Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 04, 2001
Annals of Internal Medicine, tip sheet, June 5, 2001
1). Home Monitoring System Shows Promise for Blood Pressure Control;2).

12-hour ADHD drug as effective as thrice daily doses
A new 12-hour formulation of the most commonly prescribed drug for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD, has proved to be as effective as the standard three-times-a- day dosing regimen, a clinical trial conducted by University at Buffalo researchers has shown.

New instrument enables remote detection of toxic algae in real time
Using the Environmental Sample Processor (ESP), a team of MBARI scientists and engineers detected the onset and development of a harmful algal bloom.

Computer recognizes abnormal heart sounds in children
An electronic stethoscope and a personal computer were used to distinguish innocent heart murmurs from those that may indicate a serious problem, and may help doctors render better medical decisions, researchers report in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

New map of the "nearby" universe reveals large-scale structure of galaxies
Astronomers presented a new view of the

Copper is crucial for embryonic deveopment, say U-M scientists
In the June 5 issue of PNAS, University of Michigan scientists report that copper and a protein/gene called Ctr1, which helps copper get inside cells, is essential for normal embryonic development.

Chandra sees wealth of black holes in star-forming galaxies
NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory has found new populations of suspected mid-mass black holes in several starburst galaxies, where stars form and explode at an unusually high rate.

Prenatal diagnosis of heart defect may reduce seizures and coma in newborns
Although fetal echocardiography is increasingly used to detect congenital heart defects before birth, its benefits have been questioned.

ACE inhibitor reduces the risk of kidney failure in hypertensives
People with kidney disease from high blood pressure have a better chance of reducing the risk of kidney failure if they take an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, according to a National Institutes of Health study in the Journal of the American Medical Association on June 6.

American Foundation for Urologic Disease names Senior PGA Tour champion Bruce Devlin Presidential Award winner
The American Foundation for Urologic Disease (A.F.U.D.) presented Senior PGA champion Bruce Devlin with its Presidential Award on June 4 for his efforts as a public advocate and spokesperson for the organization's

New PTSD study examines treatment methods
In an effort to help doctors treat Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), two Dartmouth Medical School professors are leading a nationwide psychotherapy research study they believe is the largest study of its kind.

Study: State's social service community meeting challenges of welfare reform
New research on welfare reform reveals dramatic, largely positive changes in social services across North Carolina, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill investigators say.

Very small galactic bulge could change ideas of galaxy formation
The nearby galaxy M33 has a much smaller central bulge than astronomers had previously thought -- or perhaps no bulge at all, according to astronomers at Ohio State University.

Montana drought sends paleontologists to field early for largest project in state's history
The threat of another bad fire season sent Jack Horner and crews to the field early this year for the largest paleontology project in Montana's history.

Probing the infinitesimal, Microscopy School at Lehigh U. is a big deal
The nearly-invisible world comes into focus every June at Lehigh University's two-week Microscopy School.

Arecibo finds radio beacons from colliding galaxies
When galaxies collide, they create radio beacons. Thanks to a recent upgrade of the radio telescope at Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico, 50 peculiar extragalactic objects called OH megamasers have been found, Cornell astronomers report.

Aspirin targets key cell that triggers organ rejection and other immune responses, report University of Pittsburgh researchers in journal article
University of Pittsburgh researchers have identified a new cellular target for aspirin, shedding light on the mechanisms of the most widely used drug in the world and raising a set of intriguing questions, including whether aspirin could be useful for preventing organ rejection.

HIV-positive women at high risk for pre-cancerous anal lesions, study shows
HIV-positive women are three times more likely than other women to develop lesions that can lead to anal cancer, new research shows.

Common prostate cancer treatment may cause severe bone loss, according to researchers at the University of Pittsburgh
Men may be losing bone at an alarming rate and increasing their risk of fracture as a result of a commonly used treatment for prostate cancer, according to researchers at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center.

Resistance training complements aerobic exercise for women
Resistance training burns calories for more than an hour after a workout and may be as important as aerobic exercise for women in the fight against fat, according to researchers at Johns Hopkins and Arizona State universities.

Elimination of household allergens and pets could reduce asthma nearly 45% among older children, ado
More than 2 million children and adolescents in the United States between the ages of 6 and 16 with asthma might not have the disease if risk factors were removed from the home, according to a new Children's Hospital Medical Center of Cincinnati study.

Copper is critical in early development
Researchers have discovered that a protein that escorts copper through cells is essential for the proper formation of organs and tissues.

Pit Viper takes bite out of worker radiation exposures
Radiation exposure to personnel working in highly contaminated nuclear tank waste equipment pits may be reduced by as much as 75 percent thanks to the Pit Viper, a remotely operated cleanup system unveiled today by the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

UM Greenebaum Cancer Center reports findings on new treatment approach for recurrent prostate cancer
Preliminary results indicate that giving men chemotherapy with a particular drug before hormonal therapy may potentially be an effective strategy in treating prostate cancer that has come back following surgery or radiation therapy.
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