Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 05, 2001
Astronomers unveil first detection of dark matter object in the Milky Way
Astronomers from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, in collaboration with an international team of researchers, have directly detected and measured the properties of a gravitational microlensing event in the Milky Way.

First image and spectrum of a dark matter object
An international team of astronomers has observed a Dark Matter object directly for the first time.

UCSB lab discovers cross-protective vaccine
New medical research at the University of California, Santa Barbara represents a significant step toward preventing infections through the development of vaccines that elicit protection against several different disease-causing strains.

Green Mud cure for $2 billion loss
Worldwide, the oil industry suffers an estimated $2 billion loss every year due to collapsed and sidetracked holes, lost tools and abandoned wells.

United Kingdom to join ESO on July 1, 2002
The Councils of the European Southern Observatory (ESO) and the UK Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council (PPARC), at their respective meetings on December 3 and 5, 2001, have endorsed the terms for UK membership of ESO, as recently agreed by their Negotiating Teams.

Symposium engages debate on role of science
Against the backdrop of the nation's current war on terrorism, AAAS will sponsor a symposium to consider the delicate balance between the demands of national security and the need to protect scientific freedom and human rights.

Scientists gain new understanding of how vagus nerve stimulation treats epilepsy
Seizure control improves in patients with epilepsy when vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) increases blood flow in the thalamic areas of the brain, according to a study presented Dec.

Garlic supplements can impede HIV medication
Researchers have found garlic supplements can cause a potentially harmful side effect when combined with a type of medication used to treat HIV/AIDS.

Researchers discover how to control electron spin electrically
Researchers at the University of California at Santa Barbara report in the Dec.

Minority Medicaid recipients least likely to be on most effective AIDS drugs
Among Medicaid recipients with AIDS, African Americans experience the longest delays in starting the most powerful anti-HIV drug regimens and are the least likely to use them consistently enough for maximum benefit, a new study reveals.

Astronomers unveil first detection of dark matter object in the Milky Way
Astronomers from the University of Pennsylvania, in collaboration with an international team of researchers, have made the first direct detection and measurement of the properties of a dark matter object in the Milky Way.

Water, sediments in ice-bound antarctic lakes may harbor unique microorganisms, ecosystems
Liquid lakes buried thousands of meters below the Antarctic ice sheet are likely the home to unique habitats and creatures that thrive in them.

UNC, Duke researchers discover cause of mysterious pancreatitis in some people
Working together, medical school faculty at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Duke University have discovered a previously unrecognized cause of pancreatitis, a common ailment often correctly attributed to alcohol or drug abuse.

Fossil teeth reveal recent origin of human growth pattern
The long period of development leading up to a modern human's adulthood arose relatively late in our evolutionary history, according to an analysis of growth patterns in fossil teeth in the 6 December issue of the journal Nature.

Study identifies new treatment option for heart failure patients
Final results of the Valsartan Heart Failure Trial (Val-HeFT) published in the Dec.

Exploring the digital universe with Europe's Astrophysical Virtual Observatory
A new European initiative called the Astrophysical Virtual Observatory (AVO) is being launched to provide astronomers with a breathtaking potential for new discoveries.

UMass polymer scientists challenge old theory; Offer greater precision in creating new materials
A team of University of Massachusetts polymer scientists has challenged a longstanding theory regarding how plastics harden, perhaps offering scientists finer control over the flexibility or rigidity of specially produced plastics.

Plaque-forming protein seen in Alzheimer's linked to clogged brain transportation system
A protein linked to accumulation of harmful brain plaque in Alzheimer's patients has been shown in fruit flies and mice to be an important part of a molecular transportation system that moves signals and vital protein cargoes within the brain.

Beware of leap year when predicting climate change, warns researcher
A word of warning to scientists studying climate change: Don't forget to factor leap year into your calculations.

Future looks bright for StarLight
The international gigabit-plus speed optical fiber network connection point

Return of the mummy makers
Embalming was quite a secretive trade among mummy makers in Egypt.

Children's Cancer Fund brings world-class pediatric cancer specialist to Dallas
The Children's Cancer Fund of Dallas, now in its 19th year of supporting laboratory and clinical research, has helped bring one of the world's most promising young pediatric hematologist/oncologists to UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas.

World Trade Center research to be reviewed at NYC workshop
Engineers and social scientists funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) to conduct research in the wake of September 11 will discuss their progress at a workshop in December at New York University, New York City.

Study finds brain's reward areas also activated by pain
The experiences of pain and pleasure have been described as the extreme ends of a continuum.

What makes Europa pink?
The rosy glow of Europa, one of Jupiter's moons, could be caused by frozen bits of bacteria, according to an American researcher.

Tracking path of virulent bacteria via the web
Cornell University food science and computer science students have developed Web-based software to track and compare genetic footprints of bacteria.

Physicians screening more patients for prostate cancer
Doctors report increased use of prostate specific antigen tests to screen for early stage prostate cancer, according to a new study.

Defective cell transport suggested in Alzheimer's disease
HHMI researchers show that several Alzheimer's-disease-related proteins several of these proteins are involved in trafficking cargo inside nerve cells.
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