Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 16, 2001
NSF initiates massive effort to rebuild teaching leadership in science and mathematics
The National Science Foundation has launched a $100 million initiative to regenerate leadership in teaching and research in mathematics, science and technology by establishing Centers for Learning and Teaching throughout the country.

Cheaper antibiotics effective for uncomplicated sinusitis, study finds
New research shows some older, cheaper antibiotics are just as effective in treating acute, uncomplicated sinusitis as are newer, more expensive drugs.

2001 ozone hole about the same size as past three years
Satellite data show the area of this year's Antarctic ozone hole peaked at about 26 million square kilometers making the hole similar in size to those of the past three years, according to scientists from NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

Light at night and working the graveyard shift linked to increased risk of breast cancer
Women who work the graveyard shift may face an up to 60 percent increased risk of breast cancer, according to a Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center study

Study: Infected people need not carry AIDS virus long before passing it on
People who contract HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, can pass that virus on to others within a week or two of picking it up themselves, a new study conducted at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and in Switzerland shows.

Brain imaging research data will be shared in new research network
The National Center for Research Resources (NCRR), a component of the NIH, has awarded more than $20 million to a consortium of universities coordinated by UCSD to build the first-nationwide high-performance computer environment to study diseases of the brain.

Pregnant women should take extra precautions to protect their fetuses while driving or riding in cars, say researchers at the University Of Pittsburgh's Center For Injury Research And Control
Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of fetal death, report researchers from the University of Pittsburgh's Center for Injury Research and Control in next week's Journal of the American Medical Association.

Say what? Neurons and fat cells have a dialogue in the lab
Growing fat cells and nerve cells in the same dish has produced what is believed to be the first demonstration of two-way communication between the cell types, say Johns Hopkins scientists.

Whitaker Foundation to phase out grant programs
The Whitaker Foundation, which has invested more than $575 million in biomedical engineering education and research, has begun phasing out its grant programs to coincide with its planned closing in 2006.

Morphine-like drugs could offer relief for amputees
Fifty to 80 percent of all amputees experience pain in their stumps or what feels like the missing limbs long after surgical wounds have healed.

Don't get frosted over heating your home this winter
With the fall air turning cooler and leaves falling from the trees, now is the time to prepare to effectively and efficiently heat your home this winter.

Internet-based study to examine pain in childbirth
Women in the throes of childbirth have tried everything from drugs to lying on tennis balls to lessen labor pain.

ORNL to partner with industry on three new proposals
Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Superconductivity program has been selected to partner on three new superconductivity proposals that are being negotiated by U.S. industry.

Duke researchers uncover clue to kidney damage after heart surgery
Duke University Medical Center researchers have uncovered an intriguing clue why one of every 12 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery suffers serious kidney impairment, and they believe their findings provide a target for new medications aimed at protecting kidneys.

$11 million grant funds new international center to improve science education
One of the world's most distinguished science museums and two of the world's leading universities are launching an ambitious collaboration to improve science teaching and learning.

Bacteria test may make blood safer
Doctors at University Hospitals of Cleveland released the results of their investigation into a new bacterial contamination test of blood platelets at the American Association of Blood Banks today (Oct.

HIV infects subset of T cells leading to depletion, Gladstone researchers find
CD4+ T cells need naïve cells to mature and replace them as they succumb to HIV infection.

Feel stressed and pressed? Then take a hike
Couch potatoes, listen up. Feel like you are overworked, uptight and stressed out?

Mayo Clinic study of defective gene that causes Huntington's disease sheds new light on disease
Mayo Clinic researchers have found that the intact mutant protein apparently kills brain cells in patients with Huntington's Disease by grabbing onto its normal counterpart and other key players in the cell and drawing them into bundles.

Terrorism explored at public health meeting
The newly-added session

Computers help veterinarians diagnosis pets with rare diseases
Soon, when your pet is sick, your veterinarian will have a powerful new tool to find out what's wrong - his personal computer.

Experiments offer major clue to repairing diseased nerves
Using specially designed and bred laboratory mice, scientists at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have discovered that a well-known protein in the body plays a central role in how nerves and the brain repair themselves.
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