Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 22, 2001
KSU physicist receives Germany's von Humboldt prize
The Federal Republic of Germany has awarded the Alexander von Humboldt Prize to Talat Rahman, Kansas State University distinguished professor of physics.

Technique detects when satellites are low on fuel
A computer model originally applied to such theoretical problems as understanding the mathematics behind soap bubble formation could be worth millions of dollars for companies that operate communications satellites.

Two new seismic source technologies developed for safer and less costly deep-ocean exploration
The U.S. Department of Energy's Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory and the University of Arkansas have developed two technologies that may ultimately enable safer and more economical oil and gas deep-ocean exploration.

Study clarifies brain mechanisms of cocaine's high
A team of researchers led by scientists from NIDA has made a major advance in understanding the molecular basis of how cocaine produces its characteristic high, suggesting new targets for developing anti-addiction medications.

Greenhouse gases main reason for quicker northern winter warming
Greenhouse gases are the main reason why the northern hemisphere is warming quicker during winter-time months than the rest of the world, according to new computer climate model results by NASA scientists.

New proteomics tool offers a clear look at cellular proteins IDAT can detect proteins at an unprecedented resolution for research and clinical use
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine have created IDAT, the first new technology for the proteomic era, a technique sensitive enough to detect individual proteins and robust enough to potentially screen hundreds or thousands of molecules in mass automation.

May media highlights: GEOLOGY and GSA TODAY
Topics include: tectonics of the northern plains of Mars; early Paleozoic tectonism and the makeup of east Gondwana; evolution of the San Andreas fault; regional strain accommodation in the New Madrid fault system; the relationship between arroyo formation and climate change in the American southwest; formation of the Aegean Sea; and El Nino floods and culture change in southern Peru.

Genetic counseling may influence women's treatment choices, Lombardi study finds
Preliminary results of a research study at Lombardi Cancer Center indicate that newly diagnosed breast cancer patients with a strong family history of this disease are more likely to take more aggressive steps to eradicate their cancer if genetic testing shows they have the inherited form of the disease.

NSF award recognizes wireless pioneer
Vahid Tarokh, a 34-year-old associate professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and a recognized leader in the research field of wireless communications, will receive the National Science Foundation's (NSF) highest honor for young scientists and engineers.

Berlin chemist wins U.S. award for reaction studies
Chemist Helmut Schwarz of Berlin has been honored by the ACS for fundamental insights into step-by-step processes by which molecules react with each other; he received the 2001 Frank H Field and Joe L.

Mom's warmth influences kid's ability to get along with others
A Penn State study has shown that elementary school children who have depressed mothers may have trouble regulating their emotions and getting along with other kids because their moms are unable to show them enough warmth and sensitivity.

Countering the body's own harmful response to stroke
Scientists have found that a compound that recently made headlines for its potential in treating sepsis also holds promise in protecting brain cells from the damage caused by stroke.

New research confirms that natural selection is acting on the current human population
New evidence suggests that natural selection is leading women to have their first child at earlier ages.

Japanese chemist wins U.S. award for molecular discoveries
Chemist Ryoji Noyori of Nagoya, Japan wins ACS 2001 Roger Adams Award in Organic Chemistry for discovering fundamental ways to build mirror images of molecules.

Transplant pioneer Dr. Thomas Starzl to be honored by colleagues at two-day academic event
Thomas Starzl played a paramount role in bringing organ transplantation from concept to reality.

Astrophysics flies high at APS meeting in D.C.
The elements and forces that shape the universe and are explored in research supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF) are highlighted at the American Physical Society meeting at the Renaissance Hotel in Washington, D.C., April 28-May 1, 2001.

Fast medication adjustment, team approach yields lasting hypertension control
Using a physician/nurse team to rapidly adjust blood pressure drug dosage can significantly improve hypertension control rates and potentially reduce costs, according to a Mayo Clinic study published in the April issue of the American Journal of Hypertension.

IU School of Nursing studies find colorectal cancer screenings closely related to doctor recommendation
Two studies conducted at the IU School of Nursing found that one of the top reasons people do not get screened for colorectal cancer is because their physician did not recommend it.

Quantum mirages, space station microscope, and the shortest light pulses ever
New optical techniques for monitoring blocked-artery treatments, tiny

New technology reduces noxious emissions
By combining an electrically charged gas with a specialized catalyst, researchers at the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have successfully reduced harmful oxides of nitrogen in a diesel engine by half.

Stuttgart chemical physicist wins U.S. award for computer simulations
Chemical physicist Michele Parrinello of Stuttgart, Germany received the ACS 2001 Award in Theoretical Chemistry for his pioneering role in developing methods to study complex chemical reactions by computer simulation.

A quickstep into spaceage materials
A groundbreaking Australian technique looks set to revolutionise the aerospace, boat and car building industries by making advanced polymer composite technology affordable.

New studies examine influences on adolescent depression: mother's depression and smoking can worsen symptoms and impair social functioning
Two factors relatively common in adolescence, smoking cigarettes and having a mother who suffers from depression, both increase the adolescent's own susceptibility to depression, according to two new studies in this month's Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, published by the American Psychological Association (APA).

Moms discuss safer sex - not only abstinence -- with adolescent kids
Mothers don't find it easy to talk to their adolescent kids about responsible sexuality and AIDS but, when they do broach those subjects, a Penn State study has found that they are apt to talk about safer sex, too, if they bring up abstinence.

Researchers prove past cooling trend caused by move from forests to agriculture
Researchers in Lawrence Lab's Atmospheric Science Division have demonstrated a cooling of up to 2-degree Fahrenheit over land between 1000 and 1900 AD as a result of changes from natural vegetation, such as forests, to agriculture.
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