Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 24, 2001
Supervised tuberculosis preventive therapy works for injection drug users
Spending more time and money up front to keep injection drug users with latent tuberculosis (TB) on strict, anti-TB regimens will improve patient outcomes and save money in the long run, according to a new study by Johns Hopkins researchers.

Mucolytic drugs may benefit patients with severe pulmonary disease
Patients who suffer frequent, prolonged or severe recurrences of chronic bronchitis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may benefit from regular use of mucolytic drugs for at least two months, according to a review in this week's BMJ.

NOAA weather service, Sea Grant Program offer rip current safety information
With Memorial Day Weekend signaling the traditional start of the summer beach season, NOAA's National Weather Service (NWS) and National Sea Grant College Program are teaming up to help educate the public about the dangers of rip currents which account for 80 percent of beach rescues annually - 36,000 rescues in 1997.

Science study shows age, sex, weather, factors in fluctuating Soay Sheep population
Why do some animal populations fluctuate--abundant at times, or rare at others?

One year after surgery, robotic heart grafts are still a success
Scientists have completed the first North American pilot trial of endoscopic heart surgery performed with assistance from a robot.

Visualizing protein synthesis in living neurons
HHMI researchers have developed a technique that allows them to visualize protein synthesis in living neurons.

Sergio Lombroso Award in Cancer Research presented to
Dr. Pier Paoli Pandolfi, of the Sloan-Kettering Institute, was presented with the Sergio Lombroso Award in Cancer Research.

NSF's newest observatories featured at American Astronomical Society meeting
Learn about astronomy developments supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF) at the American Astronomical Society meeting in Pasadena, Calif., June 3-7, 2001.

Researchers to test skeletal muscle as replacement for damaged human heart muscle in humans
After demonstrating in 1998 that muscle cells taken from a rabbit's leg could replace severely damaged heart muscle cells in the animals, Duke University Medical Center researchers plan to see whether their novel approach will work in humans with damaged hearts.

Vitamin deficiency may exacerbate motor neuron disease
HHMI researchers have found evidence that suggests that insufficient amounts of folic acid and vitamin B12 in the diet may exacerbate spinal muscular atrophy, a genetic disease that attacks motor neurons.

Over a third of deaths after discharge from intensive care are preventable
Death after discharge from intensive care may be reduced by 39% if at risk patients were to stay in intensive care for another 48 hours, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

International scientists probe unsolved puzzles of the Earth and beyond at "Earth System Processes"
International scientists representing a variety of scientific disciplines will gather in Edinburgh, Scotland, next month to take an updated look at how the Earth (and other planets) work.

Simple test for asthma patients predicts length of hospital stay
Measuring the change in a patient's ability to blow three times in quick succession into a peak flow meter during an acute asthma attack predicts the length of time they will stay in hospital.

Express scripts study says prescription drug coverage for seniors may cost three to four times more than coverage for those under 65
A new study released today by Express Scripts (NASD:ESRX), one of the nation's leading pharmacy benefit managers (PBMs), examines the unique patterns of prescription drug usage among a commercially insured senior population, defined as those age 65 or older.

What it means to be a mammal: New clues from tiny fossil described in Science
A fossil mammal described in Science is the closest known relative to the living mammals, and possessed crucial mammalian features forty million years earlier than previously recognized in the fossil record.

Penn study finds signs folic acid and Vitamin B12 may lessen some ill effects of SMA
Scientists have found evidence suggesting that the severity of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) may be ameliorated by common vitamins.

Lehigh professor develops way to make plastics stronger, more environmentally friendly
Telephones, TV parts, the computer mouse at your fingertips, parts inside a PC, and other everyday products are made with plastics using a process called injection molding.

Perineal massage in labour fails to prevent perineal damage
A study in this week's BMJ finds that perineal massage during labour does not have any effect on the likelihood of an intact perineum or reduce the risk of persistent pain, sexual, urinary and faecal problems after childbirth.
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