Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 09, 2001
New data shows rapid and sustained weight loss with Xenical
New data just presented at NAASO shows that the weight loss drug Xenical produces rapid and sustained weight loss - 4 kilogram loss seen in the first 4 weeks, and over 80% of patients losing at least five percent of their body weight in the first three months.

How America responds
terrorist attacks have had a significant impact on Americans' sense of personal safety and these heightened fears are linked to their economic expectations and behavior.

Treadmill machines can injure small children, warns researcher at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Add treadmill machines to the list of home exercise equipment that can pose dangers to little fingers.

Psychologists identify best aggression-prevention programs in schools
In one of the first studies ever to compare existing school-based aggression prevention programs across the nation, researchers from The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia found that targeting programs to kindergarten and young elementary school students, focusing on aggression in girls as well as boys, and conducting programs in naturalistic settings like playgrounds are key factors in the success of aggression prevention in schools.

Minimally invasive cure for abnormal heart rhythm on the horizon
There may be a safer and easier way to treat patients with the most common form of irregular heartbeat called atrial fibrillation.

Crayfish research illustrates environmental health
Crayfish boils may be the delicacy of choice at some Southern dinner parties, but environmental studies indicate there's something else cooking in the lobster-like crustacean's future.

Scientific Sessions 2001
Announcement: Scientific Sessions will continue as planned this November

UCSF researchers study effectiveness of integrating medical care with addiction treatment
A study led by a UCSF and Kaiser Permanente researcher examined the differences in treatment outcomes between integrated and independent models of medical care and substance abuse treatment, and concluded that not only do patients benefit from integrated medical and substance abuse treatments, but the integration can also be cost effective.

Research shows earliest testing does not reveal all pregnancies
Commercially available pregnancy tests kits may not be accurate on the first day or so after a missed period because of natural variability in ovulation and when developing embryos attach themselves to the lining of women's wombs, a new study concludes.

At WTC search, graduate students deploy shoebox-sized robots
Graduate students and the experimental robots they helped to develop were among the early responders who joined the search and rescue efforts shortly after the Sept.

Misdiagnosis of appendicitis continues, despite new technology, particularly among women
Although more diagnostic tools are available now than ever, there has been no improvement in the rate of misdiagnosis of appendicitis during the last decade, according to University of Washington researchers.

Anesthesiologist shortage documented, predicted to continue affecting health care
A substantive shortfall of anesthesia personnel exists this year and will continue for years to come, a group of physicians write in the October issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

New ISR survey finds some positive impact of terrorist attacks on American psyche
ISR survey finds some positive impact of terrorist attacks on American psyche

Conference explores what it means to be human
A three-day, multi-disciplinary conference exploring recent advances in science and the implications on humanity.

Nobel Prize winners support BioMed Central and the new Faculty of 1000 literature evaluation service
Paul Nurse, a vocal supporter of BioMed Central, and Tim Hunt, a contributor to the

Carnegie Mellon Chemistry Professor Krzysztof Matyjaszewski receives honors from American Chemical Society
Carnegie Mellon University Chemistry Professor Krzysztof Matyjaszewski has received national and regional awards from the American Chemical Society for groundbreaking work in advancing controlled radical polymerization, one of the principal methods used to prepare polymers for industrial use.

Relaxation with guided imagery eases cancer distress
Therapeutic relaxation offers modest relief of psychological distress for cancer patients, but the benefit of the behavioral approach may be greater if applied selectively to patients who screen for high levels of distress, according to a new study.

First AIDS vaccine made at NIAID's Vaccine Research Center enters clinical trial
NIAID researchers at the Dale and Betty Bumpers Vaccine Research Center (VRC) today announced the start of a clinical trial testing the first AIDS vaccine invented at the new facility.

NIH grantee Leland Hartwell wins Nobel Prize for breakthroughs in understanding the cell cycle
Dr. Leland H. Hartwell, a long-time grantee of the National Institutes of Health, was awarded the 2001 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of genes that control the cell division cycle.

First assessment of less-than-lethal munitions finds accuracy lacking
The first assessment of the less-than-lethal munitions available to law enforcement agencies striving to keep order with a minimum of force has found that they do not approach the accuracy demanded of their lethal counterparts, a Penn State report says.
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