Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 18, 2001
Effective acne treatments remain elusive, Hopkins researchers find
After a half-century of looking at everything from Accutane to zinc, dermatologists still can't prove which acne treatments and drugs work best, a team at Johns Hopkins Children's Center finds after combing the scientific literature.

Intelligent nanostructures report on environment; "nanoskins" may aid in inhabiting Mars
Intelligent nanostructures that report on their environment by changing color from blue to fluorescent red under mechanical, chemical, or thermal stress have been created by researchers at Sandia National Laboratories and the University of New Mexico.

Agent Orange might boost the risk of leukemia, UNC researcher says
A new study supports the possibility of an association between Agent Orange and development of a form of leukemia in Vietnam veterans' children but stops short of establishing a direct connection.

American Society for Microbiology selects Mass Media Fellows
The American Society for Microbiology (ASM) has selected Tinsley Davis, a third-year Ph.D. candidate from the University of Wisconsin, Madison and Lisa Rezende, a current postdoctoral fellow at Harvard Medical School, as the recipients of its 2001 Mass Media Fellowships.

University of Toronto study shows more, not less, surgery improves outcomes for children with ear infections
University of Toronto researchers have found that children who are hospitalized with ear infections are much less likely to need further surgery if they undergo a two-part procedure - an adenoidectomy (the removal of adenoid glands) in conjunction with the insertion of tiny tubes in the ear drums - instead of just tube surgery.

Molecule that guides nerve cells also directs immune cells
Researchers have the first evidence that cues that guide migrating nerve cells also direct white blood cells called leukocytes, which have to find their way to inflamed, infected or damaged areas of the body.

UCSD professor named president of the Electrochemical Society
Jan B. Talbot, professor of chemical engineering and materials science at UC San Diego's Irwin and Joan Jacobs School of Engineering was recently elected president of the Electrochemical Society (ECS).

Designer estrogen raloxifene may help prevent cognitive decline in some elderly women but no benefit for most, UCSF study says
The designer estrogen raloxifene, prescribed to millions of post-menopausal women for osteoporosis, does not affect the cognitive performance of most women, according to research from University of California, San Francisco.

A better test for cervical cancer
Australian scientists from CSIRO have contributed to the development of a revolutionary cervical cancer detector with the potential to save lives and replace the PAP smear.

New registry will benefit patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS)
Patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) will benefit from a new national registry and tissue repository sponsored by the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS) and the National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NCMHD).

U.S. needs major steps to overtake European climate research, UW scientist says
The United States seriously lags behind England and Germany when it comes to computer-driven climate research, and a University of Washington scientist says it is time to take dramatic steps toward leadership in the field.

Study: Children with more hours of child care act more aggressively
At age 4-and-a-half, children in better quality child care score higher on tests of thinking and language skills than others who stay home or who receive lower-quality care, a major national study concludes.

Once thought extinct, Siamese crocodile is photographed in Siam
A team of conservationists led by the New York-based Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) have re-discovered the Siamese crocodile in Thailand (formally known as Siam), capturing the animal on film while surveying for tigers.

Department of Defense launches new fight to eradicate breast cancer
The Department of Defense Breast Cancer Research Program (DOD/BCRP) is introducing a new and unique grant concept - the Innovator Awards - to provide accomplished and visionary scholars in any field with the funding and freedom to pursue creative, potentially breakthrough research that could ultimately accelerate the eradication of breast cancer.

E.O. Wilson to speak on 'future of biodiversity'
Scientist Edward O. Wilson of Harvard University will speak at the National Science Foundation on the future of biodiversity on May 2, 2001.

American Sociological Review highlights families, parenting, and divorce
The April issue of the American Sociological Review features articles on themes related to well-being of families, parenting, and marital relationships.

Waste not: Once-discarded fly ash now being used to clean contaminated water at temple university laboratory
As Earth Day refocuses the world's attention on the environment, researchers from Temple and Philadelphia universities are using the environment waste product fly ash to remove heavy metals from contaminated water.

Researcher excavates ancient Inca pilgrimage site
University of Illinois at Chicago anthropologist Brian Bauer, along with UCLA anthropologist Charles Stanish, detail in new book findings indicating pre-Inca pilgrimages to Lake Titicaca's Islands of the Sun and Moon.
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