Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 29, 2001
Back to Sleep campaign not as successful for African-Americans
The national Back to Sleep campaign has been credited with recent declines in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, or SIDS.

Higher chicken pox vaccination rates decrease disease even in the unvaccinated
Substantial increases in the rate of varicella (chicken pox) vaccination during the past five years has dramatically reduced the number of cases of the disease, including among those who were not immunized, a new study by Duke University Medical Center researchers has shown.

Monogamy appears to be unnatural in the natural world
Myths die hard. And it's even harder to dispel a myth when it concerns sexuality.

Effects of iron-deficiency anemia in infants linger
Infants with iron-deficiency anemia may suffer long-lasting central nervous system effects even with early treatment, say researchers at University of Michigan and the University of Chile.

Many children who have asthma are 'silently suffering at home'
Many children who have asthma aren't using helpful medications or speaking regularly with health care providers about their symptoms, according to a study from the University of Rochester's Children's Hospital at Strong.

Carbon monoxide has unexpected benefits, but don't try it at home
Exposure to carbon monoxide can have fatal consequences. But surprisingly, according to a new study by Columbia University researchers, carbon monoxide may also have a life-saving effect when blood vessels are blocked, such as during heart attack or stroke.

Women more likely than men to have a stroke after heart surgery
Researchers have found that women who undergo cardiac surgery have a significantly greater risk of stroke after surgery than men having the same operation.

How people perceive personal control when coping with demanding jobs can make them more vulnerable to colds and the flu
Having high levels of control over one's job responsibilities can backfire if a person lacks confidence on the job or has a propensity to take responsibility for negative outcomes at work, says new research.

Dendreon Corporation publishes findings of novel cancer gene in Cancer Research
Dendreon Corporation reported in the May edition of Cancer Research their discovery of a gene widely expressed in a variety of cancers but not significantly expressed in normal tissue.

Pneumococcal vaccine extremely effective for high risk Native American communities
The new conjugated pneumococcal vaccine, which is sold under the brand name Prevnar, effectively protects Native American children from seven types of Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria.

Study estimates gender bias in U.S. clinical trials, finds men-not women-under represented in most research
Contrary to longstanding public perception, women do not appear to be under represented or understudied in clinical research trials.

Kids on Medicaid less likely to see specialist for asthma care, study finds
Asthmatic children insured through Medicaid are almost three times less likely to see a physician who specializes in asthma care than children who get their health insurance through other types of managed care plans, possibly confirming anecdotal reports of variations in care among children with different forms of health insurance.

Second-hand smoke may cause cavities in children
Children whose parents smoke are more likely to develop dental cavities, according to a study from the University of Rochester's Strong Children's Research Center.

Women have higher risk of fatal stroke after cardiac surgery
Women are more likely to develop a stroke after cardiac surgery than men, and their strokes are more likely to be fatal, researchers report in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Common changes in body composition in breast cancer patients may be preventable with exercise
Increasing or maintaining activity levels may help premenopausal patients avoid the weight gain common with chemotherapy for breast cancer, researchers from Duke Comprehensive Cancer Center and elsewhere reported Monday in the May issue of the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Near light-speed ion collisions create brief, violent explosions
Scientists trying to replicate conditions that existed in the first microsecond after the Big Bang have discovered that gold ions ramming each other at nearly the speed of light produce a surprisingly powerful but unexpectedly brief explosion, a University of Washington physicist says.

Reseachers find evidence that prenatal use of ecstasy can cause long-term memory loss and other impairments in offspring
Researchers reported the first evidence that a mother's use of MDMA (ecstasy) during pregnancy may result in specific types of long-term learning and memory impairments in her offspring.
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