Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 03, 2001
Gamma-ray bursts may originate in star-forming regions
New findings from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and the Italian Space Agency's BeppoSAX satellite suggest that gamma- ray bursts, some of the most intense blasts in the universe, may be created in the same area where stars are born.

UC Berkeley group finds first prostate cancer antigen, providing hope for an eventual vaccine against the tumor
Immunologists at UC Berkeley have found the first prostate cancer antigen, opening the window to development of a vaccine against the disease.

Pesticide, urbanization linked to frog declines
Though the California red-legged frog recently earned sweeping federal protection from habitat destruction, researchers from UC Davis and California State University, Sacramento, have found new evidence that their decline may also be pesticide-related.

Emory scientists provide new details about long-term immune memory boost vaccine development
New discoveries about how individuals acquire long-term immunity against diseases are proving essential for the development of new vaccines for complex and persistent diseases such as HIV, malaria and tuberculosis.

Fogarty International Center announces initial awards for international studies on health and economic development
The Fogarty International Center (FIC) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) announces its intention to fund 10 research grant awards under the new International Studies on Health and Economic Development (ISHED) Program.

Florida scientists find enzyme replacement restores muscle strength in mice with Pompe's disease
University of Florida researchers have successfully restored normal muscle function in animals with a rare and fatal form of muscular dystrophy using a new form of enzyme replacement therapy.

Advances made in transparent electronics
Researchers at Oregon State University have made significant advances in the emerging science of transparent electronics, creating transparent

Unergrad's invention may deliver life-saving medicine
A Johns Hopkins University undergraduate developed tiny biodegradable plastic particles that could be used in an aerosol spray to carry DNA vaccines and other important medications deep into human lungs.

Riverside, Calif., chemist wins national award for petroleum research
Chemist Francisco Zaera of Riverside, Calif., will be honored April 3 for his insights into understanding how catalysts work in the oil industry.

Songs that cause the brain to 'itch:' professor investigates why certain tunes get stuck in our heads
Warning! Reading the following song titles may be hazardous to your sanity: *

Stanford chemist wins national award for enzyme research
Chemist Edward Solomon of Portola Valley, Calif., will be honored April 3 for his insights into the structure and action of metal-based enzymes.

UC Davis recycling expert wins Stockholm Water Prize
A UC Davis professor who is the world's foremost expert on safe and beneficial uses of recycled water is the 2001 recipient of the prestigious Stockholm Water Prize.

Stop cancer before it starts
Could a weekly pill mop up the chemicals that make tumours form?

Prairie fire--UIC-style
University of Illinois at Chicago biology professor Dennis Nyberg regularly supervises controlled burn on university- owned preserved prairie in suburban Chicago.

Scientists seek genetic clues to emphysema and chronic bronchitis
About one quarter of all smokers develop emphysema and/or chronic bronchitis, collectively known as chronic pulmonary obstructive disease (COPD).

Female smokers may face greater risk for bladder cancer than men
Cigarette for cigarette, smoking appears to pack a bigger punch for women than men when it comes to bladder cancer risk, according to a new study led by preventive medicine researchers at the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California.

Ketek® (Telithromycin) highly active in vitro against Streptococcus pneumoniae
New study on a new investigational antibiotic KETEK® (telithromycin) presented at ECCMID, Istanbul today: ANTIBACTERIAL RESISTANCE ON INCREASE WHILST KETEK (TELITHROMYCIN) HIGHLY ACTIVE AGAINST STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE.

Geologists will explore new earthquake findings April 9-11 at joint meeting of GSA Cordilleran Section and AAPG Pacific Section
Highlights include: active tectonics and paleoseismology of the San Andreas fault system; geologic structure and earthquake shaking dynamics of the San Fernando Valley, East Ventura Basin, and San Gabriel fault; and the future of the Salton Sea.

Martian homes
If astronauts are going to settle on Mars, they're not going to want to lug heavy bricks all the way from Earth.

UC Davis, Santa Barbara get $6 million to help estuaries
University of California researchers at the Davis and Santa Barbara campuses will receive $6 million in federal funds to develop much-needed health assessments for estuaries, the critical coastal ecosystems where fresh water meets salt water.

Los Angeles teacher wins national chemistry award
Chemistry teacher Barbara Sitzman of Tarzana, Calif., will be honored April 3 for conveying the relevance and fascination of chemistry to her high-school students.

Altadena chemist wins national award for studying life molecules
Chemist John Roberts of Altadena, Calif., will be honored April 3 by the world's largest scientific society for his pioneering studies in technology to better understand molecules important to life.

Maryland chemist wins national award for radioisotope studies
Chemist William Walters of College Park, Md., will be honored April 3 for insights into the nuclei of radioactive compounds, some of which can be used to study supernovas.

San Diego chemist wins national award for protein discoveries
Chemist Susan Serota Taylor of Del Mar, Calif., will be honored April 3 for pioneering a new field of research into a family of proteins.

South Pasadena chemist wins national award for designing new catalysts
Chemist Robert Grubbs of South Pasadena, Calif., will be honored April 3 for designing more efficient catalysts.

Rank of U.S. eighth graders internationally is a mixed bag, report shows
The United States is producing some of the world's highest achieving eighth graders in math and science, yet many students, especially in urban districts, are performing well below average internationally, according to a study released today.

Pasadena chemist wins national award for new materials research
Chemist David Tirrell of Pasadena, Calif., will be honored April 3 for his innovative approach to making materials for artificial blood vessels and other applications.

Tatooing a major route of hepatitis C infection, UT Southwestern researcher finds
Getting a tattoo could be a key infection route for hepatitis C, the most common chronic viral infection affecting almost 2 percent of the United States population, according to a study by a UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas researcher.

New process makes the smallest 'nanobumps' ever
A fundamentally new process called controlled etching of dislocations developed at Cornell University has produced an array of tiny

Alternatives to landmines
Alternatives to anti-personnel landmines are being identified in the US that can distinguish between troops and civilians.

Major study finds no benefit in experimental drug administered to stroke patients
A large clinical trial -- led by Dr. Ralph L.

Ketek® effective against respiratory tract infections with reduced susceptibility to other antibiotics
New study on new investigational antibiotic KETEK® (telithromycin) presented today at ECCMID in Istanbul: KETEK® (TELITHROMYCIN) EFFECTIVE AGAINST RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS WITH REDUCED SUSCEPTIBILITY TO OTHER ANTIBIOTICS.

International guidelines released on chronic obstructive lung disease
The first international guidelines for the diagnosis and management of COPD (a term for chronic bronchitis and emphysema) -- the 4th leading cause of death in the U.S. and worldwide -- were released today by the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD), a collaboration between the NHLBI and the WHO.
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