Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 12, 2002
High turnover rate may undermine HIV/hemophilia care
The high turnover rate of health workers taking care of patients who have both HIV and hemophilia is due more to stress from coworkers than to the high emotional demands of such work, according to a new study.

Fogarty International Center announces new global health research initiative program for foreign investigators
The Fogarty International Center (FIC) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), together with eight NIH partners, announces a new Global Health Research Initiative Program (GRIP) for New Foreign Investigators to promote the productive re-entry of young NIH-trained foreign investigators from the developing world to their home countries.

'Night eating syndrome' may be related to the performance of the body -- not the mind
Study results published in the February 2002 edition of the American Journal of Physiology -- Endocrinology and Metabolism indicate that the midnight raid on the refrigerator may not be just appetite.

'Bat-n-man'
Echolocating bats, with their highly specialized auditory behaviors, have provided some of the clearest examples of structure/function relationships in the auditory cortex.

Mistrust, religious beliefs hinder blood and organ donation
Persistent mistrust of doctors and hospitals, and religious misconceptions may explain why more people, especially minorities, do not become blood and organ donors, Johns Hopkins researchers report.

New research shows just how much we hate winners
New research by economists at the Universities of Warwick and Oxford has provided surprising information on just how much people hate a winner.

Neuro-rehabilitation: an effective approach to brain damage?
Cardiff University hosts a three-day international conference on cognitive rehabilitation from 17th-19th September 2002.

NSF grant to grow methane-producing microbes in lab
Cornell University biologists aim to be the first to culture methane-generating bacteria from acidic wetlands in a laboratory, using an $837,000 Microbial Observatory grant from the NSF.

First International Conference on Women in Physics to be held in Paris
More than 300 physicists from 65 countries will gather in Paris at the first International Conference on Women in Physics, 7-9 March 2002.

NSF speakers to address trust, communication, language, and learning at AAAS meeting
This year's annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) in Boston will feature several National Science Foundation (NSF) speakers and organizers.

Braille reading strategies may enhance stimulation of the brain responsible for vision
New research has demonstrated that the brain compensates for loss of vision, and works to assist the sightless individual in learning Braille.

Antidepressant provides a cool choice for hot flashes
A Mayo Clinic study indicates long-term use of the antidepressant drug venlafaxine provides women treated for breast cancer with safe and effective relief from hot flashes.

Mayo Clinic Proceedings looks at epidemic of obesity in February issue
Three articles and an editorial in the February Mayo Clinic Proceedings outline the difficulties facing people who are overweight, but offer some strategies that might help reduce the surge of obesity in the nation's population.

Energy balance, not exercise, key to athletic menstrual disturbance
Female athletes often lose their menstrual cycle when training strenuously, but researchers have long speculated on whether this infertility was due to low body fat, low weight or exercise itself.

'Use it or lose it?' study suggests mentally stimulating activities may reduce Alzheimer's risk
In recent years, many of us have come to believe that doing crossword puzzles or playing cards might ward off a decline in memory or help us maintain

The body's production of melatonin may be the reason why the elderly can't get a good night's sleep
Changes in the rhythmic action of the body producing Melatonin may be why the elderly don't sleep as well according to study published in the February 2002 edition of the American Journal of Physiology--Endocrinology and Metabolism.

Mayo Clinic study shows no adverse heart effect for sildenafil (Viagra®)
Using ultrasound images of the heart during exercise, Mayo Clinic researchers have shown for the first time that sildenafil citrate (Viagra®) does not adversely affect blood flow to the heart in men with stable coronary artery disease who are not taking nitrates.

Science and Technology to Advance Regional Security in Central Asia
Advancing regional security in Central Asia through scientific and technical collaboration will be the subject of a congressional workshop conducted by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists Thursday, Feb.

LLNL develops powerful new rechargable battery
Researchers at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory have developed and demonstrated a laboratory prototype miniature thin-film fuel cell power source, which provides portable electrical power for a range of consumer electronics.

New study finds undiagnosed, untreated gonorrhea, chlamydia infections common
Between 1997 and 1998, undiagnosed gonorrhea and chlamydia infections occurred in a combined one in 12, or 7.9 percent, of young adults ages 18 to 35 in Baltimore, a surprisingly high total that approaches or exceeds the number of such infections that were diagnosed and treated there in 1998, researchers found.

URI Graduate School of Oceanography volcanologist receives prestigious award for scientific research
At a November 23 ceremony at the University of Utrecht in the Netherlands, URI oceanographer Haraldur Sigurdsson received the Vening Meinesz Medal from the European Geophysical Society for his research on volcanism in the Indonesia region.

An animal study raises additional concerns about the use of dexamethasone on premature infants
New study results regarding the use of dexamethasone as a treatment for neonatal respiratory problems may add to existing concerns about the use of this steroid in premature infants.
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