Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 04, 2001
First oral drug proven effective in treating primary pulmonary hypertension
A first-of-its kind oral drug has been shown to successfully treat primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH), according to the results of a multi-center trial led by UCSD School of Medicine pulmonary specialists.

Good auto quality ratings motivate consumers to take better care of their cars, says O.R. study
Consumers take better care of their autos if they initially believe the cars are of better quality, according to a study published in a journal of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS®).

Sandia-developed removable adhesive bonds and detaches with temperature changes -- New approach to epoxy adhesive relies on reversible chemistry
A Sandia National Laboratories research team has develope d a removable epoxy adhesive that makes bonding and detaching parts a matter of temperature change.

Fewer than half of British employees work 'regular jobs'
New research from the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) Future of Work Programme examines the number of British employees with 'non-standard' jobs and the implications of non-standard working on union recognition.

NASA technology eyes better hurricane forecasts
Two NASA scientists have for the first time taken simultaneous high-altitude radar, temperature, and wind measurements that reveal the anatomy of hurricanes and shed light on what makes them intensify.

Stenting for strokes safe for outpatients, allows quick release, recovery
Carotid artery stenting, a technique used to widen narrowed neck arteries to prevent strokes, can be performed safely and effectively as an outpatient procedure at experienced centers, researchers report in the October issue of Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Stroke mortality varies by race and region
Nationwide, the stroke death rate has declined during the last 30 years, but the decline has not been equal across regions nor among races, according to a study in the October issue of Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Anthony S. Fauci awarded 2001 Frank Annunzio award
NIAID Director Anthony S. Fauci, M.D., will receive the 2001 Frank Annunzio Award in the Humanitarian Field from the Christopher Columbus Fellowship Foundation, an independent federal government agency.

Sandia's soil and groundwater chemical 'sniffer' may help protect the nation's water supply
A real-time gas- and water-quality monitoring system that consists of a miniature sensor array packaged in a weatherproof housing developed by the Department of Energy's Sandia National Laboratories may become one tool in the effort to protect the nation's water supply.

University of Alberta biochemist discovers vital information on cancer-fighting gene
A University of Alberta biochemist has recreated the three-dimensional structure of a critical portion of the BRCA1 protein, which if mutated, causes hereditary breast cancer.

Size matters: Shortest telomeres initiate cellular havoc
Using genetically engineered mice, scientists from The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine have found that events associated with losing the function of telomeres, the repetitive ends of chromosomes, depend on the length of the shortest telomere in a cell, not the commonly measured average length.

Common native plant of great plains may be threatened by climate change
A common Great Plains prairie plant, the partridge pea, could face severe reduction in numbers if climate conditions in the Midwest change to the extremes predicted for the next 25 to 35 years.

Sandia develops program to assess water infrastructure vulnerabilities
andia National Laboratories researcher Jeffrey Danneels has some answers about how water distribution systems in this country can remain secure.

Retinal blood-vessel damage linked to increased stroke risk
Retinal photography--used to detect abnormalities in blood vessels at the back of the eye--could help identify people who are at an increased risk of stroke, suggest authors of a study in this week's issue of THE LANCET.

More people are hospitalized for stroke, but fewer strokes are fatal
The number of Americans who are hospitalized for stroke continues to increase, but the death rate is declining, according to a report in the October issue of Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Jurors' comprehension of scientific evidence
As society becomes more technologically complex, people called for jury duty have an increasingly difficult task.

No benefit to "nil by mouth" after surgery
There is no benefit in keeping patients

Scientists make key finding underlying genetic stability
Biologists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Los Alamos National Laboratory have discovered new insights into how two common proteins found in mannalian cells can cause chromosomes to fuse together--mutations that can destroy cells or give rise to cancer.

American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene holds annual meeting in Atlanta, November 11-15, 2001
Media representatives are invited to attend the 50th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, November 11-15, 2001 at the Hilton Atlanta and Towers in Atlanta, Georgia.

Submicrometer-scale metallic barcodes described by Penn State and Surromed
Researchers at Penn State and Surromed have developed microscopic metallic barcodes--patterned metallic particles that, when coated with biomolecules, enable the simultaneous monitoring of multiple biological reactions in very small volumes of fluid.

US direct-to-consumer advertising ambiguous in communication of drug benefits
A study in this week's issue of THE LANCET highlights how US consumers are given incomplete prescription-drug information in direct-to-consumer advertising campaigns.

Study casts doubt over value of popular PMS treatment
Treatment of premenstrual syndrome with the hormone progesterone or progestogens (a group of drugs similar to progesterone) is unlikely to be effective, despite the continued popularity of these treatments in the United Kingdom and the United States, concludes a study in this week's BMJ.

Women losing out on pay increases
Ongoing research from the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) Future of Work Programme concludes that women continue to lag behind their male colleagues in terms of pay increases on promotion.

Public satisfaction with doctors high, despite bad press
National newspapers in the UK contain twice as many negative stories about doctors as positive ones, yet 89% of the public remain satisfied with the way that doctors do their jobs, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

NHS policies fail to strike a balance between equity and efficiency
The NHS is facing a dilemma between the goals of equity and efficiency.

Communication problems affect one in four 999 ambulance calls
Communication problems affect more than a quarter of emergency ambulance calls, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

Clinical research and the last frontier
An AAN Briefing for Science and Medical Writers. The neuroscience disciplines will hold the key for understanding, treating and preventing many neurological disorders in the next quarter century.

Researchers identify stem cell gene with unique role
Researchers at H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute and the University of South Florida have identified a gene whose expression is shared by both the earliest stem cells--embryonic stem cells--and by tissue-specific stem cells in adults.

SurroMed and Penn State publish pioneering work in the journal Science describing Nanobarcodes™ particles
Researchers from SurroMed, Inc. and Penn State University report in the October 5th issue of the journal Science on the fabrication, optical properties and initial application of Nanobarcodes™ particles.

Ideal for booming mating calls, certain fish muscles have evolved so fully that they're unfit for much else
Evolution has so precisely honed certain specialized muscles involved in fish mating calls that the muscles are now physically incapable of much else, including any significant locomotion, biologists at the University of Pennsylvania have found.

Prevent the genomics divide before it happens, say University Of Toronto researchers
World governments must ensure that the benefits of health genomics are available globally - and practical steps are needed to address this soon, say two University of Toronto bioethicists.

US direct-to-consumer advertising ambiguous in communication of drug benefits
US consumers are given incomplete prescription-drug information in advertising campaigns directed to them, report Dartmouth Medical School/Veterans Affairs physicians.

Myriad genetics and University of Utah publish pioneering HIV research in the scientific journal Cell
The scientific paper entitled,
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