Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 09, 2001
Drug may prevent Parkinson's cell death
A drug used to treat the symptoms of Parkinson's disease may also play a role in preventing disease progression, according to a preliminary study using cell cultures.

Scientists track down the root of cloning problems
A new study led by the Whitehead Institute traces the origin of two major problems plaguing the field of animal cloning.

Risk of ill health from seawater in resorts meeting European Union standard
Even in resorts where seawater quality meets the European Union standard, bathers run a risk of infection.

Impact of depression in the workplace examined in new study by Yale researchers
Depression has a far larger impact on 'presenteeism' or reduced productivity while at work, than on absenteeism, Yale School of Medicine researchers report in a new study published in the May issue of the American Journal of Psychiatry.

Here comes the holodeck: VR + AI = new training tool
New programs developed by the University of Southern California's Information Sciences Institute (ISI) and two other cooperating USC institutes create training environments in which advances in artificial intelligence meld with state of the art work in rendering virtual environments in animation and sound.

Landing on his feet
The Tactile Situational Awareness System (TSAS) is a template of actuators built into a flight vest.

Eavesdropping on the brain
At a given moment, the brain knows instantly how to classify what information it wants, and discard or store the rest.

Study reveals potent new osteoporosis therapy
An MGH researcher, working with scientists elsewhere, reports in New England Journal of Medicine that postmenopausal women with osteoporosis who took daily doses of human parathyroid hormone had significantly fewer spine and nonspine fractures.

American Thoracic Society's 97th International Conference meets in San Francisco May 18 - 23
More than 5,500 original research presentations and hundreds of informational updates by international experts on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of lung cancer, asthma, allergies, tuberculosis, cystic fibrosis, genetics and lung disease, sleep disoders, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and critical care will be presented at the American Thoracic Society's International Conference in San Francisco May 18 - 23.

Milk drinkers at no increased risk of coronary heart disease
Regular milk drinkers do not seem to be at increased risk of coronary artery disease.

Protective protein caps discovered at ends of human chromosomes
Howard Hughes Medical Institute and University of Colorado researchers have identified the protective protein

Emory researchers report ways to diagnose and treat patients with vertigo
Emory researchers report at the American Academy of Neurology meeting in Philadelphia successful diagnostic procedures and treatment options for Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV).

Lorus Therapeutics Inc. to present critical results for lead antisense anti-cancer drug at ASCO-- GTI-2040 reaches clinical endpoints
Lorus Therapeutics Inc. announced today that it will present at the annual meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO), May 12-15, 2001 in San Francisco.

Device puts a new spin on gathering evidence
Usually, getting sucked into a vortex signals the death of a good idea.

Yale researchers create topical estrogen that alleviates sexual dysfunction in menopausal women and eliminates side effects of conventional estrogen
To alleviate vaginal dyspareunia or dryness, a painful symptom of menopause that causes sexual dysfunction, Yale researchers have created a topical estrogen that eliminates side effects of conventional estrogen and that in the future could also alleviate some symptoms of aging skin.

Galantamine therapy shows sustained cognitive benefits for Alzheimer's patients
Cognitive benefits of galantamine treatment are likely to be sustained for at least two years in patients with Alzheimer's disease, according to a study presented today at the American Academy of Neurology's 53rd Annual Meeting in Philadelphia, PA.

Genetic testing programs could overwhelm health care systems, says new report
The good news from human genome research is that tests to determine people's genetic susceptibility to many common and deadly diseases are already, or soon will be, available.

How did we get so smart? Study sheds light on evolution of the brain
Princeton and Bell Labs scientists have devised a simple but powerful method for analyzing brain anatomy, providing the first reliable measure of how brains of humans and other mammals are related to one another across evolution.

Poor teamwork significant factor in sick leave for hospital doctors
Hospital doctors take little sick leave, but poor teamwork is a significant factor when they do.

Yale engineering professor receives $3 million Department of Defense grant to continue nanotechnology research
The United States Department of Defense (DoD) has awarded a total of $3 million to Yale electrical engineering and applied physics professor Mark Reed to continue research in the area of nanotechnology, a field involving the controlled manipulation of atoms and molecules.

Surf's up!
Catching a wave is one thing. Actually harnessing one and making it somehow useful is quite another.

New molecular key to disposal of dying cells
Along with derailing the body's rapid disposal of dying cells, defective functioning of a gene identified at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill also may contribute to tissue inflammation and the development of autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus.

'Starship 2040' exhibit launches campaign to share NASA's futuristic ambitions
NASA's new Starship 2040

New discovery offers hope of better treatments for cocaine addiction relapse
Researchers at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine have identified a key mechanism involved in relapse to cocaine addiction.

Collapse of simple life forms linked to mass extinction 200 million years ago
A mass extinction about 200 million years ago, which destroyed at least half of the species on Earth, happened very quickly and is demonstrated in the fossil record by the collapse of one-celled organisms called protists, according to new research led by a University of Washington paleontologist.

dg.o2001 national conference for digital government research
An NSF-sponsored national conference on using information technology to improve the efficiency and accessibility of government at all levels will be hosted in Los Angeles May 21-23 by the University of Southern California's Information Sciences Institute

New technique illuminates events obscured in the geologic record
A Purdue University researcher known for his studies on evolution and the extinction of the dinosaurs has developed a tool that unmasks short-term events previously overlooked in the geologic record.

Racial disparities exist in diagnostic procedure for heart attack patients, regardless of doctor's race, Yale researchers report
In one of the largest national studies on the topic, Yale researchers have demonstrated a marked racial difference in the rate of cardiac catheterization, a diagnostic procedure used to assess heart function after a myocardial infarction or heart attack.

Stem cells and cloning: Medicine and controversy
Today's rapid technology advance has raised concerns about its impact on society and environment.

Grant accelerates race for lung cancer cures
The Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center has received a coveted award that recognizes its expertise in lung cancer research and that will fuel its aggressive efforts to develop cures for the leading cancer killer.

K-State veterinarian's lab site for DNA registry
Veterinarian Brad Fenwick's Kansas State University laboratory will process, catalogue and permanently store the DNA from approximately 8,000 racing greyhounds this year, and will continue this task every year from now into the foreseeable future.

WWII landmark becomes a wildlife sanctuary
Officials from Myanmar (formally Burma) recently declared a remote valley surrounding the old Ledo Road - a once vital supply route for the Allies in WWII - the nation's largest wildlife sanctuary, according to the Bronx Zoo-based Wildlife Conservation Society.

New clinical program development fund awards $17.6 million in grants for Yale-New Haven Medical Center
New research at Yale in cancer, brain disorders, cardiovascular disease, developmental disorders and organ transplantation will be advanced with $17.6 million in grants from the New Clinical Program Development Fund (the Fund).

Protective effects of alcohol marginal and only in over 55s
The protective effects of alcohol are marginal, and mostly in men over 55 and women over 65.

New finding accelerates discovery of disease genes and human population history
Scientists at the Whitehead Institute have found that SNPs--the single letter DNA differences that underlie disease susceptibility and individual variation-- in northern Europeans travel together in blocks that are much larger than previously thought.

Women up to 10 times more likely to have poor body image than men
Women are up to 10 times as likely to have poor body image as men, even when they are clearly not overweight.

Flyman, MD
Funded in part by the Office of Naval Research, Dr.

Leptospirosis raising health concern among companion animal owners
Leptospirosis is raising health concerns among owners of companion animals across the country, according to a Kansas State University veterinarian.

Dartmouth researcher goes to Cape Cod to study cell division
Like many who visit Cape Cod in the summer, Roger Sloboda, Ira Allen Eastman Professor of Biology at Dartmouth College, goes for the clams.
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