Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 23, 2001
Pressing need to separate CPG wheat from chaff
High-quality clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) have the potential to improve care and patient outcomes, but many clinicians argue that there are too many, and particularly, too many of dubious quality.

Patients with diabetes can test new glucose monitoring device that just might make finger prick test obsolete
The University of Maryland Joslin Diabetes Center will be one of 10 centers nationwide studying a potential new tool that, if effective, would be

Intercure Scientific Advisory Board convenes to review company's resperate medical device for hypertension
International Hypertensive Experts Sees Potential for Broad Acceptance of RESPERATE by Physicians, Patients Alike In the Treatment of High Blood Pressure InterCure, Ltd.

Arctic ecosystems being nibbled away
The Arctic's fragile ecosystems are threatened by disturbances from petroleum development to ecotourism.

Study ties stuttering to anatomical differences in the brain
Stuttering has been long thought to be caused by emotional factors, but researchers who studied adults with persistent stuttering found that these individuals had anatomical irregularities in the areas of the brain that control language and speech.

Paul Ehrlich named Eminent Ecologist for 2001
Prof.Paul R. Ehrlich is the recipient of this year's Eminent Ecologist Award from the Ecological Society of America (ESA).

NASA helps conservation biologists get the big picture
NASA's views of Earth -- from satellite images to photographs taken by astronauts -- can give conservation biologists the big picture of how our planet and the life on it are changing, from forest fragmentation to the possible link between UV-B radiation and amphibian declines.

Paxil treats major depression in adolescents, study finds
Paxil is a safe and effective treatment for major depression in adolescents, suggests a Brown-led study in the current Journal of the Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.

Depression worsens outcome in diabetes
A diabetic person's emotional state may affect the progression of complications of the disease.

Providing a bigger view: New imaging device offers better conditions for cancer treatment planning
Sometimes bigger is better: a new

Religion may help lower blood pressure in African-Americans
Among African-Americans, those reporting higher levels of religious belief had lower blood pressure in the clinic setting, during workday activities and during sleep.

Banning animals from the bedroom could reduce Chagas Disease risk, say Science researchers
Keeping domesticated animals out of bedrooms could help reduce the risk of deadly Chagas disease infection in rural areas of Central and South America, according to a new report in the 27 July issue of the international journal, Science.

Anthropologists' book examines current state of archaeology
The beginning of a new century is an ideal time to take stock of the archaeological endeavor.

Hospice care in nursing homes can reduce end-of-life hospital stays
The presence of hospice care in a nursing home cuts cumbersome and costly hospital stays for elderly residents in the last days of life, says a new Brown study in the American Journal of Medicine.

Managers find it hard to care
Managers find it far more difficult to juggle a successful career with caring responsibilities than professional workers such as doctors.

Stem-cell research: Drawing the line
Please use the link below to view THE LANCET Editorial (21/07/01) entitled 'Stem-cell research:drawing the line'.

Signs of suicidal tendencies found hidden in dead poets' writings
An analysis of the use of certain words may uncover hidden signs of suicidal tendencies in writers of poetry.

New guidelines for sentinel lymph node biopsy for breast cancer
Just as laparoscopic surgery did in the late 1980s, sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLN) is a promising new medical technique that is gaining popularity before the medical community has had time to provide adequate training and put the procedure into practice in a safe and organized manner.

California Technology Institute Cal-(IT)2 signs up new partner Enosys Markets
San Diego and Irvine--The California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology, a partnership between UC San Diego and UC Irvine, has signed up a new industrial partner: Enosys Markets, a San Diego-based software firm.

A letter to President Bush
Dr. Wise Young, director of the W. M. Keck Center for Collaborative Neuroscience at Rutgers, has sent a letter to the president of the United States expressing his concerns on the stem cell controversy and advancing some new perspectives.

NIMH sponsors community forum on AIDS in Los Angeles
U.S. Surgeon General David Satcher, M.D., Ph.D., and NIMH Director Steven E.

Scientists to acquire gulfstream jet for climate and weather research
The National Center for Atmospheric Research announced today that it will begin negotiations to purchase and modify a Gulfstream G-V aircraft for use in wide-ranging environmental research supported by the National Science Foundation.

New multislice CT scanner speeds diagnosis and treatment for patients at the University of Maryland Medical Center
The University of Maryland Medical Center has begun using a sophisticated new imaging tool called the multislice CT scanner, which speeds diagnosis and treatment of patients, including trauma patients with severe injuries.

Fish-stocking may spread amphibian disease
New research shows that hatchery-reared fish can spread a fungus implicated in the mass deaths of amphibian embryos in the Pacific Northwest.

The power of positive thinking
Donald Cole and coauthors conducted a systematic review of the literature to determine how patients' recovery expectations affected health outcomes.

American Heart Association issues cautions on hormone replacement therapy for cardiovascular disease
The American Heart Association today advised physicians against prescribing hormone replacement therapy (HRT) for the sole purpose of preventing heart attacks and strokes in women who already have cardiovascular disease, according to recommendations published in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Texas tortoise and cattle can co-exist
The conventional wisdom is that tortoises and cattle don't mix.

Warmer climate linked to earlier frog calling
Bolstering evidence that climate warming is hastening biological signs of spring, new research shows that frogs are calling up to two weeks earlier near Ithaca, New York.

Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center participates In largest-ever prostate cancer prevention trial
Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center today begins enrolling healthy men age 55 and older in the largest-ever prostate cancer prevention study, to determine if selenium and vitamin E prevent prostate cancer.
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