Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 23, 2001
UMass researchers to build South Pole receiver; expected to offer new perspectives on galactic evolution
A team of researchers at the University of Massachusetts, has received three federal grants totaling more than $1.79 million to build and improve a receiver that can detect the presence of nitrogen plus, one of our galaxy's basic components.

Blood pressure and cholesterol goals for type 1 diabetics are proposed by University Of Pittsburgh researchers
Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health have proposed the first-ever blood pressure and cholesterol goals for type 1 diabetics, who are known to be at high risk for coronary artery disease and premature death.

Point and click under the sea
Born out of the need to adapt software developed for traditional computing applications into the underwater environment, the

Study finds wind, currents play key role where young fish settle
A Texas Sea Grant-funded study examined the role physical factors, such as winds, tides and currents, play in moving red drum larvae from the Gulf of Mexico into the nursery grounds of Aransas and Corpus Christi bays and found physical factors play a key role in explaining why red drum larvae only settle in certain parts of the bays.

Whales drawn to waters off Mississippi River Delta
Researchers have found that endangered sperm whales frequent the deeper waters off the Mississippi Delta.

Carnegie Mellon astrophysics team report evidence of acoustic oscillation in cosmic microwave background
In findings reported today by the journal Science, a team of Carnegie Mellon University and University of Maine astrophysicists say they have confirmed the existence of acoustic oscillations generated shortly after the explosive birth of the universe.

Gulp! URI professor studies how sharks eat
If you were able to keep your eyes open during the feeding frenzy of Jaws, you have a visual introduction to the work of URI's Cheryl Wilga, a biologist who studies how sharks use their upper jaw when feeding.

Plasma DHA declines more rapidly postpartum in lactating than in nonlactating women
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6n-3) phospholipids rise during pregnancy in order to supply the needs of the fetus, especially for the developing central nervous system.

American Thoracic Society news tips for May
The American Thoracic Society journals for May feature the following newsworthy studies: low socioeconomic status is associated with a significantly worse outcome in children with cystic fibrosis; research links new asthma symptoms with preteen girls who become overweight between the ages of 6 and 11; and research shows the advantages of a structured educational program in reducing unscheduled visits to the emergency room for severe asthma exacerbations.

Senior citizens at risk for untreated asthma
A Johns Hopkins study of elderly persons found that many have either moderate or severe asthma that has been underdiagnosed or undertreated.

Trans fatty acid consumption may increase risk for type 2 diabetes
In research published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Salmeron et al.analyzed diet records from 84,000 normal to overweight, middle-aged women in the Nurse's Health Study at intervals over a 14 year period between 1980 and 1994.

El Nino link to southern ocean currents
Australian scientists have found that El NiƱo is primarily responsible for determining the strength of the Antarctic Circumpolar Wave.

Study strengthens link between premature births and behavioral problems
An international study developed at Michigan State University and published in the May 26 issue of The Lancet shows that children who are born weighing less than two pounds exhibit a number of behavioral problems later in life - including hyperactivity and social problems - despite their cultural differences.

Partner's presence associated with lower blood pressure
Blood pressure often decreases when you are with a spouse or significant other, dropping below levels associated with talking to friends or even being alone, according to a new study.

Variations in food density affect calorie consumption
In a study of 19 lean and 17 obese women published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Bell and Rolls manipulated both the fat content and the energy density of various foods by adding water and low-fiber fruits and vegetables.

Listening to music of choice during outpatient eye surgery lowers patients' cardiovascular, emotional stress
Older adults who listened to their choice of music during outpatient eye surgery had significantly lower heart rate, blood pressure and cardiac work load than patients who did not listen to music, a study by researchers at the University at Buffalo has shown.

UF researcher finds links among stress, pain and immune function
Researchers have found short-term immune changes associated with root canal treatment are linked with the development of cold symptoms later.

The Chemical Heritage Foundation is pleased to announce a one-day conference on the evolution of the global chemical industry since World War II.

Music softens patients' surgery-related rise in blood pressure
Listening to music before and during surgery may help nervous patients cope with the stress of going under the knife--especially if patients are allowed to choose what they listen to, suggest the results of a new study.

New book from AAAS's Project 2061 offers a way out of science curriculum "superficiality"
Designs for Science Literacy, a new book by Project 2061, the education reform initiative of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, addresses one of the most difficult education reform questions: how to design K-12 curricula in a way that reflects local needs and interests, and, at the same time, enables all students to reach national goals of literacy in science, mathematics, and technology.

Rutgers and Philadelphia's NBC television affiliate launch first water forecasting system for visitors to the New Jersey shore
The Coastal Ocean Observation Laboratory (COOL) of Rutgers'Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences has joined forces with Philadelphia's WCAU-TV, an NBC affiliate, to provide New Jersey shore visitors with detailed information on water conditions.

Researchers test breakaway walls for coastal homes, buildings
Nothing can prevent a tropical storm from pounding coastal communities, but a team of North Carolina State University researchers is testing new designs for

Feeling of hopelessness increases risk of dying
Those who lack hope about the future may be at risk of dying prematurely, suggest the results of a study of nearly 800 elderly Americans.

Scientists find solution to a mystery surrounding Alzheimer's, Huntington's and other neurological diseases
Stanford researchers have found an answer to a long-standing mystery surrounding Huntington's, Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and other neurodegenerative diseases.

Labeling of active compounds in ginseng varies from actual content
In an article in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Harkey et al. tested the composition of 25 different commercial ginseng preparations from two genera--Panax and Eleutherococcus--to determine the labeling accuracy of the plant species and their active compounds.

Scientists using earstones to identify red drum nursery grounds
By analyzing the earstones of red drum, Texas A&M University at Galveston marine biologist and Sea Grant researcher Jay Rooker hopes to identify red drum nursery grounds and determine the contribution of each area to the adult red drum population.

Gulf coast's shifting sands draw attention in erosion control study
Erosion claims as much as 10 feet of Galveston Island shoreline a year. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to