Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 13, 2001
"Save Your Voice" - new hope for laryngeal cancer patients
Results of an eight-year national clinical trial show that combining chemotherapy and radiation treatment at the same time offers patients with advanced cancer of the larynx, or voice box, better hope of preserving their voice.

Sexual function, quality of life, maintained in prostate cancer patients after 3D conformal therapy as compared to seed implants
A survey has shown that all things being equal, patients with early stage prostate cancer who had standard 3D conformal radiation - radiation with a beam - are much more likely to retain sexual function similar to before treatment than those who received standard radiation therapy and radiation through implanted

ORNL technology puts power of lab into the field
A point-and-shoot portable instrument to protect people and the environment is a product of some 20 years of research by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) scientist Tuan Vo-Dinh.

Researchers explore social dimension of sex
CWRU psychologists Roy Baumeister and Dianne Tice propose that sex is a social exchange in which women hold the power card.

Researchers develop guidelines for treating side effects to cancer therapy
An international group of researchers who met at Columbia in late April is developing guidelines widely applicable for the use of antinausea medications for cancer treatment's side effects.

Deregulation will cause significant fluctuations in electricity prices, new study reveals
Despite California`s ongoing energy woes, many states are continuing to move toward deregulation of their electric utilities - a trend that will encourage more economic investment in new plants but also cause significant fluctuations in the price Americans pay for electricity in the next decade, according to a study released this week by Stanford`s Energy Modeling Forum (EMF).

Introgen's intravenously administered gene therapy demonstrates safety and establishes basis for systemic treatment for metastatic cancer
Introgen Therapeutics, Inc. will report data from a Phase I clinical study of the intravenous treatment of patients with advanced cancer and a Phase I clinical study for the treatment of bladder cancer.

Georgetown researchers achieve increased cancer patient survival
Phase I/II trial in late-stage cancer patients shows increased survival following treatment with therapeutic vaccines, and first demonstrated link between increased survival and immune response rate.

Newer form of 'gold standard' drug helps kidney transplant patients do better in long term
A reformulation of the

New technique for sound transmission makes sweet music on Internet
A new technology for transmitting audio that taps into the subtleties of human sound recognition could make listening to your favorite song on the Internet as clear and uninterrupted as tuning in on a radio - even if your computer is a 90-pound weakling in the bandwidth department.

UCLA-led study first to show green tea helps prevent chronic gastritis
Green tea drinkers suffer chronic gastritis half as often as nondrinkers, according to a new study led by researchers at the UCLA School of Public Health and Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center at UCLA.

Rutgers awarded $2 million NSF grant for documentary IMAX film on exotic life at ocean's hydrothermal vents
Rutgers has been awarded a $2 million grant by the National Science Foundation (NSF) to produce a large-format film,

Deaths from congenital heart defects drop during last two decades
During the last two decades, the number of children dying from congenital heart defects has decreased dramatically, according to a report in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Berlex Laboratories announces FDA approval of YASMIN (R), new oral contraceptive with unique progestin
Berlex Laboratories, Inc. announced the FDA approved YASMIN (R), a new, low-dose, monophasic oral contraceptive that is the first and only to contain the unique progestin, drospirenone, which influences water and electrolyte balance.

Study looks at causes, consequences of sex differences
In their quest for improved health for both men and women, medical professionals and scientists must gain a better understanding of the basic biological differences between the sexes, says Dr.

Nose drops help hold off growth of ovarian cancer
A cancer-fighting nose drop shows promise in treating patients with recurrent ovarian cancer, one of the most devastating women's diseases, according to research presented this weekend by a USC/Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center oncologist at the American Society of Clinical Oncology annual meeting.

How blood flow patterns help protect against heart disease
The frictional force and pressure of blood flowing through the heart's main arteries may stimulate cell changes that ultimately protect the body against atherosclerosis, or what's commonly known as

Mayo Clinic study identifies predictors of smoking cessation
Male gender, abstinence during the first two weeks of quitting predict long-term success

Proteins in African HIV strains interact differently with drugs
Naturally occurring genetic variations in HIV-A and HIV-C, the two subtypes of HIV prevalent in Africa, make it harder for inhibitory drugs to bind to the protease, a key protein involved in viral maturation, according to a new report.

Dahm's quantum bit could drive next-generation computers
A tiny but mighty quantum computer, the size of a millimeter, may be part of a new generation of super-fast computers.

Are people with HIV sticking to their medication treatment regimens? New method measures patient adherence
Researchers have developed a new method to measure patient adherence to HIV medications.

Fourth annual HIV vaccine awareness day honors volunteers, promotes research
May 18 marks HIV Vaccine Awareness Day, which honors thousands of volunteers enrolled in studies of an experimental vaccine to prevent HIV infection.

Poll finds majority of women unaware heart disease is their No. 1 killer
More women today are aware that heart disease is their major killer than three years ago, however the number is still low - 34 percent, according to findings from an American Heart Association survey announced today.

Long-term UCLA study of heroin addicts details drug's severe personal and social toll across three decades
A 33-year study of heroin addicts by UCLA researchers details the severe personal and social consequences of dependence on the drug, and the heavy odds against permanent abstinence by long-term addicts.

Certain occupations put people at higher risk for developing brain cancer
A statistical analysis of a certain form of brain cancer, glioma, and the occupation of the patient, shows a higher correlation between brain cancer and certain occupations.

American Heart Association media advisory on new guidelines for cholesterol management
The updated recommendations from the Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP III) published in this week's JAMA include an important new assessment scale and strategies to control elevated cholesterol and other major cardiovascular disease risk factors.

Colon cancer study uses 'gene chip' technology
CWRU researchers will use DNA microarray or 'gene chip' technology to study why colon cancer recurs after surgery for some patients, but not others.

33-year study emphasizes lethal consequences of heroin addiction
After following a cohort of heroin addicts for more than 33 years, researchers found that nearly half of the original group of 581 men first interviewed in 1964 had died by 1997.

New radiation technique benefits patients with nasal-passage cancer
Patients with advanced cancer of the nasal passages who receive a combination of chemotherapy and a cutting-edge radiation technique called intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) live longer than patients who receive conventional radiation, according to a preliminary study at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Older women less likely than men to get warfarin for irregular heartbeat
Elderly women - those older than 75 - were half as likely as elderly men to receive the drug warfarin, which treats irregular heartbeats that can increase stroke risk, researchers report in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

More study recommended on long-term reproductive effects of traces of both natural and man-made hormone-like chemicals
There appear to be effects below the traditional 'no effect' level: A 36-member panel said the chemicals, called

Tai chi can reduce arthritis pain, pilot study finds
Tai Chi, a gentle form of exercise long practiced in China, can significantly reduce arthritic pain in the elderly.

Genes can determine chemotherapy program for colorectal cancer patients
Testing the tumors of advanced colorectal cancer patients can determine whether patients who have already failed a round or more of chemotherapy would benefit from further chemotherapy, according to a study by USC/Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center oncologists presented this weekend at the American Society of Clinical Oncology annual meeting.

Engineering techniques help answer questions on ancient Egyptian artwork
Engineers at Case Western Reserve University, in collaboration with conservators at the Cleveland Museum of Art, have used 21st century technology to characterize the composition and technology of more than 150 objects from the museum's collection of about 500 ancient Egyptian works of art.

New light-based computer runs at quantum speeds
A simple computer that marries the mind-boggling computing power of quantum mechanics with the ease of manipulating light has been built by researchers at the University of Rochester.

Cancer vaccine may help patients with melanoma spread to the lungs
A custom-made vaccine created from a patient's own cancer tumor cells appears effective in prolonging the survival of patients with malignant melanoma, the deadliest form of the skin cancer, that has been removed after having spread to the lungs.

Steinberg releases book on 'unnatural' disasters
In his book,

Device liberates quadriplegic from ventilator
Researchers and physicians from CWRU and University Hospitals of Cleveland have a restored breathing in a quadriplegic patient using an electrical stimulation device to activate the phrenic nerve in his diaphragm.

Krauss book explores universe from oxygen atom's perspective
Author and CWRU physicist Lawrence Krauss begins his science epic

New research findings being presented by University of Pittsburgh faculty at Transplant 2001 scientific meeting
Clinical and basic science research findings of more than 65 studies are being presented by University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine researchers at Transplant 2001, the joint scientific meeting of the American Society of Transplant Surgeons and the American Society of Transplantation.

New prostate cancer drug delays progression of advanced disease
Researchers at Johns Hopkins and the University of Pittsburgh report promising results in tests of a new prostate cancer drug known as ABT-627 made by Abbott Laboratories (Abbott Park, IL).

Scientists find link between Indian caste rank and genetic similarity to Europeans
In India, members of higher ranking castes are genetically more similar to Europeans, while lower castes are more similar to Asians, according to a study published in this month's issue of Genome Research.

Chandra examines black holes large and small in nearby galaxy
Probing a large, nearby galaxy in the constellation of Circinus, NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory presents a new view of both the galaxy's supermassive black hole and a host of potential smaller black holes sprinkled throughout its spiral arms.

Chronic kidney disease is common in the U.S. and is strongly associated with under-treatment of hypertension
Approximately 5.6 million Americans have elevated serum creatinine levels, which is an indicator of chronic kidney disease.

Introgen adenovirus demonstrates safety in hundreds of patients biosafety data presented in 190 patients at annual ASCO meeting
Introgen Therapeutics, Inc. is reporting definitive biosafety information on INGN 201, its adenoviral-p53 gene therapy product candidate currently in Phase III clinical testing.

First effective treatment for gastrointestinal sarcoma seen with multi-center trial of STI-571
The new drug STI-571 that inactivates a protein linked to the growth of some cancers has shown evidence of being effective for an inoperable or advanced form of soft-tissue sarcoma called GIST.

Astronomers find 'spaghetti' twirling around in galaxy
Circulating the Milky Way is a stream of stars that has wound itself around the galaxy like a strand of spaghetti.
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