Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 17, 2001
Funding for Americans with Disabilities Act enforcement inadequate to do job, study shows
When it passed in 1990, supporters hailed the Americans with Disabilities Act as the most significant civil rights law ever enacted for people with disabilities and the most important civil rights legislation since the Civil Rights Act of 1964, a University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill researcher recalls.

Scent of a lobster
No question about it... spiny lobsters aren't pretty. Keith Ward, chair of ONR's Biomolecular and Biosystems Science and Technology Group, doesn't particularly like their looks either, but he knows their sense of smell is astounding.

Survey of intensive care units concludes that the current approach to preventing deep vein thrombosis is substandard
In this month's Critical Care, a survey of 44 intensive care units (ICU) suggests that the care taken to prevent deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and its complications is substandard.

On California's Channel Islands, native predators became prey when feral pigs rearranged the food web
Feral pigs have caused a complete restructuring of the food web on California's Channel Islands, threatening the native island fox with extinction.

UT Southwestern researcher investigates acupuncture for treatment of patients with bipolar disorder
Dr. Tricia Suppes has long been concerned about the 1.9 million Americans with bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness.

New lab test could speed development of new class of AIDS drugs
A fast, sensitive laboratory test that measures the molecular components involved during the critical moment when HIV infects a normal cell has been developed by researchers in the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) School of Medicine and VA San Diego Healthcare System.

Primitive microbe offers model for evolution of animals
A microorganism whose evolutionary roots can be traced to the era of the first multicellular animals may provide a glimpse of how single-celled organisms made a critical evolutionary leap.

NHLBI study finds DASH diet and reduced sodium lowers blood pressure for all
The DASH diet plus reduced dietary sodium lowers blood pressure for all persons, according to the first detailed subgroup analysis of the DASH study results.

Promising new target for cancer chemotherapy identified by UCSD and Swedish researchers
Researchers at the UCSD School of Medicine, in conjunction with colleagues from Lund University in Sweden, have identified in the laboratory a promising new target for cancer chemotherapy that could impact tumor formation and metastasis by inhibiting cell growth.

Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center investigator finds that transplant patients' newly-developed immune systems function effectively 20 to 30 years later
For the first time, researchers have evaluated the immunity of long-term bone-marrow and stem-cell transplant survivors.

Low levels of a good cholesterol enzyme bad for artery disease
An enzyme that breaks up lipids in high-density lipoprotein (HDL - the

RHIC begins colliding high-energy polarized protons
The newest and largest particle accelerator at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory is taking a break from recreating the conditions of the early universe to investigate another fundamental question that has puzzled physicists: Where do protons get their spin?

Scientists milk animals for malaria vaccine
In a study reported December 18 in PNAS online, researchers developed mice that could secrete an experimental malaria vaccine into their milk.

Virginia Tech researcher works to reduce use of toxic solvents in polymers processing
Replacing solvents with carbon dioxide (CO2) would significantly reduce the costs of manufacturing acrylic polymers, and CO2 does not pose a threat to the environment.

Breast cancer research may lead to fewer mastectomies
New research into breast cancer detection and surgery may lead to fewer women having mastectomies.

Breaking the silence: Discovery could lead to new treatments for cancer, sickle-cell anemia
Researchers at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center have discovered a chemical compound that reverses a process called silencing, in which genes or chromosomal regions are shut off.

Experts announce global antimicrobial resistance initiative - World preview of the Global White Paper on bacterial resistance in respiratory tract infections - a call for concerted international action
Leading experts from around the world today put forth a global challenge to policy-makers and healthcare professionals to combat the crisis of rapidly increasing antimicrobial resistance.

Do you compute?
When neuro- and psychobiologists try to reverse engineer certain brain functions in order to produce a system that might mimic some of the brain's extraordinary abilities, more often than not they fail.

Glaucoma among Mexican-Americans
Glaucoma is more common among U.S. Hispanics than previously thought and is the leading cause of blindness in this growing ethnic group, according to a national study led by Johns Hopkins researchers.

Leptin levels linked to heart attack risk
Leptin, a protein secreted by fat cells, may be an independent risk factor for heart disease in humans, according to an article today in Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Blood pressure medications not equal, researchers say
A blood pressure medicine's success at lowering pressure shouldn't be the only measure of its effectiveness, say researchers from Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center and colleagues in an editorial in this week's Annals of Internal Medicine

Microbe genes help scientists reconstruct animal origins
Scientists have identified what they believe represents a common ancestor of all animals on Earth.

UNC botanist spearheads ongoing effort to curtail movement of pest plant species
Dr. Peter S. White spearheads an international effort to protect native varieties from aggressive foreign flora.

Battling the barnacle
For as long as we've been putting boats in water, we've been battling those pesky critters that want to attach themselves for a free ride.

Drinking linked to disability among older Americans
Men and women over the age of 50 are more likely to be disabled if they have a persistent history of problem drinking, according to a new study.

NSF invites media to report on Antarctic GLOBEC research cruise
The National Science Foundation (NSF), which runs the U.S. Antarctic Program (USAP), is accepting written requests from professional journalists to take part in the Southern Ocean Global Ocean Ecosystems Dynamics (SO GLOBEC) research cruise, which begins in early April 2002.

New public-domain database could advance human computer interaction through sound
Researchers in California have created a new, publicly available database of acoustic measurements of human subjects that may help engineers build personalized sound systems for computers that could rival or even exceed the experience of listening to a high-end home theater system.

Annals of Internal Medicine, Tip Sheet, December 18, 2001
1). Controlling Hypertension Three Ways 2). Newspaper Articles on Mammography Seldom Accurate or Complete

University of Pittsburgh receives $8 million to study alcohol and HIV interactions
Alcohol is the most common drug of abuse among people infected with HIV.

World chemical industry struggled in 2001; some areas expected to recover in 2002
The U.S. chemical industry posted slow growth in 2001, plagued by weakness in the overall U.S. economy.

Cancer drugs induce premature aging in tumor cells
UIC researchers have found that chemotherapy can permanently arrest the growth of tumor cells, countering a long-held view that the only way to stop cancer is to kill the proliferating cells.

Virginia Tech researchers join NSF Arabidopsis 2010 Project; may help produce plants that defend themselves without pesticides
Virginia Tech and Iowa University researchers have received a $2-million NSF grant for three years to study the

URI volcanologists' analysis of 1883 Krakatau eruption helps assess volcanic hazards
Large-scale explosive eruptions from volcanoes located close to the sea often generate tsunamis that can carry volcanic fallout or flow material onto distant coastal areas.
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