Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 01, 2001
Many law enforcement officers leave loaded guns unlocked
While publicly promoting firearm safety, some law enforcement officers do not store their guns safely at home.

GLUT4 in membrane ruffles
In normal myocytes, insulin treatment activates glucose uptake to the muscle by promoting the cell surface delivery of cytoplasmic storage vesicles that contain the glucose transporter GLUT4.

University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine establishes residency training program in Japan
The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and UPMC Health System have signed an agreement to assist Teine Keijinkai Hospital in Sapporo, Japan, to establish and operate a U.S.-style residency training program in internal medicine.

Adversaries would find other attack methods, game theory shows
As Congress ponders a $3 billion increase in funding for a national missile defense system, University of Illinois professor Julian Palmore is looking at the program's prospects for success from a mathematician's perspective.

Uninsured, medicaid patients more likely to die from heart attack
A new study finds that patients with public health insurance are more likely to die from a heart attack than patients with private insurance, pointing to a seeming inequity in the delivery of costly life-saving procedures.

The glory of a nearby star
For the first time, optical light has been observed from a stellar corona other than that of the Sun.

Counseling improves safe sex practices among HIV-positive individuals
A behavioral intervention program that teaches strategies for practicing safe sex to HIV-positive men and women reduces both the incidence of risky sex behavior and transmission of the virus, according to a new study.

How subs can radio home from underwater
For submarines to contact satellites, ships or aircraft, they have to surface.

Harnessing the autoimmune response
Molecular mimicry, structural similarity between viral proteins and host molecules, is thought to explain the genesis of self-specific antibodies in autoimmune disease.

Community activism helps curb homelessness
Homeless people with mental illness fare better if they live in cities and towns with high levels of community activism.

Nanoparticles 'tailor' complex fluids for photonics, ceramics applications
Researchers at the University of Illinois have discovered a fundamentally new approach for tailoring the stability of colloidal suspensions.

Therapy to help women reduce their concerns about gaining weight found to be effective in helping them to stop smoking
Researchers have found that a treatment program that focuses on reducing women's concerns about gaining weight after stopping smoking is the first treatment to signficantly improve smoking cessation in weight-concerned women.

Remaining steeped in native culture results in inactive lifestyle for Mexican Americans, UB study shows
Mexican Americans in the U.S. who speak primarily Spanish and are less

Simple handwashing reduces rates of respiratory illness
A little soap and water go a long way toward preventing illness, a piece of common sense dramatically demonstrated by an experiment with Navy recruits who had 45 percent fewer bouts of respiratory illnesses after being ordered to wash their hands frequently.

Supercomputing center partners with Institute for Systems Biology
Supercomputers that have helped to analyze global climate change, space physics and ocean currents will be harnessed to solve equally intense problems in biology under a new partnership between the Institute for Systems Biology (ISB) and the Arctic Region Supercomputing Center (ARSC) at the University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF).

Cloud busters
Cloudy weather threatening sports fixtures could be banished with just a sprinkling of powder.

Israeli teams grows heart cells and insulin producing cells from human embryonic stem cells
Researchers at the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology have for the first time succeeded in growing the precursors of heart cells from human embryonic stems cells.

NIH awards grant to Metaphore to study cancer co-therapy drug
The National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has awarded a six-month $104,000 Small Business and Innovation Research (SBIR) grant to MetaPhore Pharmaceuticals, Inc. to study a potential new co-therapy for advanced skin and kidney cancers.

Estrogen, soy boost recovery in hearts after surgery, studies show
Extensive damage to cells, reduced nitric oxide production and too much calcium buildup.

Microchannel technology bodes well for ammonia as refrigerant
Modern microchannel tube technology - widely used in the automotive industry for heat exchangers - offers an excellent opportunity to rethink the use of ammonia as a refrigerant, say scientists at the University of Illinois.

Artifact analyses dispute assumptions about a prehistoric society
Fragments of red stone artifacts - bits of smoking pipes, decorative ear lobe spools and a figurine, all plucked out of rich prehistoric soil in the U.S.

Law enforcement officers leaving loaded guns unlocked, study shows
Law enforcement officers, who publicly promote firearm safety, often do not store their own guns safely at home, a new University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill study suggests.

Mayo Clinic study links excess weight with early heart attack
Obese heart attack patients eight years younger than those of normal weight.

Optical technique studies brain activity without surgery on skull
A non-invasive diagnostic tool that can study changes occurring at the surface of the brain because of brain activity has been developed by scientists at the University of Illinois.

The protective role of secreted CD14
The acute-phase response to the presence of LPS or other bacterial metabolites, a key aspect of host defense against infection, can unfortunately be fatal in its own right.

New long-necked dinosaur in Madagascar
The fossilized remains of a new, nearly complete longnecked sauropod dinosaur were recently unearthed on the island of Madagascar.

Stress of neighborhood noise, pollution can undermine health
Researchers in London have found that high levels of neighborhood problems, such as noise, unsafe areas, smells, fumes and litter contribute, along with lifestyle choices, to levels of daily stress that can have health consequences.

CWRU researchers study life after cancer for older Americans
The first of three rounds of interviews with elderly white and African American survivors of breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer has yielded one of the first looks at how the disease affects older Americans.

Diabetes significantly increases women's long-term risk for dying after a heart attack
Women who have diabetes have a substantially greater risk of dying a few years after suffering a heart attack than do non-diabetic women, according to a study led by researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center.

Discovery of ax heads furthers understanding of Cahokian society
A team of University of Illinois archaeologists, including students, working under a blazing summer sun on a high hill near O'Fallon, Ill., have made a rare find.

Few drawbacks to following low-fat, high-fiber diet
Eating a healthy diet that is low in fat, high in fiber and rich in fruits and vegetables may seem fraught with sacrifice, but it actually adds to a sense of personal satisfaction.

Cancer diagnostic method could reduce biopsies
Doctors may one day be able to diagnose breast cancer with better accuracy using a new imaging method being developed at Ohio State University.

Monsanto and researchers celebrate first anniversary of sharing rice genome sequence data
One year after Monsanto Company made its draft rice genome sequence data available to the worldwide research community, the data has significantly expanded scientific knowledge and accelerated research projects.

Earlier weaning, high-energy diet produce higher quality beef
Cattle weaned early and put immediately on high-energy finishing diets produce more high-quality beef with less waste fat than traditionally later-weaned-and-finished cattle, according to a series of research projects at the University of Illinois.

Past domestic violence predicts future risk for women
Screening tests may help identify women at risk for domestic violence, according to a new study.

Damage of divorce on teens evident before break-up is final
Many of the problems seen in adolescents of divorced parents are evident before the divorce is final, according to a new nationwide study.

Breast biopsies to become a thing of the past
A quick way to distinguish benign breast tumours from malignant ones, without the need for intrusive biopsies, is under development.

Solar storms destroy ozone, study reconfirms
A new study confirms a long-held theory that large solar storms rain electrically charged particles down on Earth's atmosphere and deplete the upper-level ozone for weeks to months thereafter.
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