Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 23, 2001
High resolution houseflies, encouraging news for commercial-scale fusion at plasma physics meeting
New insights into solar mysteries, the latest advances in nuclear fusion research--physicists will announce the latest breakthroughs in the science of plasmas, or collections of charged particles such as those which make up the Sun.

Researchers discover secrets of Anthrax's killer toxin
Researchers announced today key features of how anthrax toxin destroys cells.

Geologist finds lost island in Santa Barbara channel
An island submerged for more than 13,000 years has been discovered beneath the ocean's surface about halfway between the Santa Barbara Harbor and one of the existing Santa Barbara Channel Islands by Edward A.

Microsoft supports Cornell virus-protection research
Cornell University has received support from Microsoft Corp. to develop and test new technology that could help protect computers from viruses and other malicious code downloaded from the Internet.

Brookhaven physicist wins prestigious prize
William Marciano, a theoretical physicist at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, has been named a winner of the J.

Satellites measure 'bouncing' landscapes
Scientists are using satellites to measure tiny movements in the earth's crust so that millions of pounds can be saved in civil engineering projects.

Flavonoids found in chocolate may protect against cardiovascular disease
Chocolate-along with other plant-based foods such as tea, red wine, and apples- contains flavonoids that may have a cardioprotective effect by reducing oxidative stress on low- density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol.

Caffeine intake increases the rate of bone loss in elderly women
In a study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Rapuri et al. compared the bone mineral density of women in high and low categories of caffeine consumption to examine the interaction between caffeine intake, genetic type, and osteoporosis.

New computer tool forecasts outlook for patients with breast cancer
Breast cancer patients are being helped to make informed choices about their treatment with the aid of a computer programme developed in the US.

US fast track system provides quicker access to new drugs for patients with life threatening disease
Cancer drugs are losing out in the fast track approval process to HIV medicines, particularly in Europe.

Typhoid fever bug sequence raises hope of complete eradication
Scientists from Britain, Denmark and Vietnam have deciphered the genetic code of the bacterium responsible for typhoid fever, Salmonella typhi.

Cocoa and dark chocolate show positive effects on LDLs - But don't shun veggies
A Penn State-led study has found that a diet high in flavonoid-rich cocoa powder and dark chocolate had favorable effects on LDL (

Immune system response is less favorable in elderly than in young adults
In this month's American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Walrand et al. compared the effects of short-term fasting and subsequent refeeding on measures of the immune response in healthy young and elderly adults.

Energy consumption, regardless of source, improves memory performance in elderly
In a study in the current issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Kaplan et al. examined the effects of pure protein, fat, and carbohydrate-containing drinks on cognitive performance in a group of elderly subjects.

US, Italy, UK, Japan and France top world league in academic "paper chase"
The US accounts for more than a third of the scientific papers published about cancer, with Italy the runner-up.

Cutting the cost of fall-out from Chernobyl 15 years after the world's worst nuclear accident
15 years after the world's worst nuclear accident, at Chernobyl in the Ukraine, new thyroid cancers continue to be diagnosed.

Unique UNC study confirms suspected worldwide epidemic of childhood obesity
Twenty-five of every 100 U.S. children are either overweight or obese, but children from other major nations are beginning to weigh too much as well, a new University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill study concludes.

Prostate cancer screening creates new dilemma for men
Screening for prostate specific antigen results in some men taking the wrong decision and having unnecessary aggressive treatment which carries the risk of loss of potency and the risk of urinary problems like incontinence.

Fresh evidence points to marine bacteria as a source of anti-cancer drug
Researchers at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD), have produced evidence that bacteria living inside a small marine animal may be the source of a new drug compound being developed to fight cancer.

'Double suicide gene' therapy may offer safer treatment for prostate cancer
A US team has become one of the first in the world to use a combination of gene therapy and a de-activated common cold virus to treat prostate cancer.

Aura's opus software licensed to Celera Genomics
The Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc. (AURA) has reached an agreement with Celera Genomics Group, an Applera Corporation business in Rockville, MD, on the use of AURA's Operational Pipeline Unified Systems (OPUS) software package.

Afghan refugees document their health conditions
University of Michigan graduate student Serena Chaudhry plans to present photos depicting the health conditions of Afghan refugees, taken by the refugees themselves, at the American Public Health Association's annual convention in Atlanta on Wednesday (Oct.

Researchers announce anthrax breakthrough
Researchers have found the receptor -- a docking structure -- that anthrax toxin binds to in order to enter cells.
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