Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 27, 2001
The first cuneiform digital library on the internet
Researchers see new possibilities in reconstructing knowledge of early cultures / Cooperation among the Berlin Vorderasiatisches Museum, the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science and the University of California at Los Angeles.

Cedars-Sinai Medical Tip Sheet for June 2001
This month's medical tip sheet from Cedars-Sinai Medical Center includes the following topics: 1) New experimental artificial disc for spinal disorders 2) Baker's dozen weight management tips 3) New diagnostic tool improves detection of lung cancer that has spread 4) New hope on the horizon for allergy sufferers - Anti IgE drugs; 5) Expert on medical aspects of organ transplantation receives prestigous award

Climate change and coral reefs
Corals are sensitive to their environment, but their fate may be determined this next century by the relative rates and timing of sea level rise, global warming, and other anthropogenic impacts.

Venus holds clues to finding Earth's platinum and diamonds
Modern Venus is similar to early Earth when precious resources were formed.

Lehigh U. Professor's invention detects enemy infiltrators
LOTS is a short acronym with a tall future as a life saver for U.S. troops in future combat situations.

Carnegie Mellon hosts international conference about computational and organizational analysis
Carnegie Mellon University will host

NYU researcher unlocks mystery of recurring hole in Antarctica's sea ice
NYU ocean scientist David Holland has found a long-sought explanation for a naturally occurring hole in the winter ice of Antarctica's Weddell Sea.

Does nessie stir when the earth shakes?
The Loch Ness Monster could be the result of earthquakes, according to Dr.

A disturbance in the "force" caused the K-T impact?
This disturbance is more mysterious than Darth Vader. UCLA scientists believe it occurred within the Solar System 65 mya.

People say they are unique but don't seem to believe it, study finds
A study of 152 Brown University students found the way in which students viewed themselves greatly affected how they viewed others in their social group.

Report evaluates microbial threats to water quality
New molecular techniques and recent advances in the science of microbiology can make the detection of harmful microorganisms and contaminated water faster and more accurate than ever, a new report from the American Academy of Microbiology says.

University of Georgia unveils technique to improve success rate of cattle cloning
Researchers at the University of Georgia today announced a technique which may dramatically improve the success rate of cattle cloning, and displayed eight cloned cattle ranging in age from two months to four months as evidence of their success.

UCSD researchers decipher molecular "code" capable of controlling plant water loss during droughts
Scientists have succeeded in decipjhering the chemical signaling mechanism that allows plants to close their stomata

Side effects of breast cancer treatment offer research direction
In a sweeping review of 25 years of research into the side effects of adjuvant treatment for breast cancer, an Ohio State University cancer expert says adjuvant therapy reduces mortality, causes side effects which are mostly reversible, and causes little or no increase in long-term cardiac toxicity and second cancers.

Walking proteins need to rock and roll, new study finds
The living cell has been compared to a train station at rush hour, but unlike a congested city commute, cellular traffic is efficient, thanks in part to the protein kinesin - a motor molecule that hauls chromosomes and other vital cargo on microtubule tracks.

The Goldilocks effect: How other earths form just right
A stellar nursery rich in carbon, oxygen, iron, and silicon in the right combination can make Earth-like planets.

I've looked at clouds (and global weather) from both sides now
Patrick De Deckker (Australian National University) discovered that past sea-level changes altered the ratio of land to sea in the Indo-Pacific Warm Pool and these changes had significant effects on the formation of deep-convective clouds.

Russia to bring space shuttle back from the grave
Russia plans to reassert itself as a major power in space by resurrecting the Buran space shuttle, a relic of the Soviet era.

Biting may drive division of labor among social wasp workers
Popular wisdom reminds people not to bite the hand that feeds them.

Rare orbital anomaly may have caused global cooling
A rare coincidence of orbital cycles may have caused sudden global cooling 23 million years (Ma) ago, according to scientists, who used high resolution records and new techniques that allow astronomical calibration to be extended much further back in time.

Study points to unexpected treatment for type 1 diabetes
Mass. General researchers have shown that an unexpectedly simple treatment cures type 1 diabetes in mice.

Mass extinction at the Triassic-Jurassic boundary
What pulled the trigger at the Triassic-Jurassic boundary that wiped out 20% of all marine families, most non- dinosaurian archosaurs and therapsids, and the last large amphibians?

Healing the waters: A holistic Native American Indian approach
For the Pacific Northwest Indian tribes, integrating spirituality and science is a practical reality and a way to keep precious resources vibrant for future generations.

Where there's soup, there's life
Gourmet geochemical

New statistical method links multiple genes to common complex diseases
Researchers at Vanderbilt University have applied a new statistical approach that makes it possible to identify multiple gene interactions to link four DNA variations in three genes with increased risk of sporadic breast cancers.

Snowball fight in Edinburgh
A Snowball Earth session and workshop brings together advocates, antagonists, and undecideds who are experts in geology, atmospheric science, marine geochemistry, and evolutionary biology.

Scientists decipher "fail-safe" system that limits gene copying in cells
Our cells constantly flirt with disaster: Before each division, they duplicate hundreds -- often thousands -- of DNA snippets from each chromosome.

Subglacial volcanoes (and life?) on Mars
Meredith Payne and Jack Farmer (Arizona State University) have researched subglacial volcanic eruption areas on Mars to look for potential water environments.

Wetland loss still outweighs gain despite 20 years of progress
Twenty years of restoring and creating wetlands has not stopped the loss of wetlands in America, according to a new NRC report that

Technique to analyze steadiness of marksmen's aim may help patients with tremors
A new approach to analyzing the steadiness of a marksman's aim, developed by researchers from Penn State and the University of Verona, Italy, eventually may also be useful in diagnosing and monitoring tremors in patients with neuro- muscular disorders.
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