Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 24, 2001
Researchers create unexpected glass within a glass
University of Cincinnati researchers report in the April 26th issue of Nature that they have created a glassy form of silver iodide.

Medication effective in treating anxiety disorders in children and adolescents
Researchers at Duke University Medical Center and four other U.S.

Evacuation flight lands safely at South Pole
A twin-engine plane has successfully completed an historic 1,300-mile Antarctic flight to the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station, bringing a new physician to replace Dr.

2001: A Spacetime Odyssey will kick off activities
The newly formed Michigan Center for Theoretical Physics (MCTP) at the University of Michigan will host its inaugural conference on May 21-25.

Monthly update on science/technology @ Temple University
1) Blind Temple student develops new Braille device. 2) Researchers using fly ash to decontaminate water.

NHLBI creates community partnership to eliminate disparities in cardiovascular health
The NHLBI today announced a partnership with six community- based organizations in communities with exceptionally high heart disease and stroke rates to implement heart health education strategies aimed at changing local physician practices and patient behaviors.

University of Washington professor's new book seeks to rewrite understanding of cell biology
Most of what you think you know about cells may be wrong.

Blood markers associated with autism and mental retardation
A new study shows that elevated concentrations of proteins present at birth in the blood may be associated with the development of autism and mental retardation later in childhood.

April tip sheet from Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Topics in this month's medical tip sheet from Cedars-Sinai Medical Center include: 1) Cardiologist Named Director of Women's Health Program; 2) Temodar is First New FDA-Approved Brain Cancer Fighting Drug in More than 20 Years; 3) Very Low Doses of New Drug Reduces Complications of Bone Metastases in Patients with Metastatic Brain Cancer and Multiple Myeloma; 4)LA Marathon Runner Defies Stats to Survive Heart Attack, Head Injury and Oxygen Deprivation; More.

Scientists use weather forecasts to fight disease
Each year plant disease epidemics cost growers billions of dollars and affect both the quantity and quality of food products available to consumers.

Malaria research and training benefits global community
April 25, 2001 is the first-ever Africa Malaria Day. Today, the Mutilateral Initiative on Malaria is announcing two international conferences on malaria.

Blood flow to the brain indicates when recovering cocaine addicts are able to benefit from talk therapy
Measuring blood flow to the brain might be useful in determining when recovering cocaine addicts are best able to benefit from talk therapy.

New imaging technique could improve outcome of popular heart procedure
Researchers at Harvard Medical School may have found a way to give patients, like Vice President Dick Cheney, peace of mind after undergoing stent angioplasty.

Could Minnesota forestry save the Siberian tiger?
Four foresters from the Russian Far East will visit Minnesota April 30 - May 4 to find out if forestry practices in Minnesota provide a key to the tiger's survival.

Women's prisons places of contradiction, says professor
Canadians expect too much from their prisons for women, says Kelly Hannah-Moffat, a sociology professor at the University of Toronto at Mississauga who studies women's imprisonment and the country's criminal justice system.

Black congregrations have a higher rate of providing social services in Philadelphia
In a study conducted by the University of Pennsylvania's School of Social Work entitled

Highest known catalytic rate for superoxide dismutation achieved
Researchers at MetaPhore Pharmaceuticals have used computer aided design techniques to achieve a hundred-fold increase in the catalytic activity of one of the company's synthetic manganese-based compounds previously shown to exert protective anti-inflammatory effects in animal models.

Fox Chase Cancer Center awarded six million dollar grant to establish nation's first Behavioral Research Center of Excellence for breast cancer
The Department of Defense has awarded a six million dollar grant to Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pa., for the development of the nation's first Behavioral Center of Excellence for Breast Cancer Research.

Purdue team develops watermark to protect electronic documents
Using watermarks to preserve the integrity of printed documents dates back 2000 years.

URI oceanographers discover how planetary waves affect phytoplankton production
Three University of Rhode Island Graduate School of Oceanography (GSO) scientists have discovered that planetary waves traveling thousands of miles have a significant impact on the abundance of phytoplankton in the upper ocean, and may play a role in predicting global warming.

Household ant invasions are determined by weather, not pesticide use, new study finds
Using bug spray, bait and other household pesticides to prevent Argentine ant invasions is futile, according to a new study by Stanford researchers to be published in the journal American Midland Naturalist.

World's most advanced science ship stages at Taiwan for major expedition
East meets West to celebrate a new millennium of scientific cooperation May 3 when the science drill ship JOIDES Resolution sails into Keelung Harbor for its first visit to Taiwan (Chinese Taipei).

Scientists at Penn track epileptic seizures
Scientists studying epilepsy at the University of Pennsylvania Medical Center are finding a pattern of human brain activity that indicates the conditions triggering seizures can take hours to develop.

UC Davis study investigates health effects of paraquat, a herbicide commonly used throughout the world
Paraquat, a popular herbicide in use in more than 130 countries in the world for weed control is the focus of an important health study conducted by physicians and researchers at UC Davis School of Medicine and Medical Center and College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.

Still Canadian, eh?
A team of researchers has found that Canadian speech patterns are not being Americanized to the extent once thought.

Why mothers in underserved populations stop breastfeeding
A Yale study shows that most mothers in underserved populations stop breastfeeding far short of the recommended first year of life because they lack confidence in continuing beyond a few months.

Six minority scholars selected for fellowship on health disparities
Six minority scholars have been selected to receive the first grants awarded by the Center for the Advancement of Health and the W.K.

Study finds persistent and severe pain among nursing home residents
The first national look at pain among the frailest nursing home residents uncovers

Scientists receive $1.4 million to study materials that can interchange sound waves and electrical signals
The Office of Naval Research has awarded $1.4 million to a consortium of universities and research laboratories, including three materials scientists from the University of Pennsylvania, to study materials that can convert sound waves into electrical signals and vice versa.

New hope for neurodegenerative disease sufferers
Texas A&M University biologists are studying the genetics of learning and memory in humans, which could help understand aging and help find cures for neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases.
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