Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 11, 2001
Ischemic changes not linked to adverse outcome after t-PA treatment
Stroke patients with brain changes caused by a lack of blood flow, as detected by CT scan, should not be excluded from treatment with the clot-dissolving drug t-PA, concluded a Henry Ford Hospital study published in this week's Journal of the American Medical Association.

Scientists to probe weather at the edge of space
The launch of a new research satellite December 7 is expected to provide scientists with an unprecedented view of the mysterious upper regions of the earth's atmosphere.

Research to be presented concerning Bexxar® at the American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting
Research will be presented at the American Society of Hematology 43rd Annual Meeting and Exposition concerning Bexxar® (Tositumomab and Iodine I 131 Tositumomab), an investigational radioimmunotherapy being studied for the treatment of low-grade or transformed low-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL).

Like storm clouds, natural disasters carry a silver lining, biologist says
Humans usually think of forest fires, floods, tornadoes and hurricanes as unmitigated disasters, but such upheavals also do much good, even if most of the good is under-appreciated, a University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill biologist says in his book

New type of neutrino may exist say scientists
A collaboration of university scientists and researchers working at Los Alamos Laboratory in New Mexico has published a final result paper that describes controversial research regarding neutrinos.

2001 Louisa Gross Horwitz prize awarded to ubiquitin system researchers Avram Hershko and Alexander Varshavsky
Columbia University will award this year's Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize to Dr.

Osteoporosis remains underdiagnosed in the United States
More women should be getting tested for osteoporosis, a devastating bone disease that can lead to debilitating fractures, according to results from the largest U.S. study of osteoporosis risk factors, which was led by a physician from Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons.

Researchers identify gene required for marking DNA as having come from the mother
In a finding that could help scientists better understand the basis of sexual reproduction, researchers at Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons have for the first time identified a gene required for establishing the genomic imprinting of maternal genes.

Research indicates Alaska's Columbia Glacier will retreat 10 miles in next decade
New University of Colorado at Boulder research indicates the massive Columbia Glacier in Alaska will continue to increase its rate of recession over the next decade, possibly retreating as much as 10 miles in that time and creating a new fjord.

Sexually assaulted spouses report crimes sooner, U of T study shows
Women sexually assaulted by their husbands are more likely to inform police sooner than women sexually abused by boyfriends or acquaintances, a University of Toronto study shows.

Jumpy reflex is defence mechanism, researchers find
University of Toronto researchers have discovered that the main purpose of the startle reflex -- the mechanism that makes people twitch at sudden loud noises -- is to protect the body against blows.

Rutgers astronomer sheds new light on dark matter
An international 30-member research team led by Rutgers astronomer Licia Verde has published definitive evidence plotting the distribution of dark matter in the universe, tracing a pattern of near 200,000 galaxies mapped by the Australian 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey.

Low doses of radiation in nature may pose more risk
Radiation can trigger widespread mutations in living cells at much lower doses than the amount scientists previously believed could do such damage, according to findings from a study by Columbia researchers.

Jefferson scientists show how collagen gene mutation leads to osteoarthritis
Scientists have shown how a genetic alteration in a type of collagen can lead to osteoarthritis.

Pet scans can monitor fatty acid metabolism diseases
PET scanning can improve the diagnosis and characterization of fatty acid metabolism diseases, conditions which, if untreated, can lead to severe heart problems and sudden death in affected children, according to results from a study by researchers at Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons.

Study, review and editorial focus on religion, spirituality and medicine
A study that appears in the December issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings outlines the importance of religion and spirituality in medicine with many patients, but notes it is difficult to prove that the result is better health from intercessory prayer -- prayer by one or more people on behalf of another.

Salk scientists Francis Crick's scientific papers to be housed at UC San Diego and in London
Copies of the collected scientific papers of Nobelist Francis Crick, co-discoverer of DNA and a member of the faculty of The Salk Institute, will be housed in the special collections section of the Geisel Library at the University of California, San Diego.

USC researchers link muscle disease to enzyme associated with"Alzheimer protein"
Finding may have implications for treatment of both diseases.

Acceleron Electron Beam, LLC, wins grant from the U.S. Department of Energy to commercialize new welding technique developed at Brookhaven Lab
An electron-beam welding technique developed at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory is one of 13 energy-saving projects nationwide that won a grant from DOE's National Industrial Competitiveness through Energy, Environment and Economics program, known as NICE3.

New view of bacteria-mineral interface to advance bioremediation
Researchers can now precisely map mineral crystals and bacterial growth on basalt using a customized laser imaging Fourier transform mass spectrometer.

Durable responses reported with Bexxar
Bexxar, currently under review at the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), may offer an important new treatment option for relapsed or refractory NHL patients, and in particular for patients whose prognosis is usually very poor, according to studies presented at the 43rd annual meeting of the American Society of Hematology (ASH).

Baxter's HomeChoice Pediatric dialysis system receives market clearance from FDA
Baxter Healthcare Corporation announced today it has received clearance from the U.S.

Columbia team finds treatment that corrects cellular defect at the root of heart failure
Researchers at Columbia University have shown for the first time that beta blockers - drugs used to treat cardiovascular disease - can correct a specific defect in failing hearts.

Researchers uncover how some AIDS drugs may cause cardiovascular problems
Researchers have uncovered important clues about how certain anti-AIDS drugs, called protease inhibitors, may lead to the severe cardiovascular problems suffered by many patients taking the medications.

New low-dose radiation therapy at Packard treats brain tumors while cutting brain damage risk
Parents of children with brain tumors face an excruciating dilemma.

Water quality was issue in ancient Rome, says University of Toronto scholar
Can the great technological feats of the early Romans still inform urban planning today?

Nuclear medicine aids early diagnosis of pulmonary anthrax
The Newsline section of the December issue of The Journal of Nuclear Medicine, will report on a nuclear medicine procedure that has the potential to safely pinpoint even the smallest amounts of infected tissue which has received preliminary approval from FDA for a clinical trial in the diagnosis of inhalation anthrax before symptoms become apparent.

Fractal models of blue jets, blue starters show similarity, differences to red sprites
Blue jets and blue starters form from multiple streamers of electrical energy rather than as a single glowing column, according to Penn State researchers who modeled the formation of these atmospheric phenomena.

Pollution in Asian air mass likely measured on both sides of Pacific
Scientists watched closely last spring as a haze of pollution, which had been tracked by satellite as it crossed the Pacific Ocean, settled over a large swath of North America from Calgary, Canada, into Arizona.
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