Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 07, 2001
NIST miniature refrigerator flies aboard current shuttle mission
The smallest cryocooler (a gaseous refrigeration device with no moving parts) in the world is in the

Study of key enzyme sheds new light on programmed cell death and may lead to new drugs for reducing the severity of stroke
Critical new data on a complex enzyme that lies at the crossroad between cell suicide and tumor suppression has opened a promising new front in the battle to find effective treatments for stroke and cancer.

Commerce secretary announces new standard for global information security
The Advanced Encryption Standard is now the official federal method for protecting sensitive computerized information and financial transactions.

New report calls for huge changes to Kosovan farming industry
Expert advising the European Union on rural recovery programme for Kosovo says financial help for farmers should be focused on businesses which have a long term chance of success.

Countries that share capital market and monetary policy linkages are less likely to go to war
Countries that maintain in-depth financial and economic ties with each other are less likely to engage in military conflict, according to a Penn State study.

Tiny particles of pollution may carry large consequences for Earth's water supply
A new study conducted by researchers at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California, San Diego, argues that particles of human-produced pollution may be playing a significant role in weakening Earth's water cycle much more than previously realized.

New NIST test says 'Y' be uncertain about DNA identification
Using a Y-chromosome DNA typing to determine family lineage -- an method used for forensic work, paternity testing and other human identification needs -- has traditionally been unreliable.

TIMED atmospheric spacecraft successfully launched
NASA's TIMED spacecraft -- en route to explore one of the last frontiers in Earth's atmosphere -- was launched and inserted into orbit on Friday, Dec.

The sun's chilly impact on Earth
A new NASA computer climate model reinforces the long-standing theory that low solar activity could have changed the atmospheric circulation in the Northern Hemisphere from the 1400s to the 1700s and triggered a

New NIST imaging tool has X-ray eyes
Kim Carnes may have had a Top 10 single with the song

Indiana Univ. School of Medicine gets most powerful MRI machine in state and one of the first of this strength in the U.S.
A $2.2 million Magnetic Resonance Imaging scanner, the most powerful one in the state and one of the first of this strength in the U.S, was moved by crane Friday, Dec.

Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's medical center to test treatment for shift workers plagued by chronic sleep disorder
The Sleep Disorders Center at Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center is participating in a nationwide clinical research study to explore a potential treatment for chronic Shift Work Sleep Disorder (SWSD), a condition that affects at least 70 percent of the more than 15 million Americans classified as shift workers by the U.S Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Ultracold plasmas are a chilling puzzle
Plasma is believed to be the most common form of matter in the universe, and in most cases, a really hot item (greater than 100,000 degrees Celsius in the core of a star).

$1.2M USDA grant to study Northeast organic farming
The U.S. Department of Agriculture's Initiative for Future Agriculture and Food Systems has awarded a $1.2 million grant for the creation of a new organic farming network managed by Cornell University's Department of Horticulture.
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