Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 15, 2001
Fatal thrombotic disease in designer mice lacking vascular thrombomodulin
The protein C pathway, which is initiated by the interaction of thrombin with the vascular surface protein thrombomodulin (TM), provides an important brake on blood clotting.

Writer's cramp may be linked to obsessive-compulsive symptoms
Frequent writer's cramp may be a sign of an obsessive-compulsive personality trait.

Huge increase in tobacco deaths in progress
If current smoking patterns persist, tobacco is set to cause one third of all deaths among middle aged men in China over the next few decades, predict researchers in this week's BMJ.

Postraumatic vaccination for spinal cord injury
Here Hauben and coworkers explore a remarkable strategy by which animals may be vaccinated against the effects of spinal cord injury.

Berkeley lab receives funding to develop new computational tools for advancing scientific research
Scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory will help lead the development of a new generation of tools and technologies for scientific computing under a new $57 million program announced by the Department of Energy.

Clone farm
Factory farming could soon enter a new era of mass production.

Integrins and signaling in psoriasis
The development of keratinocytes in the skin provides one of the clearest examples of a regulated change in cellular adhesion.

Jury awards are rarely out of line with judges' decisions
A Cornell University study shows that jury awards for punitive damages are no larger in relation to compensatory awards and no more frequent than judges' awards.

Rash decision
A trendy henna

Antioxidant herbal extract may help prevent and treat reflux oesophagitis
A herbal extract, which contains a powerful antioxidant, may help prevent and treat the extremely common and distressing condition reflux oesophagitis.

If you can't join them, beat them -- CWRU psychologists find rejection causes aggression
CWRU psychologists found that college students, when primed for rejection, showed a greater range of antisocial behaviors, such as increased aggression against someone who insulted them or someone they do not know, and less willingness to cooperate with groups or help others.

Scientists at the Scripps Research Institute find a way to block prions that cause mad cow disease
Scientists working at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) and at the University of California, San Francisco, have published a paper in the current issue of the scientific journal Nature that describes an antibody that clears prion infection in cell culture.

Jupiter-size planet found orbiting star in big dipper
A team of astronomers has found a Jupiter-size planet in a circular orbit around a faint nearby star, raising intriguing prospects of finding a solar system with characteristics similar to our own.

Humans may be easier to clone than sheep and mice because of a single genetic difference
Humans could be technically easier to clone than sheep, cows, pigs and mice because humans possess a genetic benefit that prevents fetal overgrowth, a major obstacle encountered in cloning animals, according to new research by Duke University Medical Center scientists.

PPPL to participate in the US DOE's Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing Program
The U.S. Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) has been awarded funding under the new

Poorer lung function in workplace passive smokers
Non-smokers forced to breathe in their colleagues' cigarette smoke at work may significantly compromise the ability of their lungs to function properly.

Survival tactics in bacteria - environmental conditions fit for mankind
Scientists from Imperial College, London, have made an important evolutionary link between the two powerhouse protein complexes that drive photosynthesis.

Higher total alcohol consumption, including beer and spirits, associated with better health
Moderate beer and spirit drinkers may be just as

Study questions value of diet restrictions prior to colon cancer screening test
Avoidance of certain foods before taking a commonly recommended screening test for colon cancer may not be necessary, according to a report from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Giving cannibalism a human face
A new anthropological study finds that cannibalism was not always aggressive and barbaric, but, in at least one case, was done with the best of motives

Risk of confidentiality breach can make HIV patients shy from treatment
HIV-positive patients from rural areas may shun life-extending treatment rather than risk breaches of confidentiality, according to a Duke University study.

The skin's acid coating: SFVAMC researchers explain its origin and how it maintains skin integrity
Acid on the skin might sound disturbing, but the mild acidity of the skin's surface actually helps to maintain the strength and cohesiveness of the skin.

Integrated pest management promises crop yields with fewer chemicals, but will it prove effective in the long run
It used to be that most growers relied on chemicals to deal with pests that plagued their crops.

Aging brain
Older adults actually use different regions of the brain than younger adults to perform the same memory and information processing tasks, according to University of Michigan research to be presented Aug.
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