Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 06, 2001
Children remain alert and ready to learn when taking over-the-counter antihistamines that make adults drowsy
The over-the-counter antihistamine diphenhydramine, commonly sold as Benadryl, has potent sedative effects on adults, but apparently not on children.

Aggressive treatment may be warranted in some newborns with jaundice
In a small fraction of newborns with jaundice, aggressive medical treatment may be necessary to avoid long-term neurological injury, say researchers from The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.

New guidelines encourage early recognition, care of Alzheimer's disease
Early recognition, diagnosis and care are recommended for patients with Alzheimer's disease according to new practice guidelines announced at the American Academy of Neurology's 53rd Annual Meeting in Philadelphia.

'The Relationship Cure' is manual for emotional connection
Peole don't get married, make friends or try to maintain ties with siblings to have those relationships fail.

Gene for insulin resistance syndrome linked to heart disease
The discovery that a rare genetic condition speeds the development of heart disease may open the door to new understanding of the link between heart disease and insulin resistance, a problem of blood sugar metabolism, according to a report in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Medicare rules restrict good care for dying patients
A recent report by researchers at Harvard Medical School, the Harvard School of Public Health and RAND found that many health care providers believe that Medicare regulations block them from providing good care to dying patients.

International study finds hospital nurses dissatisfied, concerned about deteriorating quality of patient care
In one of the most ambitious studies of hospital nurses ever undertaken, researchers at the University of Pennsylvania have found widespread concern about quality of patient care and discontent in the ranks of hospital nurses and have identified trends that bode ill for a quick resolution to the current nurse shortage.

Chicago surgeon and dentist team up to pioneer bone-lengthening treatment in severe craniofacial patients--Bold new treatment improves facial symmetry
Co-directors of the Rush Craniofacial Center Dr. John W. Polley, chairman of plastic and reconstructive surgery, and Dr.

Texas A&M selected for membership in Association of American Universities
Texas A&M University has been selected for membership in the Association of American Universities (AAU), the prestigious 101-year-old organization that restricts its ranks to the nation's premier public and private institutions of higher learning, University President Ray M.

New family registry provides early identification for those at risk for colorectal cancer
Efforts to identify, treat, and improve the outcome of hereditary or familial colorectal cancer have led physicians at Rush-Presbyterian-St.

Medical system pays little attention to behavior counseling
Despite solid evidence that fairly simple and inexpensive changes in behavior can help Americans get healthier, the translation of that research into practice by the medical system remains haphazard, according to a survey of doctors, HMOs and public health leaders.

Studies: Floyd, other major hurricanes of '99 caused significant changes in nation's largest lagoonal estuary
In 1999, three major hurricanes -- Dennis, Floyd, and Irene - - powerfully altered the nation's largest lagoonal estuary, Pamlico Sound.

A parasite, a virus, and a bacterium: NIAID's plan to tackle the world's leading killers
AIDS researcher Dr. Anthony S. Fauci unveiled the NIAID Global Health Research Plan for HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Tuberculosis for battling three leading infectious killers.

Training for doctors improves screening for risk-taking in teens
Teens take risks. Pediatricians know that most health damaging, even deadly, threats to adolescents can be prevented if they avoid dangerous risks and habits.

"Rare" infection found to be common in city kids
Albert Einstein College of Medicine researchers have found that 70 percent of non-immunocompromised children over age 5 living in urban areas have been infected with the fungus, Cryptococcus neoformans, commonly found in adults with AIDS.

Conference planned with six Native American tribes on aging, health & social concerns of the elderly
The Oneida Nation, the Consortium of New York Geriatric Education Centers and the Indian Health Services are partnering to share expertise and new knowledge about growing older.

Ocean whitecaps impact global temperatures
A new study by scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California, San Diego, has dramatically elevated the importance and influence of oceanic whitecaps on global climates.

Chandra pinpoints edge of accretion disk around black hole
Using four NASA space observatories, including the Chandra X- ray Observatory, astronomers have shown a flaring black hole source has an accretion disk that stops much farther out than some theories predicted - providing a better understanding of how energy is released when matter spirals into a black hole.

Serious infections can guard against tumor growth by inhibiting the development of blood vessels, study finds
Serious infections can retard and even halt the growth of tumors in mammals by blocking the formation of blood vessels that nourish those tumors, researchers at the University of Pennsylvania's School of Veterinary Medicine have found.

Hepatitis C risk not limited to injection drug users
A study in New York City has found a higher than expected prevalence of hepatitis C infection among non-injecting drug users.
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