers receive faster diagnosis and better risk assessment, according to a study in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Extinction claims a furry friend
With native birds in serious decline in South Australia's Adelaide Hills, researchers have now declared a small but delightful native marsupial to be locally extinct there, sounding a grim warning about the environmental impact of human activities.

Guidelines developed for hydraulic design of safer canoe chutes
With the advent of warmer weather, many outdoor enthusiasts are taking to the water in canoes and kayaks.

Oily fossils provide clues to the evolution of flowers
Daffodils, tulips and other flowers are so much a part of our daily lives that we take them for granted.

Ship design is focus of MIT celebration
Over 200 MIT faculty, students, alumni, officers in the US Navy, and members of industry will discuss the future of ship design and current research in that area at a two-day symposium celebrating the 100th anniversary of MIT's program in Naval Construction and Engineering.

Hopkins experts launch handheld digital guide to antibiotics and infectious disease for practicing physicians
Johns Hopkins today launched a rigorously peer-reviewed database and a point of care decision- support system designed to give office and hospital-based physicians free and up-to-the-minute information on antibiotics and their proper use.

In possible boon to sickle cell victims, basic scientists find reason cells stick
Researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have discovered a protein on the surface of sickled red cells that causes them to stick to another protein that is part of blood vessel walls.

License agreement signed to commercialize intelligent hearing aid
For someone with partial hearing loss, picking out a voice in a crowded social gathering can be hard, even with the help of a hearing aid.

A lucky catch: the oldest, most distant Type Ia supernova confirmed by supercomputer analysis at NERSC
An exploding star dubbed SN 1997ff, caught once on purpose and twice by accident by NASA's Hubble Space Telescope, is the oldest and most distant Type Ia supernova ever seen, according to a recent analysis by the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

Beta-blocker slows wall thickening of neck artery in healthy people
For the first time in humans, researchers show that a beta- blocker drug slows the progression of artery-clogging plaque in the carotid arteries of healthy people, according to a report in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Researchers seek effective, fast, clean coatings
A team of researchers based at Virginia Tech are working to develop protective coatings that will be

Replacing brawn with brains: advanced software algorithms make automation more affordable
Advanced software algorithms developed at the Georgia Institute of Technology are the foundation for a new robotic motion control system that will help manufacturers reduce the labor involved in routine inspection and material handling tasks.

Methadone may cause potentially fatal arrhythmia, Georgetown researchers find
Methadone, a drug commonly used to treat patients addicted to narcotics, may, in high dosages or in susceptible individuals, cause a potentially fatal cardiac arrhythmia known as torsades de pointes (TdP), researchers at Georgetown University Medical Center have found.

Simple control strategy derived for solar-sail spacecraft
This year's anticipated launch of the Planetary Society's

Scientists probing the origins of life develop method of making novel proteins using a 21st amino acid
Investigations by researchers at the University at Buffalo and University of Tokyo into the origins of life and the genetic code have resulted in a method of developing novel proteins that has enormous potential for the biotechnology industry while providing important clues to answering the question:
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