Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 30, 2001
Biocapsule can provide steady insulin supply; Potential breakthrough for diabetes patients
Pushing the frontiers of drug delivery technology, a biomedical engineer at the University of Illinois at Chicago has developed an implantable capsule that releases a steady supply of insulin to the bloodstream of people with diabetes.

Some workers willing to pay for benefits they won't use
Employees may be willing to help fund employment benefits that they will never use, in much the same way as citizens are willing to help fund environmental resources such as national parks that they will never visit, according to a team of labor studies researchers.

Hunter biology professor Marie T. Filbin named co-recipient of 2001 Ameritec Prize for paralysis research
The Ameritec Foundation has selected Professor Marie T. Filbin of Hunter College as co-recipient of the 2001 Ameritec Prize for significant accomplishment toward a cure for paralysis.

Obese people suffer bias from a variety of societal sources, including their own physicians
Researchers from Yale and other universities presented new data on obesity in a symposium titled

UCLA scientists discover stress accelerates AIDS progression, undermines anti-HIV drugs' effect
New UCLA research reveals that stress enables HIV to spread more quickly in infected persons and prevents antiretroviral drugs from restoring immune system function.

Protein function predicted with new 'THEMATICS' method developed by Northeastern University & Brandeis scientists
The sequencing of genomes has lent a wealth of new information to researchers about protein sequences and structures.

View of forest insects changing from pests to partners
The massive insect epidemics that have plagued western forests in recent years are mostly a reflection of poor forest health conditions, overcrowding, overuse of chemicals, fire suppression and introduction of monocultures or non-native species.

Lab scientists develop DNA signatures for salmonella strain that are expected to drastically speed detection
Salmonella may soon be identified within hours, rather than as long as a couple weeks, thanks to a rapid-detection technique developed by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researchers.

Animal-based nutrients linked with higher risk of stomach and esophageal cancers
Yale School of Medicine researchers have found that a diet high in cholesterol, animal protein and vitamin B12 is linked to risk of a specific type of cancer of the stomach and esophagus that has been increasing rapidly.

New findings on stigma, treatment of childhood obesity
The nation's foremost experts in childhood and adolescent obesity are presenting the latest findings on this growing epidemic during Obesity: The Public Health Conference, Nov© 8-9 at Washington's Georgetown University Conference Center© Presentations from physicians and other health officials from such prominent institutions as Harvard, Stanford, CDC, NIH are making new presentations on the stigma, causes, prevention and treatment of childhood and adolescent obesity©

Unnecessary roughness - mild head injury increases the brain's vulnerability to further damage
According to researchers at the Penn Head Injury Center, the brain is more vulnerable to severe, perhaps permanent, injury for at least 24 hours following a concussion.

MIT worldwide mobility study warns of chronic gridlock, pollution; outlines 'grand challenges'
People's insatiable appetite for mobility is heading the world's transportation systems toward unsustainable gridlock and environmental degradation unless several grand challenges are tackled, MIT researchers and colleagues conclude in an Oct.

Yale-Griffin Prevention Research Center to study "spiritual palliation" for AIDS patients at end of life
he Yale-Griffin Prevention Research Center, part of the Yale School of Medicine, has been awarded a two-year, nearly $200,000 grant from the National Institutes of Health to investigate the benefits of a meditation and massage-intervention program for people with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) at the end of life.

Sharp drop in stress hormones may set stage for arthritis, multiple sclerosis after pregnancy
A sharp drop in stress hormones after giving birth to a child may predispose some women to develop certain conditions in which the immune system attacks the body's own tissues, according to researchers at the National Institutes of Health.

Stable methadone patients can successfully continue treatment in a primary care physician's office,Yale researchers find
When stable methadone patients, who were formerly addicted to heroin and other narcotics, switch from a narcotic treatment program to a physician's office for continuing methadone maintenance treatment, they become more accepting of the treatment and they continue to do well, Yale researchers have found.

Groundbreaking national alcoholism study at Yale seeks participants
Yale is one of 11 universities across the country participating in the first national study to determine the most effective current treatments for alcoholism by evaluating various combinations of counseling and medications.

New technique reduces time, risk for liver transplants
Surgeons at The Ohio State University Medical Center have developed a procedure that eases liver transplantation, and in the process reduces the risks often associated with the highly complex surgery.

Yale researcher receives $1.3 million NIH grant to build Center of Excellence in Biomedical Computing
Perry Miller, M.D., professor of anesthesiology and director of Medical Informatics at Yale School of Medicine, has received a $1.3 million grant as part of a new National Institutes of Health (NIH) initiative to support planning for Centers of Excellence in Biomedical Computing at several universities nationwide.

Johns Hopkins to host International Planning Conference for Global AIDS and Health Fund
As United Nations members struggle to address the global AIDS pandemic, the Johns Hopkins University Center for AIDS Research is hosting a two-day conference for the world's public health and HIV experts to develop the blueprint for controlling AIDS and other epidemic infectious diseases.

Penn scientists win $1.26 million to study microfluidic systems
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania have received a three-year, $1.26 million grant, part of a push to develop minute, fluid-based systems that could be used to safely detect minuscule quantities of airborne pathogens, analyze blood in real time and inconspicuously monitor the safety of food and water.

HIV patients more likely to accept a drug regimen if they trust in the physician, Yale researchers find
A study of HIV-infected prisoners shows that they are more likely to accept antiretroviral therapy (ART) if they have trust in the treatment, their physicians and in medical institutions, highlighting the important role that trust plays in HIV therapy, Yale researchers report.

Switching on the fly genome
For the first time, scientists at the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) have used a new technique to monitor the activity of the complete genome of the fruitfly, one of biology's most important model organisms.

Early iron deficiency
Six universities are collaborating on a new $6.9 million multi-project program of research on the brain and behavior in early iron deficiency, headed by Betsy Lozoff, director of the Center for Human Growth and Development at the University of Michigan.

Green Guard goes global
Farmers around the world are set to benefit from the global expansion of CSIRO's environmentally-friendly pesticide Green Guard®.

Yale researchers develop new molecule that eradicates cancer by destroying tumor blood vessels
Researchers at Yale have developed a new molecule they call

ChemGenex uses genomics approach to develop new anticancer drug, predict possible side effects
Understanding how genes respond to chemicals in diseased and normal tissues, in both cell cultures and living systems, can help researchers develop new drugs more efficiently.

Commonly prescribed sedative may cause delirium symptoms in older hospitalized patients, Yale researchers find
The frequently prescribed antihistamine and sedative medication diphenhydramine is associated with a 70 percent increased risk of changes in mental status and evidence of delirium symptoms in older, hospitalized patients, Yale researchers report in a recent study.

JHU SAIS to host conference on bioterrorism and infectious diseases
The Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies will hold a daylong conference, is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to