Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 26, 2001
Famous coral reefs damaged due to global warming will take a century to recover, says new research.
AS world leaders continue to debate climate change, new research has revealed reefs damaged as a result of global warming in one of the world's most exclusive diving areas (Rangiroa, French Polynesia) will take at least a century to recover.

Racing to unlock the secrets of the ocean floor
Down deep in the dark, cold ocean waters, unseen by humans for all eons of preceding time, communities of strange life forms thrive.

Health service in "political denial" about need for rationing, claims leading economist
The main policy issue for the National Health Service is not whether to ration health and social care, but how to do it, says leading health economist, Professor Alan Maynard.

Scientists examine the seas our ancestors fished to better understand today's changing oceans
Imagine the world's oceans teeming with whales, sea turtles and fishes, with shellfish so abundant they posed a hazard to navigation.

Sandia to release first risk-based approach to building management software for use by GSA-- Tool against terrorism and other disasters
RAMPART, software developed by Sandia National Laboratories that is the first risk-based approach to building management, may soon help the General Services Administration (GSA) assess the risks of terrorism, natural disasters and crime to the nearly 8,000 federal buildings it manages nationwide.

New finding may identify unknown agents of mad-cow disease
UIC researchers, working with yeast, have found that the presence of one prion protein can spark the formation of other unrelated prions.

Health system fails children exposed to domestic violence
Children whose mothers are victims of domestic violence are at high risk of physical and psychological ill health, yet these children are being failed by the health system, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

Austrian scientists identify gene involved in recurrent miscarriages
Austrian researchers have identified a gene that may be a contributory cause of recurrent unexplained miscarriages.

Battle to save last stronghold of the red squirrel
A unique conservation plan is stopping England's biggest surviving population of red squirrels, at the 200 square mile Kielder Forest District from dying out in 11 years time due to a lack of food.

Cellular organelle evolved repeatedly
NWO researchers have discovered that in the course of evolution hydrogenosomes repeatedly evolved from mitochondria.

Teaching old pains new tricks: Links with learning and memory provide clues why pain persists
Some people just learn about pain all too well. That's the growing notion among neuroscientists and anesthesiologists, who are finding evidence that chronic, persistent pain, including the phantom pain experienced by many amputees and people with spinal cord injuries, is learned, much like our own memories.

Eating transgenic sausages
A freak incident in Florida left nine people eating transgenic sausages - possibly the first time anyone has ever eaten genetically modified meat.

Children in care are at greater risk of death
Children in care are more likely to die before age 18 compared with the general population of the same age, conclude researchers from Finland in this week's BMJ.

Poking holes in pathogens: scientists at The Scripps research institute build a new class of nanotube 'smart drugs'
Scientists at The Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, a part of The Scripps Research Institute, have published a paper in the current issue of Nature describing a broad nanochemical approach for designing drugs to combat such problems as infections with antibiotic resistant bacteria.

New stabilization system brings unmanned helicopters to journalism, law enforcement, agriculture, utilities
Unmanned helicopters are about to become easy to operate and affordable thanks to a stabilization system developed at the entrepreneurial incubator program at the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology in Haifa.

Low income smokers support smuggling to maintain habit
Low income smokers living in socially deprived areas view cigarette and tobacco smuggling as a positive way of dealing with the increasing costs of cigarettes, concludes a study in this week's BMJ.

Operations researchers correctly deduce 97% of NCAA 'big dance' teams chosen in secret
Using a math model to penetrate the secret deliberations of the NCAA Tournament Committee, two operations researchers say they can predict the college basketball teams to be chosen for the NCAA

Discovery will change the way researchers look at DNA transcription, scientists say
The UNC scientists have found a previously unknown chemical site on a key enzyme that regulates production of the genetic messenger known as RNA.

Want caring sharing kids?
If you want your kids to learn to share nicely with their toys, get them a virtual playmate.

Scientists detect clue to material's unusual electrical properties
Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory are studying a mysterious material that may lead to significant advances in the miniaturization of electronics.

Benefits outweigh burden of chemotherapy
The benefits of adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer outweigh its side-effects, especially for younger women, conclude authors of a study in this week's issue of THE LANCET.

Excessive fishing prompted coastal ecosystems to collapse, but wise management now will help
Historians, paleontologists, archaeologists, biologists and other scientists have collaborated to present evidence of what humans have lost and what might be done to restore former abundances of whales, manatees, monk seals, swordfish, sea turtles, and other marine life.

Scientists discover formula for long-life rechargeable batteries
If you're tired of cell phones and laptops that quickly lose their charge -- or worse, their ability to be recharged -- help may be on the way from the U.S.

West Nile virus infection greater than previously thought
A detailed analysis of the 1999 New York City outbreak of West Nile virus suggests that a substantial - and previously undiagnosed - outbreak of West Nile fever accompanied the 59 cases of West Nile meningoencephalitis, in which seven people died.

Deprived areas show greatest increase in teenage pregnancies
From the 1980s to the 1990s rates of teenage pregnancy in Scotland increased more rapidly in areas of greater socioeconomic deprivation, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

Scientists call for development of ecological forecasting
A broad consortium of scientists has proposed a concerted effort by researchers and policymakers to develop the ability to forecast ecological change in areas ranging from small plots to the entire globe.

UC Davis study shows syringe-exchange programs effective in reducing the spread of AIDS
In a blow to critics of syringe-exchange programs, a new UC Davis study shows that the controversial programs do reduce injection drug users' HIV risk.

APS promotes innovative science teaching practices with "Frontiers in Physiology"
The American Physiological Society host 14 Teachers on a week-long retreat as part of their Summer Research Teacher's Program.

How babies acquire building blocks of speech affects later reading and language ability
One of the scientists leading the effort to understand exactly how infants go about learning language told a White House Summit on Early Childhood Cognitive Development today that the fundamental steps in language acquisition laterplay acritical role in the ability to read.

PENNTAP helps Mexico establish technical assistance program
PENNTAP, Penn State's Pennsylvania Technical Assistance Program, in partnership with the National Technology Transfer Center (NTTC) at Wheeling Jesuit University, recently provided training for the first corps of agents pioneering a new technical assistance program in Mexico based on the PENNTAP model.

Scientists map the complete genome of an important agricultural bacterium
An international research team has decoded the genome of an important microbe that provides an essential source of nitrogen for plants, people and other living organisms on Earth.

Antisocial children are a financial drain on society, but parental training can help
Children who display antisocial behaviour cost society 10 times more than those with no problems and are at high risk of lifelong social exclusion, concludes a study in this week's BMJ.

Researchers tackle search engine 'information overload'
Researchers at Newcastle University, England, have found a way of tackling a major world wide information retrieval problem - information overload.

Carnegie Mellon study provides conclusive evidence that cell phones distract drivers
By studying images of the brain at work, Carnegie Mellon University scientists have concluded that we cannot converse on cell phones without distracting our brains from the task of driving.

Researchers first to catalogue interactions of an organism's proteins
A team of scientists at North Carolina State University has played a key role in the first analysis of the function of all of an organism's important proteins, the main building blocks of all living organisms.

Brookhaven lab and caithness operating company win R&D 100 Award for a technology to recover silica from geothermal brine
The U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, in collaboration with Caithness Operating Company of Reno, Nevada, won a 2001 R&D 100 Award for developing a technology to recover commercial-quality silica from geothermal brine, a byproduct of geothermal energy production.

Cannabis on trial
The potential benefits of smoked cannabis as a pain-reliever are about to be examined by researchers at the McGill Pain Centre.

New model for early meningitis detection
A meningitis incidence threshold of 10 cases per 100 000 inhabitants in just 1 week - lower than previously recommended by the WHO - can reliably be used to confirm an epidemic in time to implement vaccination programmes, conclude authors of a study in this week's issue of THE LANCET.

New evidence of effects of environmental factors on male fertility
French and Argentinean researchers have found new evidence that environmental factors are contributing to male infertility and that they may worsen pre-existing genetic or medical risks.

Overfishing sets the stage for other problems in marine ecosystems
Overfishing of key marine animals such as cod, oysters, sea turtles and other species is the primary cause leading to a variety of problems that have appeared recently in coastal waters around the world, according to an article published this week in the journal Science.

Cover story in Science reveals historical overkill of marine Megafauna triggered current ocean crises
While recent reports suggest Stone Age hunters drove dozens of species of huge land creatures to extinction, the cover story of the July 27 edition of Science describes the ecological extinctions of marine megafauna--vast populations of whales, manatees, dugongs, monk seals, sea turtles, swordfish, sharks, giant codfish and rays--from overfishing at a global scale never before realized.

Scientists: Collapse of coastal ecosystems tied to past overfishing
Dying coral reefs, dwindling shellfish populations, shrinking seagrass beds and other collapses of the world's coastal ecosystems are often blamed on pollution or global warming.

A pill for reversible suppression of periods - a new option
Two new types of antiprogestins that can suppress menstruation and could end the monthly misery many women suffer have passed their first tests in animals, US scientists report in Europe's leading reproductive medicine journal, Human Reproduction,

Infliximab could prevent sight loss from Behcet's disease
A drug used to treat rheumatoid arthritis and Crohn's disease could play an important role in preventing sight loss associated with the inflammatory disorder Behcet's disease, suggest authors of a fast-track research letter published in this week's issue of THE LANCET.
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