Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 19, 2001
American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for July (1st Issue)
Newsworthy research in the 1st issue for July of the American Thoracic Society journal includes a study revealing the most cost-effective, efficient, and successful method of uncovering active tuberculosis in jail inmates; research showing upper respiratory disease detected in chronic heartburn patients who suffer from acid reflux; and an article demonstrating how a compound in apples is associated with improvement in symptoms for chronic pulmonary disease.

Rutgers' black hole discovery: The first galaxy without one or the smallest black hole yet?
Using the Hubble Space Telescope Imaging Spectroscope, astronomers from Rutgers' Supermassive Black Hole Research Group have made an exciting discovery.

New mapping technique for earlier detection of Alzheimer's disease
An Early Report in this week's issue of THE LANCET outlines an imaging technique that could identify the early progression of Alzheimer's disease before the onset of clinical symptoms.

New system developed for removing contaminants from storm run-off
A University of Rhode Island researcher is using shredded wood in a new system for filtering out contaminants from storm water that runs off roadways.

This summer, Camp Calcium is where the boys are
For the first time, teenage boys were invited to attend Camp Calcium on the Purdue University campus this summer, and 47 young males accepted the invitation.

Study casts doubt on value of emergency breathing procedure
For more than 20 years, paramedics in Britain have performed emergency intubation (passing a breathing tube into the windpipe to deliver oxygen to the lungs of trauma patients) without using anaesthesia.

First oral contraceptive with new class of progestin, Yasmin (R), now available in pharmacies
Berlex Laboratories, Inc., a U.S. affiliate of Schering AG, Germany (NYSE:SHR), announced today that YASMIN® (drospirenone and ethinyl estradiol), a new, low-dose, monophasic oral contraceptive containing the novel progestin drospirenone is now available to U.S. women in pharmacies nationwide.

New sensitive assessment method for the detection of vCJD
A new sensitive method for the detection of disease-related prion protein in variant Creutzfeldt Jakob disease (vCJD) is described in this week's issue of THE LANCET.

NHS breast screening targets need to be reviewed
Women who attend the NHS breast screening programme have a higher risk of breast cancer than women who decline to participate, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

Psychotherapy can help suicidal patients
Deliberate self poisoning is one of the commonest reasons for admission to hospital in the United Kingdom, but there are no effective treatments available.

Chandra detects halo of hot gas around Milky Way-like galaxy
The first unambiguous evidence for a giant halo of hot gas around a nearby, spiral galaxy much like our own Milky Way was found by astronomers using NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory.

TIGR completes study providing insight into infectious strain of bacterium that causes otitis, pneumonia and meningitis
Investigators at The Institute for Genomic Research (TIGR) today announced that they have determined the complete genome sequence of a virulent isolate (a very infectious strain) of Streptococcus pneumoniae or pneumococcus, the bacterium which causes over 3 million children and even more elderly people to die every year from pneumonia or meningitis.

Examining The Science Behind Nutraceuticals: Proceedings of the AAPS Dietary Supplements Forum
AAPS Press, a division of the American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists (AAPS), announces the publication of a book that explores the science and quality issues of nutraceuticals.

Minor mutations in HIV virus have major impact
Researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) published a study in this week's Nature indicating that HIV can mutate key proteins in order to hide from an immune attack, and once these mutations occur they persist.

University of Pittsburgh researcher provides first-ever definition of HIV-associated lipodystrophy
An AIDS researcher from the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health (GSPH) today proposed the first definition of HIV-associated lipodystrophy syndrome (HIV-LS)-- the set of physical and metabolic changes that many individuals develop primarily while on HIV drug therapy.

New treatment guidelines recommend bisphosphonates as first-line therapy for prevention and treatment of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis
New treatment guidelines published in the current issue of Arthritis and Rheumatism by the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) recommend bisphosphonates as first-line therapy in conjunction with calcium and vitamin D for preventing and treating glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIO), or steroid-induced bone loss.

Cystic fibrosis patients show too little salt in lungs, will need long-lasting treatments
UNC scientists have discovered cystic fibrosis patients suffer from too little salt in their lungs.

Patients resistant to blood pressure treatment do take their drugs
Poor compliance with treatment is believed to be the most frequent reason why many patients with high blood pressure (hypertension) do not respond to drug treatment.

Scientists identify methane-consuming microbes from ocean depths
Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI) microbiologists report in the 20 July 2001 issue of the journal Science on new techniques that combine the identification of microorganisms with their biogeochemical activity.

Branding pays in the charity sector
Charities can significantly increase their income from voluntary donations by employing fundraising managers who are firmly committed to branding, according to new ESRC-funded research.

Marine methane consumed by consortia of bacteria
Methane consuming archaeobacteria and sulfate-reducing bacteria, acting together, are responsible for consuming most of the methane in the world's oceans, according to a team of microbiologists and geoscientists.

Early case of resistance to new antibiotic
A fast-track research letter published in this week's issue of THE LANCET describes the case of a patient whose infecting bacterium developed resistance to one of the new so-called bug-busting antibiotics.

Fly fishermen suffer same maladies as other weekend warriors
The sport of fly fishing conjures up images of a solitary angler, wading in a cool, pristine wilderness stream, using guile to entice an unsuspecting fish to bite on his hand-crafted fly.

Earth likely to warm 4-7 degrees by 2100
There's a nine out of ten chance that global average temperatures will rise 3-9 degrees Fahrenheit over the coming century, with a 4-7 degree increase most likely, according to a new probability analysis by scientists in the United States and Europe.

World-first program to manage autistic children during medical procedures
Between two and five of every 10,000 children are diagnosed with autism.

Driving lessons in schools could increase teenage road deaths
A UK government road safety programme that aims to reduce road deaths in young drivers is criticised by authors of a study in this week's issue of THE LANCET.

Pneumococcus genome sequence completed
Univ. of Illinois at Chicago biologist Donald Morrison is part of a team led by The Institute for Genomic Research which successfully sequenced the complete genome of a virulent strain of pneumococcus.

New study supports view that third generation pill increases risk of blood clots
Women taking third generation oral contraceptives have a 1.7 fold increased risk of venous clotting (thrombosis) compared with those taking second generation oral contraceptives, concludes a study in this week's BMJ.
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