Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 25, 2001
Emerging trends: Scientific evidence in the courtroom
A dialogue between criminal justice professionals including prosecutors, judges, and forensic scientists, and the academic community including psychologists, molecular biologists, and biotechnologists, to foster and develop questions for future research on the role of science and scientists in the criminal justice system.

URI geological oceanographer receives $143,000 grant to study the dynamics of the Earth's mantle
University of Rhode Island Graduate School of Oceanography (GSO) geophysicist Chris Kincaid has received $143,000 from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to study flow patterns in the Earth's mantle in subduction zones.

Treating frail and elderly patients.
This school year, the U-M School of Nursing is introducing a new concentration in care for the frail and elderly, under the direction of Donna Algase, professor of nursing and a faculty associate at the U-M Institute of Gerontology.

Scientists discover how some viruses take strong hold of cells
As part of an ongoing effort to understand how viruses infect cells, scientists at the U.S.

Managed care coverage offers high quality of care for children with asthma
Researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital have found that children with asthma receive similar quality of care under both managed care and indemnity insurance plans.

NSF announces $156 million in awards for information technology research
The National Science Foundation (NSF) today announced 309 awards designed to preserve America's position as the world leader of computer science and its applications.

UCSF study finds shortage of California dentists in rural, poor, minority communities
A shortage of dentists in many communities may contribute to poor access to dental care for many California rural, low-income, and minority residents, according to a new study by UCSF researchers at the Center for the Health Professions.

Researchers examine the use of antiretroviral therapy among injection drug users with HIV infection: Study suggests addiction treatment and health care contribute to HAART enrollment
A Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health study has found that over 40 percent of injection drugs users with HIV that are eligible for the highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) fail to undergo the treatment.

Novel means for stopping transcription found, Hopkins scientists report
Researchers have discovered what is believed to be a novel method in yeast for governing gene expression at the end, rather than the beginning, of transcription, the process of reading DNA to make RNA.

Book documents dramatic recent changes in southeast's ancient soils
A new book coauthored by Duke University's Daniel Richter documents the extraordinary history of soils of the southeastern United States, where fields of a former vast cotton belt are now covered by rapidly growing pines.

Smallest silicon particles light way for new sensors, materials
Purdue University researchers have discovered how to harness the light-emitting properties of porous silicon to stabilize the material's surface and direct it to respond to specific chemical environments or cues.

Irradiated balloons may help prevent plaque re-growth in blocked arteries
Cardiologists at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles are participating in a randomized clinical trial studying the use of irradiated balloons to help prevent blocked arteries from developing recurring blockages.

Growing need for long-term care services among aging inmate population, study finds
With stricter sentencing policies, states are facing a growing prison population of aging inmates.

The dangers of passive smoking in adults: the ERS 11th Annual Congress provides first hard evidence
Studies from countries including Finland, Germany and Italy eliminate all doubt, concluding that other people's smoke is an avoidable cause of respiratory disease, especially in women.

Alzheimer's and Parkinson's proteins create a destructive team
The proteins associated with Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease interact to enhance each other's distinct degenerative effects, indicating that therapies blocking the production or accumulation or either protein may have broader benefits than previously thought, researchers report in the September 25 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, published electronically.
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