Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 08, 2001
Study links childhood obesity to maternal well-being
A Children's Hospital Medical Center of Cincinnati study to be presented on Monday, October 8, shows that if efforts to prevent childhood obesity are to be successful, the well-being of mothers needs to be addressed.

Lunch-table discussion leads to more than $100 million economic impact
In 1986, University of Houston researchers sitting at a lunch table discussed what kind of new science could be done in the vacuum of space.

Speech melody controls alternation of speakers
Dr Johanneke Caspers, an NWO-funded linguistics researcher, has observed how speakers of Dutch use speech melody to indicate that they wish to continue speaking during a conversation.

A few minutes of risk assessment could mean more of life
More people could be spared from sudden death or a non-fatal heart attack if their physicians assessed their risk factors, according to an article in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Four researchers awarded 'Dutch Nobel Prize'
NWO has announced the names of the four top researchers who will receive the NWO/SPINOZA Prize for 2001.

Environmentally-friendly pesticide to combat potato cyst nematodes
NWO researchers have produced a substance in the laboratory which wakens potato cyst nematodes (eelworms) from hibernation.

Discovery of a molecular switch - progress in the research on anxiety
In the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (September 25, 2001, Vol.

Plant-derived chemicals prevent brain cell death, suggesting potential new stroke drugs
Two plant-derived chemicals can reduce the damage from a simulated stroke in cultured mouse brain cells, according to a study from SFVAMC researchers.

High-protein diets not proven effective and may pose health risks
High-protein diets have no proven effectiveness in long-term weight reduction and pose potential health threats for those who adhere to them for more than a short time, according to an advisory from the American Heart Association's Nutrition Committee in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Autistic behavior linked to several brain areas in children with tuberous sclerosis
More than one area of the brain is responsible for autistic behavior in children with tuberous sclerosis and brain lesions, according to an article published in the October 9 issue of Neurology, the scientific journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Study suggests mechanical forces drive early heart development
Looping is a key phenomenon in the embryo heart where the heart bends and rotates in a precise manner.

Attic discovery leads to new research
An unexpected discovery has led to a grant from the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) to examine the process of adjustment to working life and retirement of 200 male and female workers over four decades, 1962/3 - 2002/3.

New study: Changing roles benefit both men and women
Contrary to longstanding theories of gender and psychology, women and men can benefit by taking on more than one traditional social role, such as worker or parent, report two researchers in the October issue of American Psychologist.

Hypothermia for revived cardiac arrest patients appears safe
Reducing the body temperature of someone revived from cardiac arrest is feasible and safe, but cooling time must be faster to make it a practical treatment, according to a report in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Matter waves on a microchip
Physicists at the Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics and the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet in Munich have demonstrated that atom lasers can be integrated on a microchip.

Author: Don't throw every treatment in book at mental disorders
Combining medication with behavior modification therapy may not be the best way to help a patient overcome a psychological disorder.

Off-pump bypass takes off as alternative to traditional operations for selected patients
One-month results from a major clinical trial indicate that beating-heart, or off-pump bypass surgery is as safe and effective as standard coronary bypass surgeries, researchers report in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Simple diagnosis of anaemia and malaria
Research funded by NWO has shown that African mothers greatly over-report fever in their children.

Kearney, Neb. teacher wins regional chemistry teaching award
Julie Ann Larsen, a chemistry teacher at Kearney High School, will receive the 2001 Midwest Regional High School Chemistry Teaching Award from the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society.

Miniature cooling technologies focus of Purdue-industry center
Purdue University is forming a new National Science Foundation center to help industry develop miniature cooling technologies for a wide range of applications, from electronics and computers to telecommunications and advanced aircraft.

Risk factors beyond depression may be at work in panic
Depression doesn't solely explain the relationship between panic disorder and suicide, new research suggests.

Stable power supply thanks to wind turbines
Wind turbines can help keep the voltage in the electricity network at a constant level.
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