Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 05, 2001
New ways to forecast presidential election in wake of disputed 2000 contest
Forecasting the winner of the next presidential election could produce a decided shift away from traditional polling, according to two papers being delivered at the annual convention of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMSĀ®) at the Fontainebleau Hilton Resort.

Landmark smallpox vaccine study underway
Volunteers are lining up this week to be vaccinated against smallpox, a once routine occurrence now considered extraordinary yet necessary because of recent events.

Nearly two-thirds of GPs are unaware that insulin resistance, a fundamental cause of type 2 diabetes, is thought to be present in 92% of people with the disease
While GPs' understanding of the definition of insulin resistance is excellent (85% know it is the inability of the body to respond to its own insulin1), the number of patients that it affects is being greatly underestimated.

In powerful gamma-ray bursts, neutrinos may fly out first, scientists say
The most powerful explosions in the universe, gamma-ray bursts, may come with a 10-second warning: an equally violent burst of ultra-high-energy particles called neutrinos.

Treadmills help babies with Down Syndrome
Babies with Down Syndrome can learn to walk earlier and better through regular exercise on a slow treadmill, according to research headed by Dale Ulrich, director of the Center for Motor Behavior in Down Syndrome at the University of Michigan Division of Kinesiology.

Cells from human umbilical cord blood help rats recover from stroke faster, new study finds
Rats that suffered from stroke recovered much of their neurological function quicker following intraveneous injection with cells from human umbilical cord blood, a study by researchers at Henry Ford Hospital and the University of South Florida found.

Safety net health provider
A two-year study, which began Oct. 1 at the University of Michigan School of Public Health, will look at how safety net organizations in Michigan are coping with the current environment.

Study: Immunize refugee children early to prevent deadly measles
Children of refugees should be immunized against deadly measles outbreaks within two weeks after they enter a new country, according to a report in the current issue of the American Journal of Public Health.

Cyclin B1 identified as a new tumor antigen and candidate for the development of a cancer vaccine
Results from a study published in the November issue of the Journal of Experimental Medicine, and featured on the journal's cover, demonstrate that the protein cyclin B1 is a newly identified tumor antigen that holds promise as a candidate for the development of a cancer vaccine.

Satellites shed light on a warmer world
While winter may be approaching, researchers using data from satellites and weather stations around the world have found the air temperature near the Earth's surface has warmed on average by 1 degree F (0.6 degree C) globally over the last century, and they cite human influence as at least a partial cause.

PET changes staging and treatment for newly diagnosed and recurrent lung cancer patients
Positron Emission Tomography (PET) can have a dramatic impact on patient staging and subsequent treatment of persons recently diagnosed or with suspected recurrent non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) according to two studies published in the November, 2001 issue of The Journal of Nuclear Medicine.

Surgeons, not CT or ultrasound, should diagnose appendicitis UC Davis study shows
Despite modern antibiotics, high-tech diagnostic machines and surgical advances, appendicitis still kills as many as 2,000 people in the United States each year.

Giant eyes for the VLT interferometer
On October 29, 2001, ANTU and MELIPAL, two of the four VLT 8.2-m Unit Telescopes at the ESO Paranal Observatory, were linked for the first time.

Update: Public health questions about Anthrax
Dr. Bradley Perkins, CDC anthrax expert, will discuss current information about CDC's response to anthrax investigations.

New rapid anthrax test developed through collaboration between Mayo Clinic and Roche Diagnostics. Test, which provides results in less than one hour, will be made available to United States laboratories
Mayo Clinic has developed a new DNA test to rapidly identify anthrax in human and environmental samples.

New four-in-one tribological probe microscope measures friction, hardness, elasticity, and shape to levels less than a nanometre
Manufacturers of high tech materials and coatings need to understand what is going on at the surface of their products down to the nanometre level.

NIH funds synchrotron beamlines to advance studies of molecular structures
To advance structural studies of biological molecules, two NIH institutes are supporting the design and construction of three new beamlines at Argonne National Laboratory's synchrotron.

UGA researcher awarded $7 million to study substance abuse treatment organizations
A University of Georgia researcher has been awarded two grants worth more than $7.3 million from the National Institutes of Health for his research on substance abuse treatment organizations.

A fish named Wayne-Wanda?
Hermaphrodite fish are on the rise, thanks to the birth control pill and other natural and unnatural forms of estrogen that have made their way into the water.

New evidence for sea-level rise along the coasts of Maine and Nova Scotia
Global warming impacts various conditions on our Earth, one result being changes in sea level.

Statisticians seek clues to what causes disease clusters
Statisticians help medical researchers analyze epidemiological data, mapping and assessing geographic clustering of cancer and leukemia.

Geologist helps to revive 'layer cake' model of stratigraphy
University of Cincinnati geologist Carlton Brett says it's time to revive and revise a 19th century model of the geologic record known as the

Study: tree coring seems to be quicker, cheaper method of measuring radiation
Monitoring uranium contamination by drilling wells costs a lot, but a new study suggests it may be possible to do the same monitoring far more cheaply by coring trees on potentially radioactive sites.

UCSD researchers suggest naturally occurring molecules may alleviate build-up of plaque in Parkinson's patients
Naturally occurring molecules called beta-synucleins may have the ability to halt the excessive build-up of plaque-like deposits called Lewy bodies that are found in the dying neuron cells of Parkinson's disease patients, according to UCSD researchers.

Scientists at UCLA's Jonsson Cancer Center discover gene's role in regulating stem cells in the brain
Scientists at UCLA's Jonsson Cancer Center have taken an important first step toward understanding brain development and the development of brain tumors.

Researchers use tiny bubbles to determine formation temperatures for 300 million year old rocks
The central Appalachian basin in West Virginia and western Maryland has been exploited for oil, natural gas, and coal over many years.

Editorial sets the record straight on the interpretation of the American Heart Association's new hormone replacement therapy guidelines
A groundbreaking editorial addressing the mass confusion and misinterpretation on the cardiovascular benefits of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) written by leading cardiologists, Dr.

Aspirin not a cost effective substitute for colorectal cancer screening
Some animal studies have shown that aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have an anti-tumor effect in the colon.

Northwestern University and DermablendĀ® Cosmetics join forces to treat disfiguring skin disorders
Northwestern University and DermablendĀ® Corrective Cosmetics, Inc., have created the nation's first academic-based clinic that specializes in concealing cosmetic disfigurements such as scars, birthmarks, rosacea, skin discolorations and tatoos.

Arteries secretly re-clog after angioplasty more than half the time
More than half of patients whose heart arteries re-narrow after angioplasty, a procedure to open clogged blood vessels, may have no symptoms of their renewed disease, researchers report in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Duke researchers awarded $7.5 million to study genes and environment
Duke University and four other U.S. academic medical centers were awarded more than $37 million to unravel the interplay between genes and the environment to better understand why some people develop disease and why some remain unaffected when exposed to the same environmental factors.

AIM Tip Sheet, November 6, 2001
1). Aspirin Not a Substitute for Colorectal Cancer Screening 2).Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) Studies Provide New Information 3).

Aspirin not a substitute for colorectal cancer screening
Aspirin is not a cost-effective preventive measure or substitute for colorectal cancer screening tests, a new study finds.

Eighty five percent of practice nurses are underestimating the prevalence of insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes patients
While practice nurses' understanding of the definition of insulin resistance is excellent (80% know it is the inability of the body to respond to its own insulin1), the number of patients that it affects is being greatly underestimated.

Seawall erosion: Are some walls okay?
Owners of beach property have built seawalls to protect their property from storm damage.

USGS talks about America's coastal crisis
America's coastal states, the states bordering the Great Lakes, and the Pacific and Caribbean island territories, are experiencing increasingly severe coastal erosion and a variety of other coastal hazards.

American Society of Plant Biologists Annual Meeting: Plant Biology 2002
The American Society of Plant Biologists annual meeting, Plant Biology 2002, will be held August 3-7, 2002 in Denver at the Adams Mark Hotel.
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