Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 21, 2001
Scientists find heavy HIV levels in patient fluids less than 30 days after start of flu-like symptoms
Scientists have discovered high levels of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, in the saliva, spinal fluid, semen and vaginal fluid, as well as in the blood, of patients newly infected by the virus, according to a new medical study.

NHLBI researchers find long-acting beta-agonists not as effective as inhaled corticosteroids in treating persistent asthma
NHLBI researchers report that using long-acting beta-agonists (LABs) alone is not as effective in treating adults with mild-to-moderate asthma as using inhaled corticosteroids alone, but when LABS are used regularly to supplement steroid treatment, they can improve asthma control and enable substantial reductions in steroid doses.

Use or non-use of beta blockers provides clues for improving healthcare quality in hospitals
Although it is well documented that using beta blockers is effective in preventing a subsequent heart attack or death, not all hospitals are prescribing them widely for complicated internal reasons, a study by researchers at Yale concludes.

NSF scholarship for service awards announced at information security colloquium
NSF Director Rita Colwell today announced NSF's first Scholarship for Service program awards to six institutions as part of an interagency, public/private effort to meet nationwide needs for computer security and information assurance professionals.

New Web site suggests ways to choose best computer technology for girls and young women
GirlsTech, a new Web site created by the Douglass Project for Women in Math, Science and Engineering at Rutgers University and Girl Scouts of the USA, provides tips for parents, teachers, librarians, etc. on how to select computer software and other technological resources that empower girls and young women.

Kansas State scientist discovers scaffolding of dough formation
A Kansas State University scientist has solved a problem that has confounded the baking industry for more than 50 years.

National survey examines factors related to high levels of dust mite and cockroach allergen in beds
High levels of dust mite allergens were found in bedding in 23 percent, or nearly a quarter, of homes sampled in the First National Survey of Lead and Allergies in Housing.

'Walkthru Project' renders real-time 3d models for engineering and architecture
Computer scientists at the University of North Carolina (UNC) are helping architects and engineers to create extremely detailed virtual structures that designers can

Everyday traffic noise harms health of children
Low-level but chronic noise of moderate traffic can stress children and raise their blood pressure, hearts rates and levels of stress hormones, says Cornell Professor Gary Evans.

Botulinum toxin injections may ease low back pain
Help may be on the way for sufferers of chronic low back pain.

Love-sick teens risk depression, alcohol use, delinquency
Teens in love have higher risk for depression, alcohol problems and delinquency than teens who do not get romantically involved, reports Cornell University sociologist Kara Joyner.

June media highlights: Geology and GSA Today
Includes new data on the age and origin of Australia's Great Barrier Reef; a new challenge to dating and causes of marine mass extinction and global oceanic anoxia at the Cenomanian- Turonian Boundary; deformation and strain conditions of the Kocaeli (Turkey) earthquake and implications for earthquake prediction; and an alternative interpretation of paleomagnetic data associated with the Baja British Columbia hypothesis.

New marker for disease activity in multiple sclerosis
Scientists have identified a potential new marker for MS disease activity, according to a study published in the May 22 issue of Neurology, the scientific journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Tea fights cavities, reduces plaque
Drinking tea may help fight cavities. A group of researchers from the University of Illinois College of Dentistry believe that black tea and its components benefit oral healh by interfering with the harmful plaque bacteria in the mouth that cause gum disease and cavities.

Rutgers study shows Internet use can disrupt college student performance
Recent research at colleges and universities has suggested that some college students' academic performance might be impaired by heavier use of the Internet.

Popular asthma drug inadequate when used alone, new study shows
A drug widely prescribed as the sole treatment for asthma has been found to be incapable by itself of preventing asthma attacks or controlling the airway inflammation thought to lead to deteriorated lung function and gradual worsening of asthma.

New Jersey researcher receives award for enhancing fiber optic performance
Chemist Edwin A. Chandross, Ph.D., of Lucent Technologies' Bell Laboratories in Murray Hill, N.J., is honored by ACS for his work enhancing the performance of fiber optics through the removal of materials impurities and its minimizing effect on loss of data signals in long-distance transmission.

Study offers hope for chocolate-loving reflux disease sufferers
Results from a new study at the University of Michigan Health System, presented Tuesday at the Digestive Diseases Week meeting, not only reveal the mechanism by which chocolate irritates the digestive tract of those who suffer with chronic heartburn but also suggest a novel treatment.
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