Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 20, 2001
Researchers find first gene that increases risk of Crohn's disease
A research team has identified the first genetic abnormality that increases susceptibility to Crohn's disease.

Shuttle motor ready for Utah test May 24 to qualify safety, cost-saving upgrades
A full-scale Space Shuttle Reusable Solid Rocket Motor is scheduled to test fire for 123.2 seconds Thursday, May 24, at a Utah test facility.

AED may effectively detect heart rhythm disturbances in children
An automated external defibrillator (AED) - an electronic device that recognizes and restores normal heartbeat rhythm through electric shock - is as accurate in recognizing rhythm abnormalities in children as in adults.

You are what you eat and your kids are too
Warnings about increased risk of cancer from eating a high- fat diet can often fall on deaf ears.

Religious involvement among rural young people can enhance popularity, grades
Rural teenagers who remain active in church affairs throughout high school are more likely to achieve better grades and enjoy greater peer popularity than teens not involved in church activities, according to a Penn State researcher.

Study shows infliximab can maintain long-term remissions in Crohn's disease
Periodic treatment with the monoclonal antibody infliximab can prolong remissions in patients with severe Crohn's disease.

'The Once and Future Web' takes a byte out of communications history
Since Samuel Morse sent the first official Morse code telegraphic message in 1844 (

Neuroscience and Psychiatry: NIMH Sponsors
NIMH is sponsoring a symposium with scientific presentations in honor of Richard Jed Wyatt, M.D.

Science board honors the Bronx Zoo's Education Division for public service
The National Science Board (NSB), the 24-member policy body of the National Science Foundation and advisor to the President on national science policy is honoring the Wildlife Conservation Society's Bronx Zoo, Education Division with the 2001 NSB Public Service Award for organizations.

Smoking prevention programs may miss minority teens
When it comes to smoking and peer pressure, the influence teenagers have on each other varies depending on culture and ethnicity, which could have implications for smoking prevention programs that target teens, according to a study of a multicultural mix of California 8th-graders.

UC Davis study: fewer Californians dying of lung cancer, pulmonary disease as smoking decreases
The state's successful efforts to reduce smoking are paying off with tangible results: Fewer Californians than expected are dying of lung cancer and chronic lung disease, according to a study by Bruce Leistikow, an adjunct associate professor of epidemiology and preventive medicine at UC Davis.

UCLA research shows immunotherapy may prove a potent new weapon
Researchers at UCLA's Jonsson Cancer Center have shown for the first time that immunotherapy delivered via gene therapy may prove to be a potent weapon in the fight against locally advanced prostate cancer, according to an article published Sunday (May 20, 2001) in the peer-reviewed journal Human Gene Therapy.

Genetically engineered poliovirus fights brain tumors
What do you get when you cross a poliovirus with the virus that causes the common cold?

IBM's 'pixie dust' breakthrough to quadruple disk drive density
IBM scientists are using a few atoms of

Expert advises annual lung test for smokers during physical exam
A leading expert on the crippling lung disease chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) today called for smokers to take a simple lung function test called spirometry during their annual physical exam to determine whether their respiratory system is being compromised by their cigarette habit

Study finds troubling trends in hepatitis C screening, diagnosis and referral
People who might be infected with the potentially fatal hepatitis C virus are not getting tested early or often enough, possibly because neither they nor their doctors are raising the issue, a new study finds.

Twenty percent of kidney deaths among Type 2 diabetes patients can be prevented - according to new clinical trial
A major new study, just released, shows that the high blood pressure drug irbesartan (Aprovel) reduces kidney deaths by 20 percent in people with Type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure.

Diabetes patients in dark concerning heart disease
Heart disease is the leading complication and cause of death among diabetes patients, yet many of them do not understand the risk or its cause.

Studies find eating fruits and vegetables good for lungs
Eating fruits and vegetables appears to reduce the risk of developing some types of lung disease and may even improve lung function, according to research presented today at the American Thoracic Society's International Conference in San Francisco, California.

Current interventions fall short for smoking cessation
One reason that smokers have such difficulty quitting may be that their minds crave the sensory rewards of smoking just as much as their bodies crave the nicotine, according to a new study.
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