Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 19, 2001
Study first to confirm acupuncture's effect
University of Vermont researchers have found the first scientific evidence of the response of body tissue to acupuncture needling.

Air Force grant to ease communication bottleneck in design process
The design of large-scale systems such as automobiles, aircraft, and ships involve multiple disciplines.

Ocean frontier revealed: scientists to describe unexpected discoveries of arctic research cruise
The Arctic Ocean is one of Earth's least explored oceanic frontiers.

Drowsy fruit flies illuminate first molecular pathway, in any species, known to regulate rest and wakefulness
Working with sleep-deprived fruit flies, scientists at the University of Pennsylvania have uncovered the first molecular pathway, in any species, implicated in the shift between rest and wakefulness.

Even small rise in family income helps young children from poor families
A small amount of money can make a big difference for young children from poor families, increasing their social skills and readiness for school to levels seen in children from middle-class families, according to a new study.

Melting glaciers diminished Gulf Stream, cooled Western Europe, during last Ice Age
At the end of the last Ice Age --11.5 to 13 thousand years ago -- the north Atlantic deep water circulation system that drives the Gulf Stream may have shut down because of melting glaciers that added freshwater into the north Atlantic Ocean over several hundred years, confirm researchers funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF)'s paleoclimate program.

Northeastern Univeristy, professor Barry L. Karger, and applied biosystems form collaboration to research advances in separation technology for proteomics
Northeastern University, and Professor Barry L. Karger, Director of the Barnett Institute of Chemical and Biological Analysis at Northeastern University, and Applied Biosystems Group (NYSE:ABI), an Applera Corporation business, today announced a collaboration to explore advanced approaches in separations technology to enable new highly automated high-throughput systems for the analysis of proteins and peptides for proteomics.

Attention-deficit linked to smokers' self-medication needs
People who have trouble paying attention, especially those who also tend to be hyperactive, may smoke tobacco in order to help manage their symptoms, a new study indicates.

American customer satisfaction index
While consumer confidence has fallen considerably in the face of a weakening economy and in the aftermath of the Sept.

Gene discovery offers insight into spina bifida
Researchers may be a step closer to understanding the reasons behind a class of devastating birth abnormalities, thanks to a study published today in the journal Human Molecular Genetics.

Pre-teens involved in hobbies and sports get better grades, are better behaved
The way a 10-year-old child spends his or her free time is closely related to how well-adjusted that child is now, and will be in two years, a recent study reveals.

Spacecraft to explore atmospheric frontier set for December launch
A spacecraft destined to explore one of the last frontiers in Earth's atmosphere is to launch Dec.

Relatives who care for elderly frequently miss work, deserve public help, SFVAMC study says
People who care for their frail elderly relatives instead of putting them in nursing homes frequently miss work or leave their jobs entirely, according to research from San Francisco VA Medical Center (SFVAMC).

Annals of Internal Medicine, tip sheet, November 20, 2001
1). Blood Thinner After Hip Replacement Appears to Reduce Chance of Clots; 2).

HIV 'rides' into cells on membrane rafts, NIAID scientists determine
The AIDS-causing virus, HIV, must attach to cholesterol-rich regions of a cell's membrane before it can do its destructive work, researchers at the NIAID have discovered.

Widespread knowledge of CPR, defibrillation vital for saving lives
Death from sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) can be significantly reduced if cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and defibrillation are administered before emergency medical services (EMS) arrive, according to an editorial in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

LSU to host media fellowship program on coastal and hurricane research
Louisiana State University will host a media fellowship program, coordinated by the Council for Advancement and Support of Education, on coastal and hurricane research, April 23-25, 2002, in Baton Rouge, La.

NIH awards grant to MetaPhore to study new heart disease drug
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has awarded a six-month $261,000 Small Business and Innovation Research (SBIR) grant to MetaPhore Pharmaceuticals, Inc.® to study a potential new therapy for ischemic heart disease.

Racial difference seen in effectiveness of stop-smoking programs
Some smoking cessation programs proven effective for a general population may not work as well for black smokers, according to a new study.

Lupus brain damage pathway illuminated
Scientists studying systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), a chronic, inflammatory, autoimmune disease whose symptoms can include neurological damage, have discovered a possible molecular mechanism for brain dysfunction in some people with the disease.

Photon switch on leading edge of more powerful computers
Researchers at the University of Toronto have discovered a

High HIV levels shut down anti-HIV immune responses
New research suggests that HIV-specific T cells persist in infected individuals, but high virus levels can diminish the ability of those cells to respond to infection.

Physician participation in executions is a violation of medical ethics
Despite arguments that physician involvement in executions reduces prisoners' pain and suffering, lethal injection and other forms of capital punishment are no closer to being medical procedures than is killing with a knife or a gun, according to two Northwestern University researchers.

UPMC surgeons use surgical pen that draws lines on heart to treat atrial fibrillation
Surgeons at the University of Pittsburgh are evaluating an experimental surgical

New theory proposed for cystic fibrosis infections
Cystic fibrosis is a fatal lung disease caused by an altered gene, but how the gene affects cells is not completely understood.

Programs promoting educational excellence worldwide
The University of Michigan School of Education recently received a first-time $175,000 educational grant from the Goldman Sachs Foundation to evaluate research involving GSF's signature initiatives.

Ocean circulation shut down by melting glaciers after last ice age
At the end of the last Ice Age 13 to 11.5 thousand years ago, the North Atlantic Deep Water circulation system that drives the Gulf Stream may have shut down because of melting glaciers that added freshwater into the North Atlantic Ocean over several hundred years, NASA and university researchers confirm.

Human-computer interaction textbook uses hands on methods, introduces usability 'trade offs'
A new human-computer interaction (HCI) textbook offers a combination of introductory material and hands-on usability methods, and introduces

Poverty, maternal depression linked to slowed early development
Higher income seems to compensate for obstacles to early development seen in young children with depressed mothers.

Adelaide scientists make HIV a safe aid in gene therapy
Researchers at the Women's and Children's Hospital, Adelaide have today published a paper in Human Gene Therapy in which they have shown that Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1), after modification can be safely used to transfer therapeutic genes into human cells without transferring the disease.The use of this HIV-1 transfer approach has wide applicability for gene therapy in a variety of human genetic diseases.

Flower chemicals attract some insects but deter others with toxic warning
When some insects zero in on a flower for nectar, their ultraviolet vision is guided by a bull's-eye

New U. of Colorado electron microscopes provide cell images never seen before
The University of Colorado at Boulder has acquired two new state-of-the-art electron microscopes and a suite of complementing computers that are providing three-dimensional images of cellular structures that have never been seen before.

Bioterrorism preparedness
The University of Michigan School of Public Health is asking challenging questions about how the nation's public health system and the school itself should deal with biological, chemical and nuclear terrorism a forum Nov.

All food energy improves memory in elderly, study says
All types of food energy, not just carbohydrates, appear to enhance memory performance in healthy older adults, says a study published in the November issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

Blood vessels grown in live animals
Biomedical engineers at the University of Michigan have grown a healthy network of blood vessels in live animals using implants that deliver critical growth enzymes sequentially as in nature.
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