Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 13, 2001
A novel chemotherapy and radiation regimen significantly improves outlook for patients with early-stage Hodgkin's disease
A short course of chemotherapy followed by radiation significantly improves time to disease progression and minimizes toxicity in patients with early-stage Hodgkin's disease, a study by the Southwest Oncology Group reports.

Positive attitude is best prevention against heart disease
For years, hospital emergency physicians have used nitrogylcerin as a gold standard for identifying heart disease as a cause of chest pain.

Explore the early history, culture of Japan
Two divergent accounts of the political, cultural and social currents running through Japan from the 3rd to the 5th centuries--a turning point on the road to state formation--will be explored at a lecture Saturday, November 17, at The Field Museum.

New Val-HeFT data shows valsartan reduces total heart failure hospitalizations
According to new data, the angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) valsartan reduces not only the time to first hospitalization for heart failure but all hospitalizations for this devastating disease.

Study finds no reduction in deaths or heart attacks in heart disease patients treated for depression and low social support
Treating patients who are depressed and lack social support with counseling and psychotropic drugs soon after a heart attack did not lower their risk of death or of having a second heart attack.

UCL to stage international conference on genes in sport
Scientists will look into the present and future role that genetics may play in sport at a one day international conference at University College London.

LIFE-SAVER: World's largest cholesterol-lowering trial reveals massive benefits for high-risk patients
Around a third of all heart attacks and strokes can be avoided in people at risk of vascular disease by using statin drugs to lower blood cholesterol levels - irrespective of the person's age or sex, and even if their cholesterol levels do not seem high.

Hour of heart failure death different for men and women
Men with fatal congestive heart failure are most likely to die at either midnight or near dawn, but women are most vulnerable just near dawn, researchers report today at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2001 conference.

Electron beam CT detects artery disease in former Kawasaki patients
Electron beam CT scans detected calcium buildup in coronary arteries of people who had been treated for a Kawasaki disease-related aneurysm as children.

New glimpse into the pediatric brain
Brain imaging works well in children, too, according to new research at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

UC Davis to develop center for AIDS research to address emerging aids epidemic in north-central California
With a $2.25 million grant from the National Institutes of Health, Evans is leading the effort to develop the North-Central California Center for AIDS Research to address all aspects of HIV infection, from the laboratory bench to community outreach.

Extra caution needed in selecting heart attack patients for use of clot-busing
While clot-busting drugs known as thrombolytics have shown great effectiveness in treating heart attack patients in hospital emergency rooms, a new Duke University Medical Center analysis provides additional evidence that great care must be taken in deciding which patients should receive this life-saving therapy.

Researchers say gene discoveries could translate to health benefits, but consent should be updated
Bridging the immense gap between recent impressive gene discoveries and medical scientists' ability to translate that genetic information into improved health will require many studies involving large groups of participants, researchers say.

Potential of tailoring drugs to genetic makeup confirmed--but challenges remain
At a time when harmful drug reactions are thought to rank just after strokes as a leading cause of death in the U.S., the potential benefits of tailoring drugs to a patient's genetic makeup have been confirmed in a systematic study led by University of California, San Francisco scientists.

Using a patient's own bone marrow cells can help an ailing heart
In the first study of its kind, researchers have used a person's own bone marrow cells to improve blood flow in otherwise untreatable coronary arteries.

Rapid infant weight gain may predict childhood obesity
Rapid rates of weight gain during the first four months of life raise the risk of being overweight at age 7, according to researchers at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.

Newly found estrogen role in males might lead to contraceptive for men
Researchers tapping into the estrogen pathway that regulates fertility in males have found two independent roles of the hormone, and they may have uncovered a new approach for developing a male contraceptive.

Mayo Clinic study finds higher incidence rate of reading disability among boys
Boys were two to three times more likely than girls to be affected by reading disabilities, according to a Mayo Clinic study of 5,718 children in Rochester, Minn.

Compounds in garlic fight malaria and cancer
A group of compounds commonly found in garlic may not only an effective treatment for malaria, the mechanism by which they inhibit the infection appears to be similar to the mechanism they use to fight cancer cells.

Mother's herpes virus infection associated with schizophrenia in her offspring, Hopkins researcher finds
Scientists at Johns Hopkins Children's Center and six other research centers have found that mothers who have had a herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infection at the time of birth are more likely to give birth to children who develop schizophrenia or other psychotic disorders.

Cardiac gene identified as link to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
A Mayo Clinic study published in the Nov. 14 edition of the Journal of the American Medical Association has identified a cardiac gene as a link to sudden death syndrome (SIDS).

Duke researchers find strong genetic link for Parkinson's disease
Duke University Medical Center researchers have completed a genomic screen of Parkinson's disease suggesting that multiple genes are involved in the origins of the most common form of Parkinson's disease that occurs later in life.

UH research center gets boost from $3.5 million EPA grant
A $3.5 million grant from the Environmental Protection Agency to the University of Houston will further environmental research initiatives at the Texas Learning and Computation Center, or TLC2.

Stockings, heparin found to eliminate 'coach class' syndrome
In healthy individuals,

New generation of leaders in cancer research honored
Recipients of the first Paul Marks Prize for Cancer Research, a unique $125,000 award to be shared by young investigators for major accomplishments in cancer research, have been named.

Depressed heart attack survivors unlikely to change behavior
Some depressed heart attack survivors are so convinced they'll never be healthy again that their belief becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy.

Smokers who seek lung screening are likely to be receptive to smoking cessation
Smokers who undergo low-dose helical computed tomographic (CT) scanning for lung cancer were motivated to quit smoking, according to a study conducted by researchers at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, and colleagues at Weill Medical College of Cornell University, and the Hospital for Special Surgery.

Challenges of genetic knowledge
Dr. Francis Collins, director of the National Human Genome Research Institute, will be the keynote speaker Dec.

UC Irvine Advanced Power and Energy Program awarded $3 million grant by California Energy Commission
UCI's Advanced Power and Energy Program was awarded $3,046,196 by the California Energy Commission for research that will speed commercialization of alternative fuels and distributed power generation.

Gene linked to late-onset Parkinson's disease
Genetic variations in the tau gene, which is known to play a role in various forms of dementias, could be responsible for making some people more susceptible to developing the late-onset form of Parkinson's disease, according to evidence reported by Duke University Medical Center researchers in a study in the Nov.

Healthy people have healthy responses to snow shoveling
Although manual snow shoveling is a common trigger of heart attack, it doesn't negatively affect blood clotting in healthy males, according to a study presented today at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2001 conference.

Crack cocaine linked to deadly heart condition
Crack cocaine may rip apart artery walls, according to the first study reviewing a group of middle-aged adults with a condition called aortic dissection, researchers report today at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2001 conference.

'Skeletons' in the closet
Many species have invalid names, creating havoc for those scientists who are in the business of classifying both fossils and current living things, as well as for others who rely on this information.

Faster employment, greater satisfaction for recent Ph.D.s in earth and space sciences
Recent graduates in the earth and space sciences are finding satisfying employment faster, and at higher pay in most sectors, than in previous years.

Bangladesh flood and drought forecasting could bring farmers, cholera victims relief
A cooperative new research project led by the University of Colorado at Boulder studying oscillations in the Indian Ocean and rainfall in the major river basins pouring into Bangladesh should help researchers better forecast floods and the associated spread of cholera in the low-lying nation.

Development of blood clots following long-haul flights prevented with single dose of enoxaparin sodium
Deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism, the potentially life-threatening disorders in which blood clots form primarily in the legs, were prevented in long-haul airline travelers with a history of heart disease through a single dose of the widely prescribed antithrombotic agent enoxaparin sodium (Clexane(R)/Lovenox(R)), according to a new study.
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