Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 05, 2002
Tanning lamps may increase risks of skin cancers
Users of tanning lamps may have an increased incidence of skin cancers and younger users may be at greatest risk, report Dartmouth Medical School (DMS) researchers.

Tanning devices may contribute to incidence of common skin cancers
The use of artificial tanning devices such as tanning lamps and tanning beds may contribute to the incidence of two common types of skin cancer, basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, a new study suggests.

Misclassification of death may influence perceived value of cancer screening
A statistical analysis of past randomized trials of cancer screening tests suggests that misclassifications in the cause of death may have biased the trial results in favor of screening.

A greener, cleaner groundwater cleanup process
A new bioremediation process developed at the U.S. Department of Energy's Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) is making the difficult job of removing chlorinated solvents from groundwater much easier.

A few drinks a day do no harm to the alcoholic heart
For alcoholics who suffer from alcohol-related heart failure, cutting back to a few drinks a day does not cause any further damage.

Dartmouth research examines the value of cancer screening
As people consider the merits or drawbacks of cancer screening, a Dartmouth Medical School study weighs in with some new observations, based on a statistical analysis of past trials, that may help put cancer screening in better perspective.

Former astronaut Aldrin, Purdue engineers planning Mars hotels
Buzz Aldrin, the second man to walk on the moon, is leading a team of researchers to design a new class of spacecraft that would serve as orbiting hotels perpetually cruising between Earth and Mars.

Satellites vs. mosquitoes: Tracking West Nile Virus in the U.S.
NASA-funded study uses temperature and vegetation data from satellites to help track and predict where West Nile Virus is spreading in North America.

Elderly lung cancer patients tolerate aggressive chemotherapy as well as younger patients
According to a newly published study by researchers at the Fox Chase Cancer Center, fit elderly patients are able to tolerate aggressive chemotherapy regimens as well as younger patients when being treated for non-small cell lung cancer.

Sandia awards licensing agreement to NeoSafety
The Department of Energy's Sandia National Laboratories has awarded a worldwide licensing agreement to NeoSafety, a workplace risk solutions company, to market the RAMPART™ method and software and co-develop a suite of complementary products.

HIV/AIDS impact on education intensifies economic downfall
The economic decline caused by the HIV/AIDS epidemic in one of Africa's hardest hit sub-Saharan countries, Mozambique, may translate into even more dramatic losses as the disease takes a toll on education, according to a World Bank report by a Purdue University agricultural economist.

Spiral waves break hearts: Importance of communication between cardiac cells is demonstrated
Just in time for Valentine's Day, a research team has found new evidence that the importance of communication applies not only to people, but also to their heart cells.

Discovery of bacterial 'touch sensor' could lead to biofilm treatments
A discovery by Princeton scientists could lead to new ways to combat biofilms -- tough coatings of bacteria that form on everything from teeth and prosthetic devices to the hulls of ships.

Other highlights in the Feb. 6 issue of JNCI
Highlights of this issue include studies that suggest elderly patients should not be denied aggressive treatment, the treatment for Hodgkin's sisease is associated with increased lung cancer risk, and the mutation in the ATM gene is associated with breast cancer risk.

Simple effective direct computer links from boardroom through to factory floor promised by £200,000 programme
Researchers from the University of Warwick are putting together a £200,000

Hormone therapy may boost quality of life, say Stanford researchers
Hormone therapy after menopause can be a blessing or a curse - it helps keep bones strong and may prevent heart disease, but may also increase a woman's risk of breast cancer and may have side effects that lead to an overall lower quality of life.

New nutrition guidelines for diabetics promote emphasis on high-monounsaturated fat diet
Diabetics are no longer limited to a high-carbohydrate/low-fat diet, according to the latest guidelines issued by the American Diabetes Association (ADA).

Cancer-causing drug safe and effective in treating eye disease
Ophthalmologists at the University of Illinois Medical Center at Chicago have found a highly effective treatment for uveitis, a potentially blinding inflammation of the uvea, the pigmented layers of the eye.

NASA challenges teachers and students to comet contest
NASA's Contour space mission and Cornell University are inviting students and their teachers in the United States to participate in the Cornell and Contour Comet Challenge, with the grand prize for the winners a trip to Kennedy Space Center, to witness the launch of the spacecraft scheduled for July 1.

Brief exercise improves mental performance in people with chronic lung disease
A new study suggests that a single, short burst of moderately intense exercise gives a mental boost to people with a serious lung disease.

Satellites tracking climate changes
By observing climate variability from space with satellites, scientists are working to determine where disease epidemics such as Rift Valley Fever are likely to occur on Earth.

Honing the tools to identify clues to surviving cancer
Drawing upon their long-established expertise in medical informatics, Indiana Unviersity School of Medicine and Regenstrief Institue for Heatlh Care researchers will develop, organize and test secure databases with unidentifiable data to review, compare and contrast pathology reports, DNA and protein content of stored tissues from all Indianapolis hospitals. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to