Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 14, 2001
University of Pittsburgh leads major national study on treating patients who have diabetes and heart disease
Recruitment has begun for a national, 40-center study that will determine the best way to treat patients who have coronary artery disease and type 2 diabetes.

UCSD biologists identify 548 genes in the fruit fly likely to play a role in human genetic diseases
Biologists at the University of California, San Diego have identified genes in the common fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, that appear to be counterparts of genes responsible for more than 700 different genetic diseases in humans.

INTERSECT 2001
Electrical activity observed at every level in the universe, the interconnectedness of all things and the convergence of new scientific discoveries with ancient human records will be the special focus of this historic event.

Study uncovers structure of key molecule responsible for clearing drugs from the body
Chemists at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and GlaxoSmithKline have succeeded in determining the structure of a key molecule in the liver responsible for metabolizing more than 60 percent of drugs taken by humans.

Penn researchers explore the role of cell suicide in the development and treatment of cancer
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine researchers identified the essential role of two proteins, Bax and Bak, in apoptosis.

Strategies to cut risky sexual behaviour may do more harm than good
Strategies aimed at changing sexual behaviour to prevent the transmission of HIV should not be assumed to bring benefit and potentially may even do more harm than good, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

Study: placebo is safe, ethical for patients in short-term studies of hypertension drugs
The controversial practice of studying new drugs for hypertension by comparing them against an inactive

Bipolar disorder in kids focus of several studies presented at international meeting
Nearly one out of 100 kids worldwide have bipolar disorder, a mental illness characterized by swings between mania, or euphoric mood, and depression.

Researchers find potential mechanism linking obesity to type 2 diabetes
Problems with a protein buried deep within pancreatic beta cells may explain how obesity evolves into type 2 diabetes, according to new evidence from researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and their colleagues.

University of Pennsylvania physicists to discuss first results from Sudbury Neutrino Observatory on Monday
University of Pennsylvania researchers will discuss on Monday the first scientific results from Canada's Sudbury Neutrino Observatory, findings that will bolster the understanding of neutrinos from the sun, of the sun itself and of the effect of neutrinos on the evolution of the universe.

Update on death of research volunteer
After notifying a representative of the family of the volunteer who died at Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center following participation in a research study, Hopkins officials are releasing copies of the application sent to the Bayview Institutional Review Board for review, the approval notice to the faculty investigator and the approved version of the consent document for the hexamethonium study.

UMass sponsoring world environmental conference
The University of Massachusetts will co-sponsor a major international conference that will focus on petroleum contamination of the environment and include an examination of the Iraqi invasion damage that still exists in Kuwait.

Hopkins researchers combat sickle cell anemia in mice with 'mini-transplant'
Researchers at Johns Hopkins Children's Center report success in treating sickle cell disease in mice with a modified bone marrow transplant.

Berkeley Lab, industry team to create enhanced optical network devices
X-rays produced by the Advanced Light Source at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory will play a key role in enabling AXSUN Technologies to fabricate advanced micro- electromechanical structures (MEMS) used in the assembly of integrated photonic products.

'Grow-in-the-dark' algae may promise dietary supplements, glowing pigments, and more, say Science authors
By tinkering with a single gene, researchers have weaned photosynthetic algae off their dependence on sunlight and engineered them to grow and thrive in darkness.

Penn study findings reverse key chronology for development of Alzheimer's disease
Common scientific belief holds that the amyloid plaques that develop as part of Alzheimer's disease contribute to, or cause, the illness.

Natural 'lava lamp' draws sea floor patterns
Giant V-shaped ridges on the floor of the Atlantic Ocean are explained by a new theory developed by University of California, Davis, geologist Garrett Ito.

Vitamin C produces gene-damaging compounds, test-tube study in Science reports
Vitamin C, known to be a DNA-protecting

Radiation-resistant chips for sturdier satellites
Space is a tough environment for electronics. A burst of radiation from a solar flare can damage a satellite's delicate circuits and knock years off its working life.

Tacoma high school teacher wins regional chemistry teaching award
Steven Ufer, a chemistry teacher and department chair at Washington High School in Tacoma, Wash., is being honored with the Northwestern Regional High School Chemistry Teaching Award from the American Chemical Society.

Hawaii company, Michigan Tech researcher to build camera for finding extrasolar planetary systems
A Hawaii-based small business has received a $4.18 million grant to build a camera to study the origin and evolution of extrasolar planetary systems.

UC Davis FutureTruck team wins first place
Engineering students from the University of California, Davis, have won overall first place in the national FutureTruck competition.

Bipolar disorder in children appears more severe than in most adults
Child psychiatry researchers from Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Biologists discover protein's impace on plant-water balance
Researchers at Penn State and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have discovered that a protein in plant guard cells impacts how well a plant holds water.

UT Southwestern researchers find another clue to secrets of cellular aging
A discovery by UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas scientists that genes near human telomeres can be silenced may help explain how and why humans age.

Gene that directs fate of many embryonic stem cells identified
Scientists have identified the gene that prompts embryonic stem cells to generate precursors to most internal organs.

Huntington's disease: Italian discovery may suggest a new approach for developing therapies
Like a good parent, the huntingtin protein helps to safeguard key nerve cells in the brain.

Polluted clouds might bring patchy cooling in a warming world
As the Earth's average temperature has risen in the last half-century with the buildup of greenhouse gases, many scientists have come to see clouds as the biggest puzzle in interpreting the planet's changing climate picture, since they reflect so much of the sun's heat into space.

Planetary hit-and-run among creative ideas nudged by NASA
An ASU-led team has received funding to develop a concept for a new

Muddy waters: letting the Gulf of Mexico breathe again
Protecting the Gulf of Mexico from polluted runoff could mean creating or restoring at least enough wetlands and forested area to equal all of West Virginia.

Hubble pictures show single stars in distant galaxy
Astronomers have for the first time taken infrared pictures of individual stars in a galaxy called NGC 3379, about 30 million light years from Earth.

Presbyterians vote in favor of fetal, embryonic, and stem cell research
The General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church overwhelmingly affirms the use of fetal tissue and embryonic tissue for vital research, including the use of human stem cell tissue for research that may result in the restoring of health to those suffering from serious illness.

Kids demand fewer new toys when they cut down on TV
Watching less television may curb children's appetites for new toys, suggest the results of a preliminary study.

Satellite images studied for clues to solving urban sprawl
Satellites use remote sensors so responsive they allow scientists to see Antarctic ice moving.

UNC, Penn State scientists find gene that controls water retention in plants
Scientists at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, working with colleagues at Pennsylvania State University, have identified a gene responsible for controlling water retention and cell division in plants.

High blood pressure and cholesterol levels increase risk of Alzheimer's
A combination of raised blood pressure and high cholesterol levels in midlife, greatly increases the risk of Alzheimer's disease in later life, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

Study finds changes in hormone levels in men who become fathers
June 2001 The following stories detail news from Mayo Clinic.
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