Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 16, 2001
Neuroscientist at Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center
The Michael J. Fox Foundation awarded a researcher from Rush- Presbyterian-St.

Form of cholesterol singled out as cause of chest pain, heart attack
In the first study of its kind, researchers have found that blood levels of the oxidized form of low density lipoprotein (LDL) are directly related to the severity of heart disease, according to a report in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Wetter upper atmosphere may delay global ozone recovery
Increasing water vapor in the stratosphere, which results partially from greenhouse gases, may delay ozone recovery and increase the rate of climate change.

Yale physicists first to create a 'squeezed state' of atoms, which could lead to improved sensitivity ofnavigation systems used on planes and ships
Yale physicists have created a

Scientists watch dark side of the moon to monitor earth's climate
Scientists have revived and modernized a nearly forgotten technique for monitoring Earth's climate by carefully observing

Researchers link failed cell division, Alzheimer's disease
Researchers from Case Western Reserve University and University Hospitals of Cleveland have uncovered a key piece of missing evidence in the proof that nerve cell death in Alzheimer's disease is caused by a failed attempt at cell division.

New index to capture El Nino 'flavors'
Just as the Federal Reserve uses more than one index to measure the health and state of the economy, scientists at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) believe it is essential to have at least two climate measures to capture all

Older people who drink moderate amounts of alcohol have less heart failure, Yale researchers report
A study published in the April 18 issue of JAMA finds that older people who drink low to moderate amounts of alcohol show a lower risk of heart failure, compared to older people who drink no alcohol, a study by researchers at Yale and Emory Universities finds.

Northwestern receives $17 million for functional genomics research
Northwestern University has been awarded one of its largest research grants in history, a $17 million, five-year grant from NIH for a major new research initiative in genetics and functional genomics.

Study finds holes dug in dry-sand beach can collapse and suffocate
Digging holes in dry sand, a frequent activity for children during a day at the beach, carries a risk of sudden death and other dangers, says a Brown University medical student whose study appears in the current Journal of the American Medical Association.

Keeping a tight rein on cell division
Normal cells need two signals in order to divide: a growth factor protein, and an indication that the cells are attached to the

Mother is just another face in the crowd to autistic children
Unlike normally developing and mentally retarded children, autistic 3- and 4-year-olds do not react to a picture of their mother but do react when they see a picture of a familiar toy, a University of Washington psychologist has found.

Duke orthopedic surgeon bucks conventional wisdom; develops surgical approach for broken collarbones
When Dan Lemire broke his collarbone 24 years ago during a sandlot football game, doctors told him they could only offer a sling and hope for the best.

Effective Clinical Practice, March/April 2001 highlights
Group Visits for Chronically Ill; or The Doctor Will See You, You and You Now.

How the cell finds its center
Yeast cells place their nucleus in the center of the cell, where the nucleus helps define where the cell will later divide in half.

Annals of Internal Medicine, tip sheet, April 17, 2001
1). Mild Kidney Disease is Risk Factor for Heart Disease; ACE Inhibitor Helps 2).

Janet Ginsburg receives microbiology communications award
Janet Ginsburg, special correspondent for BusinessWeek, has been named the recipient of the 2001 American Society for Microbiology (ASM) Public Communications Award.

Should I donate my own blood before surgery?
To help patients decide whether to donate their blood before surgery, Dr.

Output from major platinum-group metals producer could increase
Russian production of platinum-group metals (PGM) could increase by more than 40% in the next few years, according to a U.S.

Say Cheese! Scientists in a ferment over cheese-starter genome
Whether sharp Cheddar or nutty Gouda, a fine cheese owes its flavor to milk-fermenting bacteria, such as the historically ancient starter Lactococcus lactis.

Penn researchers discover that stretching neurons induces growth
Penn researchers have been able to grow neurons by stretching them - offering a new means of bridging damaged areas of the nervous system.

Statins reduce levels of protein linked to inflammation, heart attack and stroke
New research shows that three major statin drugs have similar anti-inflammatory effects, a key factor in atherosclerosis, according to a study in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

UW, PNNL think big, aim small with creation of joint nanotechnology institute
The science of the very small is about to get bigger in the Pacific Northwest.

Three statin drugs found to reduce new marker of heart disease
Three common cholesterol-lowering drugs significantly reduce a relatively new, independent marker of inflammation in the coronary arteries called C-reactive protein (CRP), researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas have discovered.

Miniature unmanned planes descend on arctic for research
Three tiny unmanned airplanes equipped with sophisticated instruments are buzzing over the Arctic sea ice near Barrow, Alaska, providing University of Colorado at Boulder researchers with new atmospheric and environmental data.

Warning sounded over waits for cancer treatment in Quebec
To assess the time interval from diagnosis to surgery, Dr.

Contraceptives offer women no protection from pelvic inflammatory disease, says University Of Pittsburgh-led study
Contraception does not reduce a woman's risk of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), according to a study led by the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health.

NSF ships to probe biological enigmas of the frozen southern ocean
In late April, two icebreaking research ships operated by the National Science Foundation (NSF) will sail from Chile for the Antarctic Peninsula as part of a precedent-setting international oceanographic survey to try to answer why trillions of small shrimp-like animals, called krill, can survive the Antarctic's long austral winter and what role algae that thrive on ice play in their survival.
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