Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 01, 2001
Automated analytical platform facilitates identification of proteins
Now that the human genome has been sequenced, one of the hottest areas in life sciences is characterizing the human proteome.

ACE-inhibitor reverses heart enlargement, cuts cardiovascular risk
For the first time a drug used to treat high blood pressure has been shown to prevent and gradually reverse enlargement of the heart, reducing the risk of heart attack, stroke and congestive heart failure, researchers report in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Rural residents less likely to use preventive health services
Rural residents appear less likely than urban residents to seek out certain types of preventive healthcare, according to a new study.

Drug therapy leads to long-term remissions in aplastic anemia patients
Researchers at Johns Hopkins, Hahnemann University, and University of Maryland report sustained, treatment-free remissions in studies of a novel drug therapy approach to treating a deadly blood disorder known as aplastic anemia.

'Drive-through' mastectomies becoming more common
A new study shows that the percentage of outpatient mastectomies increased dramatically between 1990 and 1996, particularly in certain states.

Treating ADHD in preschoolers--without medication
Children with ADHD often are given medication such as Ritalin to control the inattention, hyperactivity and poor behavior that characterizes the disorder.

Cervical manipulation and risk of stroke
To estimate the rate of stroke following cervical manipulation by chiropractors, Paul Carey and colleagues examined data from malpractice claims for stroke filed with the Canadian Chiropractic Protective Association from 1988 to 1997 and surveyed 10% of Canadian chiropractors to estimate the number of annual cervical manipulations.

Antibiotic linked to newborns' intestinal disorder
An Indiana University School of Medicine study has confirmed a linkage between erythromycin, one of the most commonly prescribed antibiotics, and the subsequent development of pyloric stenosis, a condition that affects one in 500 newborns.

Icelandic weather system helps decipher changes in the arctic ice puzzle
Largely natural

Major reduction in cardiovascular disease seen in mice lacking CD44 gene
When mice prone to atherosclerosis - cardiovascular disease - were bred to lack a gene called CD44, scientists saw reductions of up to 70 percent in the type of damage to blood-vessel walls associated with heart attacks and stroke.

Doctors fail to promote physical activity
Regular physical activity promotes health and prevents disease, yet only slightly more than 25 percent of adults report getting advice from their doctors to exercise more often, according to the results of a new study.

Multi billion dollar titanium prospects
Australia has a golden opportunity to take a world lead in light metals, with the establishment of a multi-billion dollar industry in industrial-grade titanium.

NYU Medical Center's Cardiothoracic surgeons announce major advance in heart valve repair
Two New York University Medical Center surgeons, Chief of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Stephen B.

Psychosocial factors contribute to development of asthma in genetically at-risk children, study finds
A new prospective study finds that early parenting difficulties are associated with the development of asthma in genetically at-risk children between the ages of six and eight.

Former Washington Post reporter wins top chemistry reporting award
Former Washington Post reporter Curt Suplee has been named the 2002 recipient of the American Chemical Society's James T.

Anthrax immunity gene found in mice
The discovery by Harvard Medical School researchers of an anthrax immunity gene in mice could help pinpoint human immunity and improve patient treatment.

Diabetes control falling short among African Americans
Behavioral changes and improved preventive measures are required to rein in poorly controlled blood sugar and cholesterol in African Americans with diabetes, according to a study published in the October issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Low-wage workers won't spring for health benefits
Low-wage workers would rather take home a bigger paycheck than have their employers provide them with health insurance, according to a study that also finds that the less workers earn the less likely the company is to offer health insurance.

Interactive video visits offer cost effective way for nurses to aid patients at home
A Penn State-led study has shown that substituting interactive video sessions for up to half of a visiting nurse's in-home meetings with post-surgical or chronically ill patients can be a cost-effective way to provide care.

Drug insurance coverage and prescription drug use
In April 1996 Manitoba changed its drug insurance plan from a fixed deductible and copayment system to an income-based deductible system.

UCSF School of Dentistry receives $11 million grant to establish center to prevent oral health disparities
The School of Dentistry at the University of California, San Francisco has received an $11 million grant from the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research to study eliminating painful, difficult, and expensive treatments for tooth decay in children as young as one year old.

Ecology Lab turns 50, holds symposium
The Savannah River Ecology Laboratory (SREL), a research unit of The University of Georgia located on the U.S.

Hostile political TV leads to negative attitudes about politics
Political talk shows in which guests yell, scream and interrupt each other may attract more viewers - but a new study suggests it may be bad for our political system.

Researchers make progress in understanding anthrax resistance
HHMI researchers have discovered that certain strains of mice are resistant to anthrax toxin because they have slightly different versions of a molecular motor protein that is involved in transporting molecules within immune system cells called macrophages.

NSF announces $43.8 million in awards for Arabidopsis plant genome research
Building on its successful international effort to complete the genome sequence of Arabidopsis thaliana, a model species for understanding plants in general, the National Science Foundation (NSF) today announced 28 awards under its new 2010 Project.

Moose, deer come out after sundown, a warning to evening drivers
Driving with increased caution, including slowing down, during the two hours after sunset may reduce commuters chances of hitting an animal on their way home, according to a new study of car crashes involving moose and deer.

Annals of Internal Medicine, Tip Sheet, October 2, 2001
(1). Some Women on HRT May Be at Increased Risk for Gallbladder Surgery (2).

Panel of Nobel laureates to discuss 50 years of brain research at the NIH: Christopher Reeve to address patients' perspective
The National Institutes of Health is celebrating 50 years of achievement in brain research with a two-day scientific symposium that will bring together the country's leaders in neuroscience and neurology.

Exercise testing and training statement updated
The American Heart Association today published a scientific statement on

Group sends doctors tools to foster immunization week
This week, American College of Physicians-American Society of Internal Medicine (ACP-ASIM) is launching an educational tool kit to more than 43,000 general internists nationwide to help improve the immunization rates of patients cared for by its members

Hepatitis C infection among injection drug use
Beginning in 1994, Vancouver experienced an explosive outbreak of HIV infection among injection drug users (IDUs).

Children's hospitalization may be good time to talk about smoking cessation with parents
Parents who smoke around their child may be receptive to cessation counseling when they bring their child to the hospital for medical attention, according to a new study in the October issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Drug use "sensitizes" the brain
A new University of Michigan study, provides experimental evidence supporting a neurological explanation for why cues as innocent as the sound of ice cubes tinkling in a glass can cause

New Center for Gravitational Wave Physics established at Penn State
A multi-million-dollar grant from the National Science Foundation and support from Penn State has created the Center for Gravitational Wave Physics at the university, involving an interdisciplinary team of scientists at Penn State and eight other participating institutions in the United States, Scotland, Canada, and Germany.

Psychological factors implicated in development of asthma
An eight-year prospective study of 150 children indicates that parenting difficulties in the first year of a baby's life double the chances that the child will develop asthma.

Ketogenic diet reduces seizures in many children, Hopkins researchers find
Johns Hopkins neurologists report that a rigorously high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet not only reduces the number of seizures in children with severe seizure disorders, but also keeps the frequency of attacks lower years after the diet is stopped.

NIH funds $3.9 million in new grants for autism research
. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has awarded grants totaling $3.9 million to support new autism research at 13 universities across the country.

Counseling can help lower blood pressure
Counseling programs can help people control their blood pressure according to a new analysis of studies on behavioral strategies that can be used in conjunction with medication.
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