Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 10, 2001
Purdue expert takes computer security to congressional committee
Purdue University computer security expert Eugene Spafford testified before a congressional committee today (Wednesday, 10/10) about issues needed to secure information from threats of terrorism.

Regulation of host responses by a bacterial peptide
Helicobacter pylori, like many other pathogenic bacteria, secrete antibiotic substances that give it a competitive advantage over other species for growth in its host's tissues.

Herbal oils may enhance insulin sensitivity and lower blood pressure in diabetic rats
Research at Georgetown University Medical Center has found that a combination of naturally occurring edible oils may be effective in treating Type II diabetes.

A third of baby boomers plan to work beyond retirement
About one-third the leading edge of the baby boom generation is planning a post-retirement career, about one-third are considering more education, and about two thirds consider traveling and volunteering as important, finds researchers at Cornell University.

Oregano oil may protect against drug-resistant bacteria, Georgetown researcher finds
Oil from the common herb oregano may be an effective treatment against dangerous, and sometimes drug-resistant bacteria, a Georgetown researcher has found.

Scripps to host the 26th Annual Climate Diagnostics and Prediction Workshop
The event, co-sponsored by Scripps Institution of Oceanography and the National Centers for Environmental Prediction, is expected to draw more than 200 international scientists, according to event coordinator John Roads, director of the Experimental Climate Prediction Center at Scripps.

NIGMS grantee K. Barry Sharpless wins Nobel Prize for advances in mirror-image chemistry
Dr. K. Barry Sharpless, a long-time grantee of the National Institute of General Medical Sciences, a component of the National Institutes of Health, was awarded the 2001 Nobel Prize in Chemistry today for his discovery of

Developmental control of tumor suppressor gene methylation
Methylation at CpG dinucleotides, the best undersood epigenetic mechanism in mammals, allows cells to silence transcription of particular genes in a relatively stable manner.

National Biomedical Center for Advanced ESR Technology
The National Institutes of Health has awarded Cornell University $5,897,513 to establish the National Biomedical Center for Advanced Electron Spin Resonance to study the bonds and structures of chemical and biological materials, such as molecular mechanisms in membranes and proteins.

National research team receives award for removing sulfur from gasoline
A team of chemists and engineers from ExxonMobil and Akzo-Nobel Catalysts, LLC, will be honored October 18 by the American Chemical Society for developing an effective process to remove sulfur from gasoline.

Medicare reform unlikely to save government much money
Raising beneficiary premiums seen as only way to achieve cost savings; reforming Medicare+Choice would yield other benefits

Why and what can flies teach us about cancer?
Matthew Freeman, group leader at the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, England is this year's winner of EMBO Gold Medal.

Cornell and Wieman share 2001 Nobel Prize in physics
Eric A. Cornell of the National Institute of Standards and Technology and Carl E.

Dallas researcher receives award for new semiconductor chip processing technology
Chemist Patricia B. Smith, Ph.D., of Texas Instruments, Inc., in Dallas, Texas, will be honored October 18 by the American Chemical Society for developing a new processing technology used to manufacture copper-interconnected silicon semiconductor chips.

Leptin and obesity: All in the head?
In the absence of leptin signaling, mice, like humans, grow extremely obese and develop many of the common sequellae of obesity in humans, such as diabetes and steatosis of the liver.

Invading ants disrupt ecosystem
The tiny black Argentine ant is well known as a household pest.

EMBO 2001 golden medal goes to Matthew Freeman
Matthew Freeman, group leader at the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, England is this year's winner of EMBO Gold Medal.

From polymers to planets: NSF lectures explore the physical sciences
The National Science Foundation (NSF) invites media and members of the public to a series of lectures sponsored by the Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences.

Accumulated change courts ecosystem catastrophe
Subjected to decades of gradual change by humans, many of the world's natural ecosystems - from coral reefs and tropical forests to northern lakes and forests - appear susceptible to sudden catastrophic ecological change.

Research: Concussion in rugby appears to be hidden epidemic
Rugby, a rough-and-tumble, high-energy contact sport similar to U.S. football but played almost worldwide, leads to far more concussions than players, coaches and medical personnel have previously thought, a new study suggests.

New resources to treat type 1 diabetes
The National Center for Research Resources (NCRR), a part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), announced today the award of grants in the amount of $10.4 million to establish 10 Islet Cell Resource (ICR) centers.

Speech recognition technology will search Holocaust archives
Johns Hopkins engineers are developing an

Generic vs. name brand medications
A group of University of Michigan researchers conducted an in-depth look at the issues of brand-name medications vs. their generic equivalents, and they are publishing their findings in a seven-article series in the Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association (http://www.aphanet.org/JAPhA/japha.html).

Unique sperm protein could be target of new contraceptive
HHMI researchers have discovered an ion channel protein that plays a central role in sperm motility.

NSF announces institutional transformation awards under 'ADVANCE'
The National Science Foundation (NSF) has announced the first set of ADVANCE institutional transformation grants which seek to ensure fuller participation and advancement of women faculty in science and engineering.

Study finds older patients benefit as much from chemotherapy after surgery for colon cancer as younger patients
Older patients diagnosed with mid-stage colon cancer benefit as much from chemotherapy after surgery as younger patients with the disease, according to a study led by the North Central Cancer Treatment Group, a clinical trials cooperative group based at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn.
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