Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 15, 2001
Novel ceramic foam is safe and effective insulation
Israeli researchers have begun pilot-scale production of a new high-temperature thermal ceramic insulator that may become a safe and economical substitute for asbestos and other potentially harmful ceramic fibers now in use.

Wake Forest first in world to perform new brain tumor treatment
Physicians at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center are the first in the world to treat a brain tumor patient with the newly FDA-approved GliaSite® Radiation Therapy System (RTS).

New cholesterol guidelines expected to lead to a tripling of Americans taking cholesterol-lowering drugs
A panel of the nation's top cholesterol experts convened by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) has issued new guidelines focusing on preventing coronary heart disease, which is expected to lead to more than 35 million Americans, three times as many as currently, taking cholesterol-lowering medication and more than 65 million following a new recommended diet.

Chemical Heritage Foundation announces winner of 2001-2002 Cain Fellowship
The Chemical Heritage Foundation has awarded the 2001-2002 Gordon Cain Fellowship in Technology, Policy, and Entrepreneurship to Arthur Daemmrich.

Grant to launch graduate program in space engineering
A new University of California, Davis, program to launch graduate students on careers in space engineering will be supported by a grant of $125,355 from the California Competitive Space Grants Program.

Methadone promotes HIV infection in cell culture
Methadone, which is widely used in drug treatment centers to treat heroin addicts, stimulates HIV infection of human immune cells studied in cell cultures, according to immunology researchers at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.

New UNC center plans intensive studies of retired athletes suffering disabilities
UNC's new Center for the Study of Retired Athletes will work closely with the NFL players' association to reduce debilitating injuries and lifelong disabilities among athletes.

How to get a radio to work in the Arctic
Communications in the Arctic could soon be improved by sending radio signals through sea ice.

Shaking trucks hit bump in the road
As heavy trucks roll down the road they create dips and bumps in the pavement.

'Silent' DNA speaks up for the first time
By moderately raising the temperature of cells, biologists have broken through what was considered an impermeable barrier that kept half the genes in some cells

The tight junction as a selective barrier
Epithelial cells must be closely apposed and form tight junctions with one another if they are to maintain a different composition in the extracellular fluid at their apical and basolateral sides.

The Chemical Heritage Foundation announces the winner of the 2001-2002 Eugene Garfield Fellowship
The Chemical Heritage Foundation has awarded the 2001-2002 Eugene Garfield Fellowship in the History of Information Science to Professor Bruce V.

Male and female songbirds show big learning differences
Female northern cardinals learn songs in one-third the time it takes male birds to learn the same number of songs, according to research carried out at the University of California, Davis.

Journal issue honors late professor
A special issue of the Journal of Theoretical Biology will honor University of California, Davis, mathematician Joel Keizer, who died in 1999.

UMass tornado researchers heading back to Great Plains
University of Massachusetts tornado researchers are heading back to the Great Plains to spend tornado season testing new ways to detect and predict the swirling storms.

A harmonic 'Ménage à trois'
Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology in Bremen/Germany, and their colleagues have discovered a unique symbiosis between bacteria and a marine worm.

INEEL researchers use baby oil and lasers to study airflow on wings
Built at INEEL, the nation's largest Matched Index of Refraction facility uses baby oil and lasers to investigate the flow around quartz models of complex structures.

Gene therapy for arthritis
The ability of immune cells to home to peripheral lymphoid organs or target tissues is critical to autoimmune patho- genesis, but it also makes these cells a promising vehicle for delivering therapeutic agents to the relevant tissues.

Preventing tumor-cell induced bone disease
Bone is a highly hospitable environment for colonization and growth of metastatic tumors, and some of the most common human malignancies, notably breast cancer and prostate cancer, have a strong propensity to produce skeletal metastases.

'Mere presence' of a black face can lead people to mistake objects for weapons more often, study says
While no one knows what lies behind a police officer's split second decision to fire at a fleeing suspect, a new study from Washington University in St.

Time twister
An American professor thinks he might have worked out how to build the first gateway into our history.

Hands-on cancer biology workshop for journalists
Journalists are invited to slip into the shoes of medical scientists to detect their very own COX-2 inhibitors and to find computational clues in the war against cancer at a daylong workshop,

Immune responses of at-risk but HIV-free women
An ideal AIDS vaccine might be one that stimulates the cellular immune system so efficiently that, despite repeat-ed exposure to the virus, an individual never shows signs of viremia or even seroconverts against HIV epitopes.

Brain researchers from UCLA, Johns Hopkins discover role of key protein in converting short-term memories into lifelong ones
Scientists from UCLA and Johns Hopkins University have taken the first step in discovering how the brain, at the molecular and cellular level, converts short-term memories into permanent ones.

University of Colorado experts outline long-term energy factors
Two University of Colorado at Boulder experts who recently presented testimony related to their research on the nation's long-term energy supplies to two Congressional committees are awaiting the announcement of President Bush's energy proposal on May 17.

Gordon Moore receives the 2001 Othmer Gold Medal
Dr. Gordon E. Moore, co-founder of Intel Corporation and chairman emeritus, is the recipient of the 2001 Othmer Gold Medal.

Little disruption to us aviation if international anti-terrorist measure is adopted, says O.R. study
New anti-terrorist measures to reduce unaccompanied baggage in aircraft luggage compartments would not cause intolerable delay or disruption, according to a study published in a journal of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS®) and commissioned by the Federal Aviation Administration.

University of Cincinnati researchers set for June launch of cultural, environmental, economic rescue mission in Crete
A University of Cincinnati research team working to save Crete from the curse of massive tourism will expand its studies into the picturesque town of Arhanes this summer. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to