Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 04, 2002
Time draws near for minority students seeking financial assistance
The deadline of March 1, 2002 is fast approaching for submitting applications to the American Chemical Society's Scholars Program.

Bodybuilders abusing prescription-only drugs bought on the Internet
Bodybuilders who abuse prescription-only drugs bought on the internet are risking their health, highlights a case report in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

Spring break destination have different lures for males, females
There's more to spring break than sun, surf and sex.

Johns Hopkins scientists find brain's nose plug
Scientists from The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and elsewhere have found the brain's

Safety of home births
There has been a great deal of debate surrounding the safety of home delivery with a midwife versus hospital delivery.

Canada lags in use of blood conservation techniques
Brian Feagan and colleagues report that the use of blood conservation techniques in elective surgery remains low in Canada.

DOE begins international effort to sequence tree genome
Cottonwoods, hybrid poplars and aspens could play a role in improving the environment, displacing imported oil and creating domestic jobs, but first scientists from the Department of Energy, Oak Ridge National Laboratory and around the world have to sequence the Populus genome.

Experts offer the skinny on search for healthy fat
Although current research suggests that we replace some of the omega-6 fats in our diets with the omega-3s in order to have a healthier balance of essential fats, that's easier said than done.

MIT's robotic helicopter makes first acrobatic roll
MIT researchers are creating the world's first acrobatic robotic bird--a small, agile helicopter that the military could use in mountainous and urban combat and that could offer the entertainment industry a new means of capturing aerial imagery.

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet Feb. 5, 2002
Issue highlights include a 'prudent' diet, which reduces risk for developing type 2 diabetes; renewal of vows to professionalism by internal medicine organizations; two studies showing that moderate alcohol may be good for the heart, but that the line between its risks and benefits on heart health is still tricky; and an article on chiropractic treatment at a crossroads.

Trunk fat causes heavy load for boys
Boys with chubby bellies are more likely to have high blood pressure than their slimmer counterparts, according to a report in today's rapid access issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

CRP provides another reason to lose weight and gain heart health
Losing weight may lower blood levels of the inflammatory marker called C-reactive protein (CRP), a factor associated with an increased risk of heart disease, according to a report in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Propellant-free space propulsion technology marks critical milestone at NASA Marshall Center
Propellant-free propulsion technology has taken a critical step toward reality, completing a series of systems tests at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala.

Pitt's transplant team uses standard stem cell procedure in unique way for recipient of living donor kidney transplant
Peripheral blood stem cell transplantation is standard for patients with certain types of cancers, but in what is believed to be a first, it was tried in a patient receiving a kidney from a living donor as a means to induce drug-free tolerance of the transplanted organ.

British public supports mercy killing
The British public supports the idea of mercy killing, reveals an analysis published in the Journal of Medical Ethics.

Low-dose combo no better than aspirin alone in secondary prevention
Giving heart attack patients a combined low dose of the anticoagulant drug warfarin with low-dose aspirin does not prevent second heart attacks or strokes better than aspirin alone, researchers report in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Researchers identify for the first time proteins vital to maintaining nervous system architecture
Researchers at Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons and the Albert Einstein College of Medicine have found, for the first time, that certain proteins maintain the nervous system architecture after the developing body lays down the wiring pattern.

Harlem residents suffer more from oral health problems
Harlem adult residents say they suffer more from oral health problems than other medical complaints, such as asthma, diabetes and hypertension, according to a study by researchers at Columbia University's School of Dental and Oral Surgery and Mailman School of Public Health.

Cave men diets offer insights to today's health problems, study shows
Eat meat. That's the dietary advice given by a team of scientists who examined the dietary role of fat.

Researchers identify gene in rare form of epilepsy
Columbia Health Sciences researchers have identified a gene implicated in a rare form of epilepsy, a finding that could provide insights into the cause of common epilepsy.

Four universities receive NSF grants for scientific drilling of Lake Malawi in East Africa
Researchers from four universities have been awarded a $2 million grant through the National Science Foundation's Earth System History (ESH) program to take to the next level the scientific drilling of large lakes for paleoclimate research.

Small babies who gain weight too fast have higher BP as adults
Rapid weight gain in children who were low birth weight babies may increase their risk for high blood pressure in adulthood, according to a report in today's rapid access issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

High CO2 levels hamper nitrate incorporation by plants
Rising levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide that are associated with global warming can interfere with plants' ability to incorporate certain forms of nitrogen, dramatically altering the plant life worldwide and forcing significant changes in agricultural fertilizer use, according to a plant physiologist at the University of California, Davis.

Researchers identify a key 'brake' of the immune response
Scientists at Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons and elsewhere report they have identified a key pair of molecules, called ILT3 and ILT4, that could help clinicians precisely modulate the immune response to help treat a variety of diseases.

A major scientific survey finds more species than in the entire Mediterranean at Lifou, Loyalty Islands
This wide-ranging biological survey revealed a magnificent diversity of tropical fauna.

Tether for water channels found: May impact research on brain swelling
Brain swelling begins when water molecules pass through a microscopic

Mayo Clinic researchers identify gene for inherited kidney and liver disease in young children
Researchers at Mayo Clinic have identified the gene causing an inherited form of childhood kidney disease associated with renal failure and neonatal death.

Folding upon binding: unique protein activation mechanism found by scientists at TSRI
A group of scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have solved the structure of two critical human proteins that are normally unstructured in the cell, but fold synergistically so that together they form an active biological structure.

The hidden danger of hockey
A new study by Sanita Atwal and colleagues in the Canadian Medical Association Journal suggests that recreational players may be exercising too intensely and triggering dangerous cardiac responses.

Intensive training may not be as bad for young women as previously thought
Intensive training may not stunt young women's physical development as we have been led to believe.

High intensity focused ultrasound for prostate cancer investigated at Indiana University School of Medicine
A Phase I clinical trial (one of only two in US) at the Indiana University School of Medicine investigates efficiency and safety of using high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) for prostate cancer combining 3-D technology to plot the location of cancerous cells and then fire ultra-focused sound waves to destroy them.

Organizations renew professionalism vows
Three influential organizations of internal medicine physicians have unveiled a new charter on medical professionalism.

Study shows caregiver and patient costs rise as symptom severity increases in Alzheimer's disease
In one of the largest national studies of its kind, UCLA researchers found that caregiver and patient health-care costs dramatically rise as symptoms progress in Alzheimer's disease.

Rapid weight gain in infancy may lead to obesity at age 7
Rapid rates of weight gain during infancy could be linked to obesity later in childhood, report researchers from The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.

Eat your veggies: Indirect anti-oxidants provide long-term protection
A cancer-preventing compound in broccoli, first isolated a decade ago at Hopkins, may prove to protect against a much broader spectrum of diseases.
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