Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 27, 2001
Blood vessels trigger development of the pancreas
HHMI researchers have discovered that blood vessels can send signals to the pancreas that trigger its development.

Lowering of blood pressure reduces risk of recurrent stroke
Combination drug treatment to lower blood pressure could substantially reduce the risk of recurrent stroke, conclude authors of a fast-track study published in this week's issue of THE LANCET.

Computer reminders can increase delivery of preventive care to hospitalized patients
In a study published in the September 27, 2001 New England Journal of Medicine, researchers from the Indiana University School of Medicine and the Regenstrief Institute for Health Care demonstrated for first timethat computer reminders can dramatically increase the number of pneumonia and flu vaccinations ordered by physicians for hospitalized adults.

High-quality family planning services stabilise abortion rate in Bangladesh
Results of a Bangladesh population study in this week's issue of THE LANCET highlight how the provision of high-quality family planning services can decrease population growth without an accompanying increase in rates of abortion.

UB biophysicists discover high-speed motility in cells in response to voltage changes
University at Buffalo biophysicists studying the motility of cells have shown that simple cells react in less than a millisecond to changes in membrane voltage, a property scientists have thought was confined to highly specialized cells such as the cochlear outer hair cells responsible for hearing.

Greater vigilance needed on safety of over the counter drugs
It is currently rare for pharmacists to record the details of patients to whom they sell over the counter medicines but an editorial in this week's BMJ argues that it would be in the public health interest for pharmacists to do so.

Virtual lung models every breath you take - and its impact
A virtual lung model developed at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory may help predict the impact of pollutants on respiratory systems.

Physical activity over a lifetime could reduce risk of breast cancer
A lifetime of physical activity could reduce the risk of breast cancer, says a unique study from the University of Alberta and the Alberta Cancer Board.

A sticky situation for ants and bees: UMass biologist looks at how these insects adhere to various surfaces
University of Massachusetts biologist Elizabeth Brainerd is part of a team that recently completed a study on how certain types of ants and bees are able to walk on vertical surfaces - or even upside-down.

Brain scan patterns identify objects being viewed
NIMH scientists have shown that they can tell what kind of object a person is looking a -- a face, a house, a shoe, a chair -- by the pattern of brain activity it evokes.

Researchers find glass-eating microbes at the rock bottom of the food chain
Welcome to the bottom of the deep-sea food chain. The rock bottom, that is.

DARPA awards computer scientists $2.1 million to integrate security features into mainstream computers
Computer scientists at the University of Pennsylvania have received a two-year, $2,125,000 grant to introduce advanced security features used in special-purpose government computers into standard office PCs.

Tobacco-industry sponsored research misled
An analysis of tobacco-industry documents published in the September issue of the American Journal of Public Health finds that the industry went to great lengths to battle the environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) issue by camouflaging its involvement in and creating an impression of unbiased scientific research on the subject.

Study calls for UK childhood screening of metabolic disease
Results of a study in this week's issue of THE LANCET support the introduction of early screening for the metabolic disease medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency.

Science features Fox Chase Cancer Center findings on promotion of organ growth
A group of cellular and developmental biologists led by Fox Chase Cancer Center's Kenneth S.

Heart jacket offers potential innovative treatment for heart failure
The Acorn CorCap™ Cardiac Support Device, a potential innovative treatment for heart failure, was recently implanted into a patient at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit.

Home visiting to older people reduces death rates and the need for long-term institutional care
Home visits to older people appear to reduce their risk of death and admission to long term institutional care, reports a study in this week's BMJ.

New genetic testing service provides rapid and effective prenatal diagnosis
The first implementation of a new genetic testing service in the south-east region of the UK National Health Service (NHS) has resulted in the rapid diagnosis of fetal genetic abnormalities and early reassurance for pregnant women with normal test results, report authors of a study in this week's issue of THE LANCET.

K-State researchers fabricate blue micro light-emitting diodes, paving the way for future miniature displays
A team of researchers at Kansas State University has created blue micro LEDs that are more efficient than conventional LEDs.

National guidance agencies do not enhance the NHS but distort the allocation of resources, say academics
In a report in this week's BMJ, the NHS guidance agencies come under fire for distorting the allocation of resources and not contributing to the performance and effectiveness of the Health Service.

Research: Third of U.S. adolescents suffer some form of dating violence
About a third of U.S. adolescents surveyed reported having suffered some form of dating violence during romantic relationships, and 12 percent said they had been physically mistreated, according to a new study.

Robotic surgery new option for prostate cancer
The Vattikuti Urology Institute at Henry Ford Hospital is the first center in the country to routinely perform surgery using a robotic system for the treatment of prostate cancer.

Investigational drug makes earlier hospital discharge possible following surgery
A team of researchers, led by anesthesiologists at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Emerging Alzheimer's disease therapies: Focusing on the future
On November 7, 2001, world leaders in Alzheimer's Disease research will converge on the University of Pennsylvania Medical Center to discuss the future of Alzheimer's therapy.

Sick GPs fail to practise what they preach
Family doctors - burdened with a sense of duty of not letting down their patients or partners - fail to acknowledge their own ill health and attempt to work through their symptoms, says a report in this week's BMJ.

Increased risk of skin cancer for psoriasis patients given ciclosporin
The risk of squamous cell cancer of the skin is increased in patients treated for psoriasis with ciclosporin in addition to photochemotherapy, conclude authors of a study in this week's issue of THE LANCET.
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