Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 20, 2001
Do-it-yourself tooth bleaching kits may cause problems without supervision
People who want to brighten their smiles are opting for over-the-counter bleaching kits instead of visiting their dentist's office.

Genetic trait may denote increased risk for early sudden cardiac death
Men with a common genetic variation that makes blood stickier and more likely to clot have double the risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) before age 55 as men without the trait, according to research published in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

NASA satellite, University of Maryland and U.S. forest service provide rapid response to wildfires
U.S. firefighters and land managers are using the most modern NASA-satellite data to combat wildfires.

Ohio State chemist wins national award for study of reactive intermediates
Chemist Matthew S. Platz of Ohio State University wins American Chemical Society award for uncovering the sequence of steps by which organic chemicals undergo conversion.

Researcher receives grant to help halt HIV replication
Duane Grandgenette, Ph.D., professor of molecular virology at the Institute of Molecular Virology (IMV) at Saint Louis University School of Medicine, has received two grants totaling nearly a million dollars to study ways of inhibiting HIV replication in humans.

Society of Nuclear Medicine launches Virtual Library
SNM Virtual Library launches with webcasts from the recent SNM Annual Meeting on topics from PET, to Breast Cancer, to Nuclear Cardiology.

Earth-friendly, odor-free chemistry
University of Illinois at Chicago chemists use fluorous chemistry to modify Swern reaction for odorless conversion of alcohols into aldehydes and ketones.

Botanists collect, study rare Hawaiian plants
Tourists flock to Hawaii for its lush landscape of breathtaking flora, but this summer the most remote island ecosystem in the world is serving as a living laboratory for a pair of botanists examining the origins and evolution of plant life on Earth.

Chemist at University of California, San Diego, wins national award for drug research
Chemist Murray Goodman of U.C. San Diego wins American Chemical Society award for efforts developing drugs to relieve pain, facilitate organ transplants or treat disease with fewer side effects.

Scripps chemist wins national award for neurodegenerative disease research
Chemist Jeffery W. Kelly of the Scripps Research Institute wins American Chemical Society award for advancing understanding and treatment of rare neurodegenerative diseases.

Enzyme increases number, size of heart muscle cells in mice
Mice that were genetically engineered to produce a protein found in embryos and stem cells produce more as well as bigger heart cells, which live longer than those in normal mice, according to scientists at Baylor College of Medicine.

Saint Louis University researchers review plans for frequent space flight
Saint Louis University is among a select group of institutions charged with reviewing concepts for commercial spacecraft for NASA.

Wayne State chemist wins national award for new ways to make nature's molecules
Wayne State chemist John Montgomery wins American Chemical Society award for use of catalysts in making complicated molecules.

Warmer periods in Alaskan area not confined to modern times
In the northwest foothills of the Alaska Range, the last 150 years have been warm by historical reckoning, scientists report.

Berkeley chemist wins national award for work with new polymers
U.C. Berkeley chemist Jean M.J. Frechet wins American Chemical Society award for work with dendrimers, a new class of molecules that can turn light into other forms of energy or deliver anti-cancer drugs directly to tumors.

The path to quitting smoking is paved with health benefits
Improvements in heart disease risk factors can be measured within a few weeks of quitting -- or even reducing -- smoking, according to a new study.

Sandia creates mechanized microfluidic device -- Pac-Man-like microstructure interacts with red blood cells
Silicon microteeth that open and close like jaws have been developed at Sandia National Laboratories.

Queens University chemist wins U.S. award for new reactions to make drugs, agrochemicals, conductors
Canadian chemist Victor A. Snieckus of Queens University wins American Chemical Society award for more efficient and ecologically benign ways to create, among other things, a new painkiller, a fungicide for grain crops, conducting materials and other compounds.

Brookhaven physicists produce "doubly strange nuclei"
Strange science has taken a great leap forward at the U.S.

Annals of Internal Medicine, Tip Sheet, August 21, 2001
Seeds of Doubt: Raw Sprouts Cause Illnesses in California -Contaminated Clover and Alfalfa Seeds the Culprit Six outbreaks of salmonellosis and E. coli 0157 in California between 1996 and 1998 were investigated and found to be associated with eating raw (uncooked), contaminated alfalfa and clover sprouts, a study found (Article, p.

Astrophysicsts receive $2 million from Department of Energy to explore supernovae
Scientists from Lawrence Livermore and Los Alamos national laboratories, the University of California Santa Cruz and the University of Arizona have received a $2 million, three-year grant from the Department of Energy to research supernovae, the cataclysmic deaths of stars.

Mechanical heart pump can reverse heart failure
Left ventricular assist devices, or LVADs, used to mechanically pump blood through the hearts of individuals with heart failure as they await transplantation, can reverse reduced heart muscle performance, researchers report in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Dartmouth/VA study reveals new, realistic estimates for surgery survival in older Americans
For older patients, the risk of death associated with elective surgery is far greater than previously estimated, and frequently higher than 10%, according to a new Dartmouth study.

SUNY chemist wins national award for fertility research
Chemist Nicole S. Sampson of the State University of New York (SUNY) at Stony Brook wins American Chemical Society award for discovering, at the molecular level, how mammalian sperm fertilize an egg.

Study indicates alternative medicine here to stay
Will the demand for complementary and alternative medicine fade or is it here to stay?

Smoking may ease anger and anxiety, acting as trigger
Anger or anxiety may trigger the urge to smoke in some people, according to a new study that suggests emotional smokers may have a harder time quitting.

University of North Carolina chemist wins national award for natural products research
University of North Carolina chemist Michael T. Crimmins wins American Chemical Society Award for making molecules from nature that exhibit anti-tumor activity.

American Chemical Society meeting features cutting-edge research August 26-30 in Chicago
Research on dietary interventions that fight disease, the chemistry of nutritional beverages, environmental threats to the Great Lakes region and energy needs for the 21st century will be featured at the national meeting of the American Chemical Society, held August 26-30 in Chicago.

Cornell chemist wins national award for biodegradable plastics
Cornell Chemist Geoffrey W. Coates wins American Chemical Society Award for biodegradable plastics.

Dartmouth Medical School professors study the uneven landscapeof newborn intensive care services: Variation in the neonatology workforce
A team of Dartmouth Medical School researchers has completed the first study of the neonatal workforce since 1983 to determine the geographic distribution of neonatologists in the United Sates.

Better computer modeling provides a new look at large biomolecules
A new computational method for studying the electrical landscape of large biological molecules may enable HHMI researchers to make a leap from modeling molecules of 50,000 atoms to those of more than a million atoms.

American Chemical Society meets August 26-30 in Chicago
A range of cutting-edge scientific research will be discussed at the August 26-30 meeting of the American Chemical Society in Chicago including diet's role in preventing cancer, the risks and benefits of herbal foods, energy needs of the future, and environmental problems of the Great Lakes region.

MIT chemist wins national award for catalyst research
M.I.T. Chemist Richard R. Schrock wins American Chemical Society award for discovering more efficient ways to make molecules such as biological compounds and drugs.

Science, engineering and technology news tips -- August 2001
Model suggests treatment for mad cow disease, Cold planet stopped agriculture from developing, and Feelings of security antidote to hostility, fear.

Supercomputer paints electric landscape of cellular structures
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego have mapped key cellular structures using a new method to harness the power of supercomputing.

Most college protesters are well adjusted, socially active students
Rather than being misfits, college protesters are more likely to be socially active on campus and enjoy a wide circle of friends and acquaintances, a Penn State researcher says.
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