Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 10, 2001
DFG set up 19 new Graduiertenkollegs
In the autumn of 2001, the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft will be setting up 19 new Graduiertenkollegs.

Step-by-step approach may reduce need to remove bladder in patients with advanced bladder cancer
A sequential approach for invasive bladder cancer that combines chemotherapy with careful monitoring could reduce the need for bladder removal surgery (cystectomy) by as much as 50 percent, according to a University of California, Davis oncologist.

Synthetic clay could assist radioactive waste cleanup
Researchers from Pennsylvania State University supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF) have performed an important step in the drive to remove environmentally harmful materials from waste streams and drinking water.

UIC symposium on regenerative medicine
University of Illinois at Chicago sponsors half-day symposium April 24 on interdisciplinary research aspects of regenerative medicine.

Duke's new Photonics and Communications Center to hold launch symposium on promise of 'Photon Forest'
Duke University's new $100 million Fitzpatrick Center for Advanced Photonics and Communications Systems at the Pratt School of Engineering will stage a

Glennda Chui and Richard Stone win AGU journalism awards
Glennda Chui of the San Jose Mercury-News has won the 2001 Perlman Award, and Richard Stone has won the 2001 Sullivan Award for a freelance story in Smithsonian magazine.

Rush studying antiangiogenic therapy to treat metastatic breast cancer
Breast cancer researchers at Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center in Chicago have begun testing a new therapy that targets the blood vessels that feed breast cancer tumors.

Behavioral therapy effective in treatment of insomnia
New clinical data show that changing a person's attitudes about sleep and teaching new habits is a promising treatment for insomnia and may be an alternative to medication for the treatment of persistent primary insomnia, a sleep disorder that affects up to 5 percent of Americans.

New theory for the Big Bang
According to a team of physicists, the big bang happened by another Universe colliding with ours.

Synthetic clay removes radium from water and soil
An inexpensive, synthetic clay may one day help provide radium free drinking water and clean up radium-contaminated mine and mill tailings according to a Penn State researcher.

UCLA/Pitt researchers transform human fat into bone, muscle, cartilage
Scientists at UCLA and University of Pittsburgh, writing in April's peer-reviewed journal, Tissue Engineering, have isolated fat as the first practical, plentiful and economic source of stem cells used to grow human tissues in the laboratory.

UMaine scientist on Mt. Everest expedition
A University of Maine post-doctoral researcher will climb the shoulder of Mt.

Mayo Clinic study finds brief fibromyalgia treatment program reduces some symptoms
Mayo Clinic researchers have found that a brief interdisciplinary treatment program for fibromyalgia reduces some symptoms, especially in people more severely affected by this chronic disorder.

The HIV Nef protein plays both offense and defense in the battle between the AIDS virus and the body's immune system
An HIV protein called Nef helps HIV to successfully attack the body's immune system.

UW-Madison team to build next-generation 'quantum' computer
A working quantum computer could be so powerful that it would solve in seconds certain problems that would take the fastest existing supercomputer millions of years to complete.

New wave of graduate students to enrich K-12 classrooms
A second wave of partnerships between universities and local K-12 school districts will form as graduate and advanced undergraduate students enter the classroom to teach their younger peers.

Scientists determine how chemistry keeps weird worms "out of hot water" at steaming deep-sea vents
Research led by University of Delaware marine scientists has determined that water chemistry controls the location and distribution of two species of weird worms inhabiting deep- sea hydrothermal vent sites.

NASA demostrates how Earth's global heat engine drives plant growth
Scientists at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center have assembled the first long-term global data set that demonstrates the connection between changing patterns of sea surface temperature and patterns of plant growth across the Earth's landscapes.

Comparison of overactive bladder treatments published in Mayo Clinic Proceedings
A study published in the April Mayo Clinic Proceedings found that extended-release oxybutynin was more effective than immediate-release tolterodine in treating overactive bladder, a condition that is increasing as the population ages.

NSF weighs options for treating South Pole patient
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is considering a range of options for providing medical assistance to an ailing doctor at Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station, Antarctica.

Digital hormones for robots
A good dose of digital hormones is what robots need to make them more independent.

Early struggles in vocabulary development can hamper economically disadvantaged children
When socioeconomically deprived children fall behind in spoken vocabulary development during their first three years of life, they are very likely to have lifelong struggles in all their studies in school.

Halfway human
Just when you thought it safe to believe there is a clear divide between Homo erectus and Homo sapiens, along comes Java Gal to throw a spanner in the works.

Inexpensive disposable fiber optics can relay real-time information about drilling process
A new technique developed by researchers at Sandia National Laboratories using an inexpensive disposable fiber optics telemetry system to relay real-time information about the drilling process is capturing oil and gas industry attention.

O.R. study shows 91% of successful franchises have defined territory
If you're thinking of opening a new burger franchise, make sure your contract gives franchisees an exclusive territory, according to a study published in a journal of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMSĀ®).
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